Stephen Alan Lillywhite, CBE (born 15 March 1955) is an English record producer. Since he began his career in 1977, Lillywhite has been credited on over 500 records, and has collaborated with a variety of musicians including U2, the Rolling Stones, XTC, Dave Matthews Band, Steel Pulse, Peter Gabriel, Talking Heads, Morrissey, the Killers, Kirsty MacColl, the Pogues, David Byrne, Big Country, Blue October, Siouxsie and the Banshees, Simple Minds, the Psychedelic Furs, Phish, Counting Crows and Joan Armatrading. He has won six Grammy Awards, including the Producer of The Year in 2006, and was made a Commander of the Order of The British Empire (CBE) in 2012 for his contributions to music.
|Born||15 March 1955|
|Origin||Egham, England, United Kingdom|
|Genres||Rock, new wave|
|Associated acts||Kirsty MacColl (former wife), U2, Dave Matthews Band|
Lillywhite was born in Surrey, England. From 1984 to 1994 he was married to Kirsty MacColl, with whom he had two sons, Jamie and Louis. He has been married to Patricia Louise Galluzzi since 29 May 2004. He was made a Commander of the Order of The British Empire (CBE) in 2012 for his contributions to music.
Lillywhite entered the music industry in 1972, when he worked as a tape operator for Polygram. He produced a demo recording for Ultravox, which led to them being offered a recording contract with Island Records. Lillywhite soon joined Island as a staff producer, where he worked with many of the leading new wave musicians, including his brother's band, The Members, and guitarist Johnny Thunders, for whom he produced a solo album, So Alone. His first commercial success came in August 1978 as the producer of "Hong Kong Garden," the debut single from Siouxsie and the Banshees. He also produced "Ku Klux Klan", the first single that Steel Pulse released on Island Records in 1978. In 1979, he scored two hits for Virgin records with The Members: the Surrey Anthem "Sound of the Suburbs" and protest reggae classic "Offshore Banking Business." Lillywhite along with Engineer Hugh Padgham began working with the English band XTC in June and July 1979 at Townhouse Studios in London for Virgin Records. The results; XTC's third studio album "Drums and Wires" was released on 17 August 1979 and "Making Plans For Nigel" the single taken from this work reached #17 on the BBC UK Singles Chart in the fall of that year. It is a classic example of the distinctive Lillywhite\Padgham big drum sound
In February 1980 the Psychedelic Furs' self-titled debut album was released, produced by Lillywhite. He also produced Peter Gabriel's critically acclaimed third solo album Peter Gabriel (also known as III or Melt), which was released in May 1980 and topped the UK album chart. It established Gabriel as "one of rock's most ambitious, innovative musicians" and "raised considerably" Lillywhite's profile. During the recording of the album he pioneered (with Gabriel and engineer Hugh Padgham) the gated reverb drum sound which became a hallmark of Phil Collins' solo career. Later in the year, Boy, the debut album of U2, was released, produced by Lillywhite. Lillywhite's collaboration with U2 continued with the albums October and War. He moved on to produce work by Bruce Foxton (of The Jam), Big Country, XTC, The Chameleons, Toyah, Talking Heads, Eddie and the Hot Rods, Morrissey, The Rolling Stones and the Shine album by the former ABBA vocalist Anni-Frid Lyngstad. Lillywhite was also hired by Rush to produce their 1984 album, Grace Under Pressure but, much to their frustration, withdrew from the project to work with Simple Minds. Alex Lifeson, Geddy Lee, and Neil Peart referred to Lillywhite as a man not of his word for not following through on what had already been scheduled.
In 1987 Lillywhite worked with the Pogues, producing "Fairytale of New York". His wife, Kirsty MacColl, provided the lead female vocal for the song, which became the band's biggest hit. The single narrowly missed being the UK Christmas number one single, but was still one of the biggest selling records that year. The song "Cotton Fields," from the Pogues' 1989 album Peace and Love (also produced by Lillywhite), includes a reference to "Steve Lillywhite's drunken mix".
