State Road 56 in the U.S. state of Indiana is a route that travels the south central part of the state from west to east.

State Road 56 marker

State Road 56
SR 56 highlighted in red
Route information
Maintained by INDOT
Length193.43 mi[2] (311.30 km)
ExistedOctober 1, 1926[1]–present
Major junctions
West end US 41 at Hazleton
  I-69 Petersburg

US 231 in Jasper
US 150 near Paoli
I-65 in Scottsburg
US 31 in Scottsburg

US 421 in Madison
East end US 50 / SR 350 at Aurora
Location
CountiesDearborn, Dubois, Gibson, Jefferson, Ohio, Orange, Pike, Scott, Switzerland, Washington
Highway system
SR 55SR 57

Contents

Route descriptionEdit

 
Signs for SR 56/US 150 in Paoli, seen from SR 37.

The western terminus of SR 56 is near Hazleton at U.S. Route 41. SR 56 heads northeast to Hazleton. After Hazleton SR 56 turns southeast then back northeast, until State Road 65 (SR 65). Where SR 56 heads east towards Petersburg, in Petersburg SR 56 is Concurrent with State Road 57 (SR 57), until the intersection with State Road 61 (SR 61). SR 56 leaves Petersburg concurrent with SR 61 heading south, until SR 56 turns east. South of Otwell SR 56 has an intersection with State Road 257. SR 56 enters Jasper on the west side and then has an intersection with U.S. Route 231, the two routes are concurrent until they leave Jasper on the north side of town. North of Jasper SR 56 turns east towards Paoli passing through French Lick. East of Paoli SR 56 heads towards Salem passing through an intersection with State Road 337. SR 56 and State Road 60 have a concurrency from the west side of Salem to downtown Salem. SR 56 leaves Salem heading northeast, then turning east near the southern terminus of State Road 39 (SR 39). After SR 39, SR 56 passing over Interstate 65 (I-65). Then SR 56 enters Scottsburg where SR 56 has an intersection with U.S. Route 31. After leaving Scottsburg, SR 56 has a concurrency with State Road 203 and State Road 3. Then SR 56 heads toward Hanover where SR 56 and State Road 62 (SR 62) has a concurrency. East of Hanover SR 62 turns north and SR 56 heads east. East of the intersection with SR 62, SR 56 has an intersection with State Road 256 (SR 256). Then SR 56 enters Madison where SR 56 has an intersection with the southern terminus of State Road 7 and a concurrency with U.S. Route 421. East of Madison SR 56 parallels the Ohio River. Then in Vevay SR 56 has an intersection with the southern terminus of State Road 129 and the western terminus of State Road 156 (SR 156). After Vevay SR 56 heads north-northeast toward Aurora passing through intersection with State Road 250, SR 156, and State Road 262, passing through the town of Rising Sun. The northern terminus SR 56 is at an intersection with U.S. Route 50 and State Road 350.[3]

HistoryEdit

In the western part of Indiana SR 56 originally followed the same routing at current State Road 64 takes. In 1930 the east terminus of SR 56 was Lawrenceburg at U.S. Route 52, this route is now part of State Road 1.[4]

East of US 231 in northeastern Dubois County, SR 56 approximates part of the course of the Buffalo Trace (road), a migration route for buffalo that provided a major avenue for travel by Native Americans and Europeans in what is now southern Indiana.[5][6]

