Steinheim crater

The Steinheim crater is a meteorite crater in Steinheim am Albuch, Heidenheim County, Baden-Württemberg, Germany.[2] The crater is located at the north-eastern end of the Swabian Alb near the much larger (24-km-diameter) Nördlinger Ries crater and was most probably formed simultaneously with it by the oblique, ENE directed impact of a double asteroid.[3][4] This impact may have produced several other craters as well.[5]

Steinheim crater
Steinheim WorldWind S.jpg
Satellite image of Steinheim crater
Impact crater/structure
ConfidenceConfirmed
Diameter3.8 km (2.4 mi)
Age15.1 ± 0.1 Ma
Middle Miocene
ExposedYes
DrilledYes
Location
Coordinates48°41′12″N 10°03′54″E / 48.68667°N 10.06500°E / 48.68667; 10.06500Coordinates: 48°41′12″N 10°03′54″E / 48.68667°N 10.06500°E / 48.68667; 10.06500
CountryGermany
StateBaden-Württemberg
DistrictHeidenheim
MunicipalitySteinheim am Albuch
Steinheim crater is located in Germany
Steinheim crater
Location of the crater in Germany
Shatter cone from the Steinheim Basin (type locality), Germany.[1] The width of hand specimen is 25 cm.

It is 3.8 km in diameter and the age is estimated to be 15 ± 1 million years (Miocene). The crater is exposed at the surface.

Panoramic view of the Steinheim basin.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ J. Baier: Ein Beitrag zur Shatter-Cone-Bildung (Steinheimer Impaktkrater, Deutschland). - Aufschluss, 69(6), 370-376, 2018
  2. ^ "Steinheim". Earth Impact Database. Planetary and Space Science Centre University of New Brunswick Fredericton. Retrieved 2008-12-30.
  3. ^ J. Baier & A. Scherzinger: Der neue Geologische Lehrpfad im Steinheimer Impakt-Krater. - Jber. Mitt. oberrhein. geol. Ver, N. F. 92, 9-24, 2010.
  4. ^ B.A. Ivanov and D. Stöffler, "The Steinheim Impact Crater, Germany: Modeling of a Complex Crater with Central Uplift", Lunar and Planetary Science XXXVI, 2005.
  5. ^ J. Classen (1978). A large crater field recognized in Central Europe, Bull. Ver. Schweiz. Petroleum-Geol. u.-Ing., Vol. 44, Nr. 106, April 1978.
  • J. Baier, V. J. Sach: Shatter-Cones aus den Impaktkratern Nördlinger Ries und Steinheimer Becken. In: Fossilien, 35(2), Wiebelsheim 2018.
  • V. J. Sach & J. Baier: Neue Untersuchungen an Strahlenkalken und Shatter-Cones in Sediment- und Kristallingesteinen (Ries-Impakt und Steinheim-Impakt, Deutschland). Pfeil-Verlag, München 2017. ISBN 978-3-89937-229-8.