Suavjärvi crater

Suavjärvi (in Karelian, Russian: Суавъярви) is a lake and impact crater in the Republic of Karelia, Russia about 50 km north of the town of Medvezhyegorsk.[1] The approximately 3 km wide Suavjärvi lake is located in the centre of the crater.

Suavjärvi lake
LocationRepublic of Karelia
Coordinates63°7′N 33°23′E / 63.117°N 33.383°E / 63.117; 33.383Coordinates: 63°7′N 33°23′E / 63.117°N 33.383°E / 63.117; 33.383
TypeImpact crater lake
Basin countriesRussia
Max. width3 km (1.9 mi)

The crater is 16 km in diameter and it is estimated to be about 2.4 billion (2.4 x 109) years old, placing it in the ArcheanProterozoic boundary. That makes it the oldest known impact crater on Earth. Not much of the crater has survived, although some shock features like large blocks composed of impact breccia have been found.


  1. ^ "Suavjärvi". Earth Impact Database. Planetary and Space Science Centre University of New Brunswick Fredericton. Retrieved 2009-08-20.
  • M.S. Mashchak, M.V. Naumov; Naumov (1996). "The Suavjarvi Structure: An Early Proterozoic Impact Site on the Fennoscandian Shield". Lunar and Planetary Science. 27 (3): 825–826. Bibcode:1996LPI....27..825M.