During the 1990s, Lillywhite produced the multi platinum albums Under the Table and Dreaming, Crash, and Before These Crowded Streets by the Dave Matthews Band. In 1991, he continued to produce Morrissey and co-produced songs from U2's Achtung Baby, working alongside Brian Eno, Daniel Lanois and Flood. That same year he returned to Dublin to produce Engine Alley's debut album entitled A Sonic Holiday, and Kirsty MacColl again provided additional vocals, this time for the single "Song for Someone". He also produced albums by Travis and the debut (and only album) by The La's. In 1996, he produced Phish's Billy Breathes, and he returned to produce Joy in 2009.
In 2000, Lillywhite was fired from the fourth album by the Dave Matthews Band after band members cited creative differences. In 2001, a number of their recordings emerged on a bootleg album, known now as The Lillywhite Sessions; many of the songs from those recordings followed later, on the Dave Matthews Band's album Busted Stuff. The unfinished tracks appeared online, and the majority of the tracks were re-recorded, without Lillywhite, with Stephen Harris as the preferred choice by the band.
In 2002, Universal Music Group head Lucian Grainge invited Lillywhite to become managing director. Lillywhite signed singer-songwriter Darius Danesh and served as executive producer for his debut album Dive In, which spawned three Top 10 hits, and Mercury Records' first number one in eighteen years. He also signed Razorlight, and also produced Jason Mraz's Mr. A-Z.
In September 2005 Lillywhite joined Columbia Records as a Senior Vice-President of A&R. During his tenure he signed MGMT. He left the label at the end of 2006. Lillywhite collected consecutive Grammy Awards for Record of the Year with U2's "Beautiful Day" and "Walk On." In 2006, Lillywhite won three more Grammys: Producer of the Year (Non-Classical), Best Rock Album also with U2's How to Dismantle an Atomic Bomb; and a partial win for Album of the Year, also for How to Dismantle an Atomic Bomb.
In late 2006 he worked with Chris Cornell on his album Carry On, and also produced two songs on Switchfoot's album, Oh! Gravity.. In February 2007 Lillywhite began work with Crowded House on tracks for Time on Earth, the band's first studio album in fourteen years. The majority of the album was produced by Ethan Johns, but Lillywhite produced four songs with the full touring line-up, including new drummer Matt Sherrod as well as studio guest guitarist Johnny Marr. Lillywhite's next project was working with Matchbox Twenty on an EP that comprised a portion of Exile on Mainstream, a two-disc album that entered the US charts at No. 3 and Australian charts at No. 1. In 2008, Lillywhite again worked alongside Brian Eno and Daniel Lanois on U2's No Line on the Horizon. He also worked on Blue October's Approaching Normal, and rejoined Flood to work with Thirty Seconds to Mars on This Is War.
In 2008, Lillywhite produced a number of recordings for the World Cafe radio show on NPR. This included sessions at Avatar Studios in New York with Fleet Foxes, She & Him, Bell X1, Dr. Dog, and Mercury Rev.
On 25 May 2010, the official Oasis website announced that Lillywhite was working with Liam Gallagher, Gem Archer, Andy Bell and Chris Sharrock on material for their new band Beady Eye. Lillywhite was scheduled to produce an album for Evanescence, but the plan was scrapped in early 2011.
In 2016, Lillywhite produced an album by Thai rock band Slot Machine.
