Sven Fischer (born 16 April 1971) is a former German biathlete. He trained with the WSV Oberhof 05 club, and was coached by Frank Ullrich and Fritz Fischer (national coaches) and Klaus Siebert (club coach). After the 2006/07 biathlon season, he retired.[1]

Sven Fischer
Sven Fischer 2003.jpg
Fischer in Oberhof, Germany, in 2003.
Personal information
Full nameSven Fischer
Born (1971-04-16) 16 April 1971 (age 48)
Schmalkalden, Thuringia, East Germany
Height1.85 m (6 ft 1 in)
Professional information
SportBiathlon
ClubWSV Oberhof 05
Retired18 March 2007
Olympic Games
Teams4 (1994, 1998, 2002, 2006)
Medals8 (4 gold)
World Championships
Teams14 (1993, 1995, 1996, 1997, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007)
Medals20 (7 gold)
World Cup
Seasons16 (1991/92–2006/07)
Individual victories33
Individual podiums90
Overall titles2 (1996–97, 1998–99)
Discipline titles8:
4 Sprint (1992–93, 1993–94, 1998–99, 2001–02);
2 Pursuit (1997–98, 2004–05);
2 Mass start (1998–99, 2000–01)

BackgroundEdit

Fischer, who stands at 1.85 m (6 ft 1 in) and weighs 85 kg (187 lb), was born in Schmalkalden, Thuringia (former East Germany). His apparent talents for athletics was discovered early and already in third grade he was training three times a week in the BSG Werkzeugkombinat sports club. In the fifth grade, he became district champion of his age class.

In September 1983, the boarding school Kinder- und Jugendsportschule (KJS) accepted him on a biathlon youth scholarship. After his exam in 1989, he joined the army studying to become a sports teacher. The German reunification and the fall of the Berlin wall and subsequent unification of the East and West German armies, forced him to leave the military in 1990.

He instead started training for international sport events, but in 1989, when Fischer was eighteen, he had problems with both his kneecaps after a growth spurt as a youth: "I grew too fast and didn't stretch well."[This quote needs a citation] As a result he sat out the whole of the 1989 season and thought he might have to retire from the sport at his young age. However, in the 1990 season when he came back he found that he had become more powerful than before his injury, and in December 1990, he celebrated his first European cup victory in sprint in Hochfilzen. One week later he participated in his first world cup relay. He was soon rewarded B–status and because of success in the German Championship in 1992 he qualified for the world cup in Pokljuka in December 1992.

In 1993, he won a World Championship gold medal in the 10 km Team in Borovets, Bulgaria, and a world cup race, in sprint, in Kontiolahti, Finland. In 1994, he won the Olympic bronze medal in the 20 km individual.

Fischer was an integral part of the German biathlon team until his retirement.

Fischer has eight biathlon victories at the Holmenkollen ski festival, three in individual (1995, 1999, 2004), two in sprint (1995, 1999), two in pursuit (2002, 2004), and one in mass start (2001).

CareerEdit

Fischer won the World Cup overall on two occasions (1996/97 and 1998/99), he's also come second twice (1993/94 and 2004/05), and third three times (1995/96, 1997/98, and 1999/2000). In the 2004/05 season Fischer lost the World Cup by only eleven points, which he most probably would have earned had he competed in the final race of the year, but he missed it because of a cold.

In the Olympics, Fischer won four gold medals, one of them in the sprint in 2006 Winter Olympics, and the other three in the relay (1994, 1998, and 2006). He also won two silver, and two bronze.

In the World Championships, Fischer amassed seven gold medals, six silver, and seven bronze. Four of his gold medals were won in relays, one in the team event, one in the individual, and one in the mass start. In the sprint he has one of his silver medals (Hochfilzen 2005). He has three bronze from the pursuit (Kontiolahti 1999, Pokljuka 2001, and Hochfilzen 2005). In the mass start he has one gold (Oslo Holmenkollen 1999), two silver (Khanty-Mansiysk 2003 and Hochfilzen 2005), and one bronze (Pokljuka 2001). His remaining silver and two bronze came in the relay (silver in Ruhpolding 1996, bronzes in Borovets 1993 and Lahti 2000).

Biathlon resultsEdit

All results are sourced from the International Biathlon Union.[2]

Olympic GamesEdit

8 medals (4 gold, 2 silver, 2 bronze)

Event Individual Sprint Pursuit Mass start Relay
  1994 Lillehammer Bronze 7th N/A N/A Gold
  1998 Nagano 16th 29th N/A N/A Gold
  2002 Salt Lake City 29th Silver 12th N/A Silver
  2006 Turin 17th Gold Bronze 17th Gold
*Pursuit was added as an event in 2002, with mass start being added in 2006.

