Stewart Shapiro (/ʃəˈpɪər/; born 1951) is O'Donnell Professor of Philosophy at the Ohio State University. He is a leading figure in the philosophy of mathematics where he defends the abstract variety of structuralism.

Stewart Shapiro
Alma materCase Western Reserve University
University at Buffalo
EraContemporary philosophy
RegionWestern philosophy
SchoolAnalytic philosophy
Main interests
Philosophy of mathematics
Notable ideas
Mathematical structuralism (abstract variety)[1]



Shapiro studied Mathematics and Philosophy at Case Western Reserve University in 1973. Then, he got his M.A. in Mathematics at the State University of New York at Buffalo in 1975. He transferred to the University at Buffalo Philosophy Department, where three years later he received a Ph.D. His doctoral supervisor was John Corcoran.



  • Philosophy of Mathematics: Structure and Ontology. Oxford University Press, 1997. ISBN 0-19-513930-5
  • Thinking about Mathematics: The Philosophy of Mathematics. Oxford University Press, 2000. ISBN 0-19-289306-8
  • Foundations without Foundationalism: A Case for Second-Order Logic. Oxford University Press, 1991. ISBN 0-19-853391-8
  • Vagueness in Context. Oxford University Press, 2006. ISBN 0-19-928039-8


  • Intensional Mathematics, Studies in Logic and the Foundations of Mathematics 113, Amsterdam, North Holland Publishing Company, 1985. Contributors: S. Shapiro, J. Myhill, N. D. Goodman, A. Scedrov, V. Lifschitz, R. Flagg, R. Smullyan.
  • The Limits of Logic: Higher-Order Logic and the Löwenheim-Skolem Theorem, Routledge, 1996.
  • Special issue of Philosophia Mathematica 4(2), devoted to structuralism. Contributors: P. Benacerraf, G. Hellman, B. Hale, C. Parsons, M. Resnik, S. Shapiro. Contributors: P. Benacerraf, G. Hellman, B. Hale, C. Parsons, M. Resnik, S. Shapiro, 1996.
  • The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Mathematics and Logic. Oxford University Press, 2005. ISBN 0-19-514877-0

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ Stewart Shapiro, "Mathematical Structuralism", Philosophia Mathematica, 4(2), May 1996, pp. 81–2.

External linksEdit