- Beady Eye – Different Gear, Still Speeding
- Big Country – The Crossing, Wonderland, Steeltown
- Bruce Foxton - Touch Sensitive
- Blue October – Approaching Normal
- Chris Cornell – Carry On
- Climie Fisher – some songs from Everything
- Counting Crows – Hard Candy
- Crowded House – Time on Earth
- Darius Danesh – Dive In
- Dark Star – Twenty Twenty Sound
- Dave Matthews Band – Under the Table and Dreaming, Crash, Before These Crowded Streets, The Lillywhite Sessions (unreleased), Away from the World
- Elwood – The Parlance of Our Time
- Frida – Shine
- Gigi - Setia Bersama Menyayangi & Mencintai
- Guster – Lost and Gone Forever
- Iwan Fals - Satu (feat. Noah, Nidji, Geisha & d'Masiv)
- Jason Mraz – Mr. A-Z
- Joan Armatrading – Walk Under Ladders, The Key, mixing on Sleight of Hand
- Johnny Thunders – So Alone
- Juanes - Loco de Amor
- Kirsty MacColl – Kite, Electric Landlady, Galore
- Marshall Crenshaw – Field Day
- Matchbox Twenty – Exile on Mainstream
- Morrissey – Vauxhall and I, Southpaw Grammar, Maladjusted
- Noah - Second Chance
- Ours – Distorted Lullabies
- Peter Gabriel – Peter Gabriel (aka Peter Gabriel III or Melt)
- Phish – Billy Breathes, Joy
- Rearview Mirror – All Lights Off
- Simple Minds – Sparkle in the Rain
- Siouxsie and the Banshees – The Scream
- Slank - Palalopeyank
- Switchfoot – Oh! Gravity.
- Talking Heads – Naked
- The Adventure Babies – Laugh
- The Killers – Battle Born
- The La's – The La's
- The Members – At the Chelsea Nightclub
- The Pogues – If I Should Fall From Grace with God, Peace and Love
- The Psychedelic Furs – The Psychedelic Furs, Talk Talk Talk
- The Rolling Stones – Dirty Work
- The Sam Willows - Glasshouse (Lillywhite edition)
- The Smiths – mixed the "Ask" single (The World Won't Listen)
- Thirty Seconds to Mars – This Is War, Love, Lust, Faith and Dreams
- Thompson Twins – Set
- Tom Robinson – Sector 27
- Toyah – The Changeling
- Travis – Good Feeling
- U2 – Boy, October, War, and How to Dismantle an Atomic Bomb; as well as some songs on The Joshua Tree, Achtung Baby, All That You Can't Leave Behind, No Line on the Horizon and Songs of Experience
- Ultravox – Ultravox!, Ha!-Ha!-Ha!
- Urban Verbs – Early Damage
- World Party – Bang!
- XTC – Drums and Wires, Black Sea
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- Lichtenstein, Olivia (1 January 2012). "I hear Mum's voice every Christmas. I feel so lucky: Kirsty MacColl's son relives the day she died in his first ever interview". Daily Mail. Retrieved 26 February 2012.
- "IMDb Biography". IMDb. Retrieved 26 February 2016.
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- Howell, Steve (March 2005). "Q. How do I set up a gated reverb?". Sound On Sound. Archived from the original on 24 September 2015. Retrieved 5 August 2015.
- Elliott, Paul. "The History Of Rush by Geddy Lee & Alex Lifeson: Moving Pictures and the 1980s". TeamRock.com. Archived from the original on 25 June 2016. Retrieved 26 June 2016.
- Daniel Kreps (17 March 2009). "Phish Add 12 Shows to Reunion Tour, Plot Return to the Studio". RollingStone.com. Archived from the original on 3 February 2013. Retrieved 9 September 2012.
- Halperin, Shirley (29 August 2012). "Steve Lillywhite's Full Slate: Albums by Dave Matthews Band, The Killers and 30 Seconds to Mars on Deck (Q&A)". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved 26 February 2016.
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- Goodman, William (13 April 2011). "Interview: Amy Lee Talks Evanescence's Comeback LP". Spin.com. Archived from the original on 5 May 2015. Retrieved 9 September 2012.
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- "U2 Producer's Other Job: Selling CDs in Indonesia's KFCs". 3 April 2017. Archived from the original on 9 April 2017 – via NYTimes.com.