St Wilfrid's Church, Harrogate
St Wilfrid's Church, Harrogate is an Anglican parish church in the town of Harrogate, North Yorkshire, England. It is a Grade I listed building, the only such building in Harrogate. It was designed by the architect Temple Lushington Moore and is his most famous work. It is designated as a "Major Parish Church" and is the 38th largest parish church in England.
|St Wilfrid's Church|
|Denomination||Church of England|
|Dedication||St Wilfrid of Ripon|
|Functional status||Parish church|
|Heritage designation||Grade I listed|
|Designated||4 February 1975|
|Parish||St. Wilfrid, Harrogate|
|Archdeaconry||Archdeaconry of Richmond and Craven|
|Diocese||Diocese of Leeds|
|Province||Province of York|
|Bishop(s)||The Rt Revd Tony Robinson (AEO)|
|Rector||Fr Gary Waddington SSC|
|Honorary priest(s)||Fr Tim Burrell|
|Director of music||Anthony Gray|
|Churchwarden(s)||Andrew Haslam and Christine Turner|
The current church building was started in 1904 and the Nave and Baptistry were dedicated for use by 1908. Two sisters, Elizabeth Sophia and Jean Trotter gave large donations to fund the completion. The first gift of £10,000 (equivalent to £942,657 in 2018), allowed the nave to be completed by 1914.
Temple Moore died in 1920 and a bequest from Jean Trotter in 1924 of £32,000 (equivalent to £1,792,726 in 2018), allowed the completion of the north and south transepts. The work was completed in 1927 by Temple Moore's son-in-law, Leslie Moore. In 1928, the organ was installed in the North Transepts.
William Gunn left £9,000 (equivalent to £613,671 in 2018), in his will of 1932 and this allowed the church hall to be built. The hall features a lamella roof, the only example of such a construction in the United Kingdom.
In 1935, the generosity of Sir William Nicholson allowed the Lady Chapel to be built. While most of the work after Temple Moore's death in 1920 had been sympathetic to his sketches, Leslie Moore's design for the Lady Chapel was radically different from the small chapel proposed by this father-in-law.
The church is widely considered to be Temple Moore's greatest work. It subtly dominates the Harrogate skyline, and Pevsner considers it to be "the biggest and by far the best of Harrogate's churches, the masterwork of Temple Moore". Sir Aston Webb highlights its national importance, and goes as far as to say it is "perhaps the most beautiful of all parish churches I know" (Yorkshire Post, 8 June 1935). The church is subject of Sir John Betjeman's poem "Perp. Revival i' the North", in which its elegant grandeur and traditional liturgy are identified. Elsewhere, he remarks how the building seems vast in every direction, enhanced by what he describes as "Edwardian vistas".
Leslie Moore's faithful completion of his father-in-law's masterpiece is a great credit to him. His skill as an architect is further credited by the Church Times for February 24, 1950, which writes "Mr Leslie Moore has outdone his uncle by adding the loveliest part of the building - the Lady Chapel". In a local newspaper, reviewing the dedication of the Lady Chapel, it was described as a "glorious pageant in Christian architecture".
Notable former organists include David Halls. Since the dedication of the building, there has been an uninterrupted choral tradition in the parish. A music foundation was established in 2015 to enhance the musical life of the parish, and improve the musical facilities available.
The Harrison and Harrison organ in the North Transept was installed in 1928 upon completion of this part of the church. Its outline form is based on a 1912 sketch by Temple Moore, with minor alterations by Leslie Moore and Harry Harrison. Due to a lack of funds, no case proper was realised. The instrument was voiced by Arthur Harrison, and is one of the best preserved examples of his work. As such, the organ received Grade II*-listing from the British Institute of Organ Studies.
Due to lack of funds, eight stops, three chests, and one reservoir were not installed in 1928. Generations since have displayed a continuous commitment to the completion of the organ, with additions (mostly sympathetic) in 1942, 1968, 1972, 1982, and 2011. A restoration project is underway, in which the organ will restored, and completed to the 1928 contract, whilst seeking to preserve as much of the later additions to the instrument as possible within the concept envisaged by Arthur Harrison.
St Wilfrid's Church has eight bells, for change-ringing, in the central tower. The heaviest six bells, cast from redundant bells from High Hoyland, were installed in 1973. The [tenor] of the peal weighs 6cwt and 3lbs and is tuned to C. In 1976 two redundant bells were obtained and the ring was increased to eight in 1977.
Additionally there is a Sanctus bell in the South-East tower.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to St Wilfrid's, Harrogate.|
- UK Retail Price Index inflation figures are based on data from Clark, Gregory (2017). "The Annual RPI and Average Earnings for Britain, 1209 to Present (New Series)". MeasuringWorth. Retrieved 27 January 2019.
- "Church of St Wilfrid, Harrogate". British Listed Buildings. Retrieved 19 December 2016.
- The Story of St Wilfrid's church, Harrogate. Third Edition. c. 1950s
- The Parish Church of St Wilfrid, Harrogate. c. 1990s
- Specification of the organ