World ChampionshipsEdit

20 medals (7 gold, 6 silver, 7 bronze)

Event Individual Sprint Pursuit Mass start Team Relay Mixed relay
  1993 Borovets DNS 20th N/A N/A Gold Bronze N/A
  1995 Antholz-Anterselva DNS 26th N/A N/A 14th Gold N/A
  1996 Ruhpolding 22nd 19th N/A N/A 6th Silver N/A
  1997 Brezno-Osrblie 5th 24th 23rd N/A Gold N/A
  1998 Pokljuka N/A N/A 4th N/A Silver N/A N/A
  1999 Kontiolahti Gold 7th Bronze Gold N/A 4th N/A
  2000 Oslo Holmenkollen 19th 40th 13th 13th N/A Bronze N/A
  2001 Pokljuka 11th 5th Bronze Bronze N/A 12th N/A
  2002 Oslo Holmenkollen N/A N/A N/A Silver N/A N/A N/A
  2003 Khanty-Mansiysk 22nd 12th 11th Silver N/A Gold N/A
  2004 Oberhof 16th 8th 23rd 11th N/A Gold N/A
  2005 Hochfilzen 4th Silver Bronze Silver N/A 6th
  2006 Pokljuka N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 10th
  2007 Antholz-Anterselva 20th 43rd 17th 5th N/A Bronze
*During Olympic seasons competitions are only held for those events not included in the Olympic program.
**Team was removed as an event in 1998, and pursuit was added in 1997 with mass start being added in 1999 and the mixed relay in 2005.

Individual victoriesEdit

33 victories (6 In, 13 Sp, 10 Pu, 4 MS)

Season Date Location Discipline Level
1992–93
1 victory
(1 Sp)
20 March 1993   Kontiolahti 10 km sprint Biathlon World Cup
1993–94
2 victories
(1 In, 1 Sp)
20 January 1994   Antholz-Anterselva 20 km individual Biathlon World Cup
12 March 1994   Hinton 10 km sprint Biathlon World Cup
1995–96
2 victories
(1 In, 1 Sp)
14 December 1995   Oslo Holmenkollen 20 km individual Biathlon World Cup
16 December 1995   Oslo Holmenkollen 10 km sprint Biathlon World Cup
1996–97
3 victories
(2 Sp, 1 Pu)
30 November 1996   Lillehammer 10 km sprint Biathlon World Cup
1 December 1996   Lillehammer 12.5 km pursuit Biathlon World Cup
8 March 1997   Nagano 10 km sprint Biathlon World Cup
1997–98
1 victory
(1 Pu)
20 December 1997   Kontiolahti 12.5 km pursuit Biathlon World Cup
1998–99
6 victories
(1 In, 3 Sp, 1 Pu, 1 MS)
19 December 1998   Brezno-Osrblie 10 km sprint Biathlon World Cup
20 December 1998   Brezno-Osrblie 12.5 km pursuit Biathlon World Cup
26 February 1999   Lake Placid 10 km sprint Biathlon World Cup
11 March 1999   Oslo Holmenkollen 20 km individual Biathlon World Championships
12 March 1999   Oslo Holmenkollen 10 km sprint Biathlon World Cup
13 March 1999   Oslo Holmenkollen 15 km mass start Biathlon World Championships
1999–2000
2 victories
(2 Pu)
12 March 2000   Lahti 12.5 km pursuit Biathlon World Cup
18 March 2000   Khanty-Mansiysk 12.5 km pursuit Biathlon World Cup
2000–01
2 victories
(2 MS)
7 January 2001   Oberhof 15 km mass start Biathlon World Cup
18 March 2001   Oslo Holmenkollen 15 km mass start Biathlon World Cup
2001–02
3 victories
(1 Sp, 2 Pu)
20 January 2002   Ruhpolding 12.5 km pursuit Biathlon World Cup
9 March 2002   Östersund 10 km sprint Biathlon World Cup
23 March 2002   Oslo Holmenkollen 12.5 km pursuit Biathlon World Cup
2002–03
1 victory
(1 Sp)
20 February 2003   Östersund 10 km sprint Biathlon World Cup
2003–04
2 victories
(1 In, 1 MS)
22 January 2004   Antholz-Anterselva 20 km individual Biathlon World Cup
6 March 2004   Fort Kent 15 km mass start Biathlon World Cup
2004–05
5 victories
(1 In, 2 Sp, 2 Pu)
4 December 2004   Beitostølen 12.5 km pursuit Biathlon World Cup
9 December 2004   Oslo Holmenkollen 20 km individual Biathlon World Cup
12 December 2004   Oslo Holmenkollen 12.5 km pursuit Biathlon World Cup
7 January 2005   Oberhof 10 km sprint Biathlon World Cup
16 March 2005   Khanty-Mansiysk 10 km sprint Biathlon World Cup
2005–06
3 victories
(1 In, 1 Sp, 1 Pu)
15 December 2005   Brezno-Osrblie 20 km individual Biathlon World Cup
18 December 2005   Brezno-Osrblie 12.5 km pursuit Biathlon World Cup
14 February 2006   Turin 10 km sprint Winter Olympic Games
*Results are from UIPMB and IBU races which include the Biathlon World Cup, Biathlon World Championships and the Winter Olympic Games.

ReferencesEdit

  • "IBU Profile of Sven Fischer". International Biathlon Union. Archived from the original on 2008-02-10. Retrieved 2008-01-25.
  1. ^ Schwarzbach, Stefan (2007-05-07). "The end of an exceptional career: Sven Fischer retires". International Biathlon Union. Archived from the original on 2008-01-08.
  2. ^ "Sven Fischer". IBU Datacenter. International Biathlon Union. Retrieved 18 May 2015.

External linksEdit