Major intersectionsEdit

CountyLocationmi[2][page needed]kmDestinationsNotes
PikeHazleton0.000.00  US 41 – Evansville, VincennesWestern terminus of SR 56
Clay Township12.1119.49  SR 65 south – PrincetonNorthern terminus of SR 65
Petersburg18.7830.22  SR 57 south – EvansvilleWestern end of SR 57 concurrency
19.2030.90   SR 57 north / SR 61 north – Vincennes, WashingtonEastern end of SR 57 concurrency; northern end of SR 61 concurrency
  I-69 – Evansville, Washington
Washington Township23.7338.19  SR 61 south – BoonvilleSouthern end of SR 61 concurrency
Jefferson Township32.1451.72  SR 257 – Velpen, Otwell, Washington
DuboisJasper41.2366.35  US 231 south – Dale, HuntingburgSouthern end of US 231 concurrency
   SR 164 east to SR 162 – FerdinandWestern terminus of SR 164
Harbison Township48.4677.99  US 231 north – LoogooteeNorthern end of US 231 concurrency
54.3687.48  SR 545 south – DuboisNorthern terminus of SR 545
OrangeFrench Lick66.92107.70  SR 145 southNorthern terminus of SR 145
West Baden Springs68.80110.72  US 150 west – LoogooteeWestern end of US 150 concurrency
Paoli  SR 37 south – Tell CityWestern end of SR 37 concurrency
  SR 37 north – Orleans, Mitchell, BedfordEastern end of SR 37 concurrency
77.80125.21  US 150 east – FredericksburgEastern end of US 150 concurrency
WashingtonLivonia87.84141.36  SR 337 north – OrleansSouthern terminus of SR 337
Salem97.58157.04  SR 60 west – MitchellWestern terminus of SR 60 concurrency
99.04159.39   SR 60 east / SR 135 – Sellersburg, Corydon, BrownstownEastern terminus of SR 60 concurrency
Gibson Township111.95180.17  SR 39 north – Little YorkSouthern terminus of SR 39
ScottScottsburg117.47189.05  I-65 – Indianapolis, LouisvilleExit 29 on I-65
118.00189.90  US 31 – Jeffersonville, Columbus
Lexington Township121.70195.86  SR 203 northWestern terminus of SR 203 concurrency
122.68197.43  SR 3 south – CharlestownWestern terminus of SR 3 concurrency
124.40200.20  SR 203 south – LexingtonEastern end of SR 203 concurrency
125.70202.29  SR 3 north – VernonEastern end of SR 3 concurrency
JeffersonHanover Township132.75213.64  SR 62 west – New Washington, JeffersonvilleWestern end of SR 62 concurrency
Hanover137.81221.78  SR 62 east – DillsboroEastern end of SR 62 concurrency
137.99222.07  SR 256 west – AustinEastern terminus of SR 256
Madison141.02226.95  SR 7 north – VernonSouthern terminus of SR 7
141.90228.37  US 421 north – VersaillesWestern end of US 421 concurrency
142.18228.82  US 421 south - FrankfortEastern end of US 421 concurrency
SwitzerlandVevay160.37258.09  SR 129 north – VersaillesSouthern terminus of SR 129
  SR 156 east – FlorenceWestern terminus of SR 156
Cotton Township173.22278.77  SR 250
OhioRandolph Township182.18293.19  SR 156 west – FlorenceEastern terminus of SR 156
Rising Sun184.78297.37  SR 262 west – DillsboroEastern terminus of SR 262
DearbornAurora193.43311.30   US 50 / SR 350 west – Dillsboro, Milan, LawrenceburgEastern terminus of SR 56
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Road Numbers to Be Changed". The Hancock-Democrat. The Indianapolis News. September 30, 1926. Retrieved June 9, 2016 – via Newspapers.com.  
  2. ^ a b "INDOT Roadway Referencing System" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-06-15.
  3. ^ Google (2011-02-17). "overview map of SR 56" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved 2011-02-17.
  4. ^ Indiana Highway Ends - SR 56 Archived 2012-03-09 at the Wayback Machine
  5. ^ Wilson, George R., Early Indiana Trails and Surveys, Indiana Historical Society Press (Indianapolis: 1919), reprinted 2002: plates 4 and 5.
  6. ^ Indiana's Historic Pathways, http://usi.edu/ihp/maps.aspx (accessed 2014-03-29).

External linksEdit