High Council of State (Libya)

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The High Council of State, (Arabic: المجلس الأعلى للدولة‎), also known as the Supreme Council of State, is an advisory body for Libya formed under the terms of the Libyan Political Agreement which was signed on 17 December 2015.[2] The agreement resulted from United Nations supported peace talks and has been unanimously endorsed by the Security Council.[3] The High Council of state is able to advise the interim Government of National Accord (GNA) and the House of Representatives (HoR) and can express a binding opinion on these bodies under certain circumstances.[4] The members of the council will be nominated by the General National Congress.

High Council of State

المجلس الأعلى للدولة
Libyan State Council logo.png
History
Founded5 April 2016 (2016-04-05)
Leadership
Chairman
First Deputy Chairman
Second Deputy Chairman
Structure
Seats145
The High Council of State.svg
Political groups
     Members of the GNC appointed after 2014 (134)
     Members of the GNC elected in 2012 (11)
Elections
Appointed by the General National Congress
Meeting place
Mehari Radisson Blu Hotel Tripoli Libya.JPG
Radisson Blu Al Mahary Hotel
Tripoli, Libya

HistoryEdit

The council met for the first time on 27 February 2016 [5] and it was formally established at a ceremony at the Radisson Blu Al Mahary Hotel in Tripoli on 5 April 2016.[6]

The council moved into the headquarters of the former General National Congress, at the Rixos Al Nasr Convention Centre, on 22 April 2016.[7]

On August 2016, a 94 members rival High Council of State was proclaimed in Benghazi and its members wanted to join the official body.[8]

On 21 September 2016, the High Council of State took legislative powers.[9]

On 10 October 2016, the Rixos Al Nasr Convention Centre was attacked by gunmen loyal to the GNC.[10] On 15 October 2016, forces loyal to the GNC took over the building and announced the return of the Ghawil cabinet.[11][12] Then, fighting occurred between Sarraj loyalists and Ghawil forces.[13][14] Following these clashes, the council once again took up residence in the Radisson Blu Al Mahary Hotel.

Chairman of the High CouncilEdit

Incumbent Since Until Party
Abdulrahman Sewehli February 2016 April 2018 Union for Homeland
Khalid al-Mishri April 2018 Justice and Construction Party

Saleh al-Makhzoum[15][16] served as the first deputy chairman and Muhammed Imazzeb[17] served as second deputy chairman under Sewehli. They were replaced by Naji Mukhtar and Fawzi Aqab, respectively, during the tenure of al-Mishri.[1]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d "Khalid Al-Mishri elected to replace Al-Swahili as Head of Libya High Council of State". Libya Observer. 8 April 2018. Retrieved 21 April 2019.
  2. ^ "As Libya marks 64th independence anniversary, UN envoy urges unity behind new Government". UN News. 24 December 2015. Retrieved 8 April 2019.
  3. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2016-01-30. Retrieved 2016-06-21.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  4. ^ "Libyan deal on course, but who is on board?". english.alarabiya.net. Retrieved 8 April 2019.
  5. ^ "Op-Ed: State Council of Libyan Government of National Accord meets". www.digitaljournal.com. 27 February 2016. Retrieved 8 April 2019.
  6. ^ "GNC members announce its "dissolution" and creation of the State Council". Libya Herald. 2016-04-05. Retrieved 2016-04-05.
  7. ^ "State Supreme Council takes over the GNC headquarters". Retrieved 8 April 2019.
  8. ^ "Al-Sweihli sends three High Council of State members to investigation - The Libya Observer".
  9. ^ "State Council to assume legislative power, condemns takeover of oil ports - The Libya Observer". www.libyaobserver.ly. Retrieved 8 April 2019.
  10. ^ "High Council of State evacuated over rift with its security guards - Libyan Express". 10 October 2016.
  11. ^ "GNC retakes parliament compound, High Council of State condemns - The Libya Observer". www.libyaobserver.ly. Retrieved 8 April 2019.
  12. ^ http://www.trtworld.com/mea/rival-group-seizes-libyas-un-backed-government-offices-207539
  13. ^ "Clashes erupt in Libyan capital Tripoli - Region - World - Ahram Online". english.ahram.org.eg. Retrieved 8 April 2019.
  14. ^ https://www.washingtonpost.com/world/middle_east/us-concerned-about-use-of-force-in-libyas-capital/2016/10/16/a26658c4-9386-11e6-9cae-2a3574e296a6_story.html
  15. ^ "State Supreme Council elects Al-Sweihli as President". Libyan Express. 2016-04-06. Retrieved 2016-04-06.
  16. ^ "Al-Makhzoum: PC will announce leadership of Libyan army soon". Libyan Express. 2016-04-06. Retrieved 2016-04-06.
  17. ^ "Al-Sweihli calls on Tobruk Parliament to speed up implementation of Skhirat agreement". Retrieved 8 April 2019.

External linksEdit