Stanley Eric Reinhart
Major General Stanley Eric Reinhart (September 15, 1893 – June 4, 1975) was a senior United States Army officer of the United States Army. He figured prominently in World War II as commander of the 65th Infantry Division.
Stanley Eric Reinhart
|Born||September 15, 1893|
Polk, Ohio, United States
|Died||June 4, 1975 (aged 81)|
|Service/||United States Army|
|Years of service||1916–1946|
|Unit||Field Artillery Branch|
|Commands held||1st Battalion, 17th Field Artillery Regiment|
65th Infantry Division
26th Infantry Division
|Battles/wars||World War I|
World War II
|Awards||Army Distinguished Service Medal (2)|
Legion of Merit
Bronze Star (2)
Early life and military careerEdit
Reinhart was born on September 15, 1893 in Polk, Ohio (pop. 250). He worked briefly as a rural school teacher, in North Red Haw, Ohio, until 1911. He entered the United States Military Academy (USMA) at West Point, New York in 1912, graduating in 1916, and was commissioned as a second lieutenant into the Field Artillery Branch of the United States Army at Fort Bliss, Texas.
As aide-de-camp to Brigadier General Peyton C. March, Reinhart sailed for France on June 30, 1917, almost three months after the American entry into World War I. After arriving on the Western Front, the main theater of war, in late 1917, he assumed command of Battery 'A' of the 17th Field Artillery Regiment, part of the 2nd Infantry Division of the American Expeditionary Force (AEF), from February 12, 1918 to July 10, 1918 (in action during the defense of sector from March 21 to May 12, Battle of Bois de Belleau). Next, Reinhart commanded the 1st Battalion, 17th Field Artillery Regiment (Battle of Soissons, Ypres-Lys, and Meuse-Argonne). He commanded the battalion until the war ended on November 11, 1918 with the signing of the armistice with Germany. Reinhart was awarded the Army Distinguished Service Medal for his actions in combat during World War I.
Between the warsEdit
On August 4, 1919, almost nine months after the war ended, Reinhart returned to the United States, where he married Jeannette Crane of Toledo, Ohio, on May 5, 1920, at West Point, New York. They had a son and daughter.
Between the wars he served three years as an instructor of field artillery tactics at the USMA; four years in the U.S. Army Command and General Staff School and the U.S. Army War College; two years as instructor at the U.S. Army Field Artillery School; three years General Staff with troops in Hawaii; and four years as Treasurer at West Point, New York.
World War IIEdit
As a brigadier general from February 16, 1942, two months after the American entry into World War II, he commanded the artillery of the 25th Infantry Division, defending the shores of Oahu in the Pacific War. On December 6, 1942, Reinhart sailed for Guadalcanal to participate in operations that would ultimately help terminate hostilities there. Ordered home to the United States by the War Department on April 22, 1943, he landed at San Francisco, California on April 26.
From July 1, 1943 until December 18, 1944, Reinhart organized and trained the 65th Infantry Division at Camp Shelby, Mississippi. On January 10, 1945, as the Commanding General (CG) of the 65th, he, with his division, sailed to the European Theater of Operations (ETO). He joined Lieutenant General George Patton's U.S. Third Army at the Sarre River, and fought with it on the Western Front across Germany and Austria.
Under his leadership, the 65th Division managed forced crossings of the Fulda, Werra, Danube, Inn, Traun, and Enns Rivers. His soldiers took the German cities of Saarlautern, Neunkirchen, Oberursel, Friedberg, Hattenback, Bebra, Rottenburg (Bavaria), Treffurt, Langensalza, Neumarkt, Regensburg, and Passau—as well as Schärding, Eferding, Linz, and Enns in Austria. His men captured the German Danube Flotilla and the Hungarian Navy, consisting of 25 armed ships and over 400 other craft.
At the end of combat, Reinhart and the 65th Infantry Division were over 100 miles (160 kilometers) east of a north and south line through Berlin, Germany. Fighting in Europe was to end at midnight on May 8, 1945. By now a major general, Reinhart arrived in Erlauf, a hamlet in Austria, where he met the Soviets and shook hands with his counterpart. In addition to commanding his own troops, Reinhart was soon appointed as military governor of Upper Austria.
Hospitalized on October 15, 1945, Reinhart returned to the United States as a patient on November 15, 1945. On September 30, 1946, he retired from the army after 30 years due to physical disability. He died in 1975.
Awards and honorsEdit
Stanley Reinhart received many military decorations during his career. He also became an honorary member of the Russian Guards.
Major General Reinhart's ribbon bar:
|1st Row||Army Distinguished Service Medal with Oak Leaf Cluster||Silver Star||Legion of Merit|
|2nd Row||Bronze Star Medal with Oak Leaf Cluster||World War I Victory Medal with four Battle Clasps||Army of Occupation of Germany Medal||American Defense Service Medal|
|3rd Row||American Campaign Medal||Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Medal with two service stars||European-African-Middle Eastern Campaign Medal with one service star||World War II Victory Medal|
|4th Row||Army of Occupation Medal||Officer of the Legion of Honor (France)||French Croix de guerre 1914–1918 with Palm||Soviet Order of the Patriotic War, 1st Class|
- The "Angelic" Major General or: Cussing at the Prospect of Combat by Anna Elisabeth Rosmus, published by Old Dominion University in Norfolk, VA, 2010
- Valhalla Finale by Anna Elisabeth Rosmus, published by Dorfmeister in Tittling, Germany, 2009
- Ragnarök by Anna Elisabeth Rosmus published by Dorfmeister in Tittling, Germany, 2010
- 65th Infantry Division Association
- "Right to be Proud: History of the 65th Infantry Division's March Across Germany" (World War II unit history booklet published in 1945)
Newly activated post
| Commanding General 65th Infantry Division
John E. Copeland
Harlan N. Hartnass
| Commanding General 26th Infantry Division
July 1945 – November 1945
Robert W. Grow