Sudetenland Medal

The 1 October 1938 Commemorative Medal (German: Die Medaille zur Erinnerung an den 1. Oktober 1938), commonly known as the Sudetenland Medal was a decoration of Nazi Germany awarded during the interwar period, and the second in a series of Occupation Medals.

The 1 October 1938 Commemorative Medal (Sudetenland Medal)
Die Medaille zur Erinnerung an den 1. Oktober 1938
Sudetenland Medal.PNG
The medal's obverse (left) and reverse (right).
TypeOccupation medal
Awarded forParticipation in the occupations of Sudetenland in October 1938 and Czechoslovakia in March 1939
Presented byNazi Germany
EligibilityMilitary personnel and others
Campaign(s)Interwar period
Established18 October 1938
Last awarded31 December 1940
Total1,162,617 medals and 134,563 bars[1]
Sudetenland Medal Spange Prager Burg BAR.png
The Prague Castle bar (Spange Prager Burg).

DescriptionEdit

Instituted on 18 October 1938, the medal was awarded to participants in the occupations of Sudetenland in October 1938 and Czechoslovakia in March 1939.[2]

The medal was awarded to all German State officials and members of the German Wehrmacht and SS who entered the Sudetenland on 18 October 1938,[1] and to Sudeten Nazis who had worked for union with Germany.[3] Later a special bar for attachment to the ribbon was introduced for participation in the occupation of the remnants of Czechoslovakia on 15 March 1939,[1] and to others who rendered valuable support.[3] Last awarded on 31 December 1940, a total of 1,162,617 medals and 134,563 bars were bestowed.[1]

The wearing of Nazi era awards was banned in 1945. The Sudetenland medal was not among those awards reauthorized for official wear by the Federal Republic of Germany in 1957.[4]

DesignEdit

The medal was circular and similar in appearance as the Anschluss Medal, the reverse only differed in the date. It was designed by Professor Richard Klein. On the obverse a man holding the Nazi flag stands on a podium bearing the eagle emblem of the Third Reich. He assists a second man onto the podium, whose right arm bears a broken shackle. This symbolizes the joining of the area to the Reich. On the reverse is the inscription date "1. Oktober 1938" (1 October 1938). The date is surrounded with the words "Ein Volk, Ein Reich, Ein Führer" (One People, One Nation, One Leader).[5]

The medal was die-struck and high in detail, with a bronze finish. It was suspended from a striped black, red, black ribbon and white outer stripes,[5] the colors of the Sudetenland.

Prague Castle BarEdit

For those who had participated in both the occupation of the Sudetenland and the annexation of Bohemia and Moravia on 15 March 1939, a bronze Castle Bar (German: Spange Prager Burg), was approved on 1 May 1939.[6] This bar featured the Prague Castle on the obverse with two triangular prongs in the back, which held it on the ribbon of the prior awarded Sudetenland medal. The bar, like the medal, was die-struck and high in detail, with a bronze finish.[7]

ReferencesEdit

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d Angolia 1987, pp. 59, 61.
  2. ^ Angolia 1987, pp. 58, 59.
  3. ^ a b Littlejohn & Dodkins 1968, p. 49.
  4. ^ German Federal regulation 1996, pp. 583–593, Anlage 13: List of authorized awards.
  5. ^ a b Angolia 1987, p. 59.
  6. ^ Angolia 1987, p. 60.
  7. ^ Angolia 1987, pp. 60–61.

BibliographyEdit

  • Angolia, John (1987). For Führer and Fatherland: Military Awards of the Third Reich. R. James Bender Publishing. ISBN 0-912138-14-9.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Doehle, Heinrich (1995) [1943]. Medals & Decorations of the Third Reich: Badges, Decorations, Insignia. Reddick Enterprises. ISBN 0962488348.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • German Federal regulation (1996). Dienstvorschriften Nr. 14/97. Bezug: Anzugordnung für die Soldaten der Bundeswehr. ZDv 37/10 (in German).CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Littlejohn, David; Dodkins, Colonel C. M. (1968). Orders, Decorations, Medals and Badges of the Third Reich. R. James Bender Publishing, California. ISBN 978-0854200801.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)