St Mary Hall, Oxford
St Mary Hall was an academic hall of the University of Oxford. It was associated with Oriel College from 1326 to 1545, but functioned independently from 1545 until it was incorporated into Oriel College in 1902.
|St Mary Hall|
|University of Oxford|
|Established||1326 (as part of Oriel College)|
1545 (as an independent hall)
|Closed||1902 (incorporated into Oriel College)|
|Named for||Church of St Mary the Virgin|
In 1320, when he was appointed rector of the Church of St Mary the Virgin, Adam de Brome was given the rectory house, St. Mary Hall, on the High Street.  St. Mary Hall was acquired by Oriel College in 1326: Bedel Hall, which adjoins St. Mary's to the south, was given by Bishop Carpenter of Worcester in 1455. These two halls, along with St. Martin's Hall, served as annexes for Oriel College.
In the early 16th century, the University's St. Dudley and Dudley exhibitioners were lodged in St Mary Hall and Bedel Hall, and around this time the two halls were united. St. Mary Hall subsequently developed into an independent entity, and in 1545, on the order the Visitor, Bishop Longland of Lincoln, the door between St Mary Hall and Oriel was blocked. The Hall subsequently employed its own lecturers, and the intake of St Mary's was periodically more than that of Oriel.
In 1552, there were 18 members of St. Mary Hall, excluding the Principal. The Principals of St Mary Hall continued to be fellows of Oriel until 1656. By 1875, the size of St.Mary Hall's undergraduate body had risen to 60, a large number for one of the University's colleges at that time.
The Hall was effectively the property of its Principal, who was also Vicar of St Mary's Church. The last Principal, Drummond Percy Chase, who had been appointed in 1857, created an agreement with Oriel as a consequence of which the Hall became the property of Oriel on his death, which subsequently occurred in 1902, when according to the agreement, the Hall was incorporated into Oriel College. Some agreements created when St. Mary Hall were a separate organisation continue to exist: for example, the benefice of the Vicar of St Mary's Church includes dining rights at Oriel.
The present St. Mary's Quad, or 'third quadrangle', of Oriel occupies three ranges of the former buildings of the St. Mary Hall. The Principal's house was demolished for the construction of the Rhodes Building, which was designed by Basil Champneys, and which was completed in 1911.
- Adam de Brome
- 1532–1537 John Rixman
- 1546–1550 Morgan Phillips
- 1556–1561: William Allen, later a Cardinal
- 1656–1660 Thomas Cole
- 1664–1689: Joseph Crowther (died 1689), also Chaplain to the Duke of York
- 1689–1712: William Wyatt (died Nov. 1712)
- 1712–1719: John Hudson
- 1719–1764: William King
- 1764–1801: Thomas Nowell
- 1801–1815: Phineas Pett
- 1815–1833: John Dean (born 1769, died 1833)
- 1833–1848: Renn Dickson Hampden
- 1848–1857: Philip Bliss (born 1787, died 1857)
- 1857–1902: Drummond Percy Chase (born 1820, died 1902)
Notable former studentsEdit
- John Ball (Puritan), BA 1608
- William Henry Charsley, Master of Charsley's Hall, Oxford
- Edward Craggs-Eliot, 1st Baron Eliot, matriculated 1742
- Brajendranath De, of the Indian Civil Service, matriculated 1875
- Thomas Elyot (alleged)
- Thomas Harriot, 16th-century astronomer, mathematician, ethnographer, and translator
- Theodore Hook, matriculated but did not come into residence; author
- Robert Hues, B.A. 1578
- John Hunter, matriculated 1755
- Sir Christopher Hatton, lord chancellor of England
- James Leith Moody, priest (BA, 1840; MA, 1863)
- Henry Newton, diplomat
- Geoffrey Osbaldeston, High Court judge in Ireland, matriculated 1575
- Robert Parsons, leading Jesuit priest
- George Sandys
- John Marston (poet)
- Crossley, Alan (editor), "Churches", A History of the County of Oxford: Volume 4: The City of Oxford (1979) pp. 369–412, Oxford University Press VCH series British History Online ISBN 0-19-722714-7
- Salter H. E. and Lobel, M. D. (editors), "St Mary Hall", A History of the County of Oxford: Volume 3: The University of Oxford (1954) pp. 129–131, Oxford University Press VCH series, ISBN 0-7129-1064-6
- Barbara Harlow, Mia Carter, Archives of Empire: Volume 2. The Scramble for Africa, p. 545
- Rees, D. Ben. "Phillips, Morgan". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/22117. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
- Wright, Stephen. "Cole, Thomas". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/5857. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
- Robert Latham & William Matthews, eds., The Diary of Samuel Pepys: A New and Complete Transcription (2001), p. 83
- Anthony à Wood, Philip Bliss, Athenae Oxonienses, Volume 4, col. 457
- The Oxford University and City Guide, on a New Plan (new edition, 1839), p. 159
- 'Dr John Dean, D.D.' In The Gentleman's Magazine, Volume 153 (1833), pp. 468-469
- M. G. Brock, M. C. Curthoys, The History of the University of Oxford: Nineteenth-Century Oxford, p. 738
- Alan Bell, ‘Bliss, Philip (1787–1857)’, in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (2004), online text (subscription site)
- Brock & Curthoys, p. 329
- Brajendra at indiansaga.com Who's Who: Famous Personalities
- "Entry for Moody, James Leith, in Dictionary of Falklands Biography".
- Hughes-Hughes, W. O. (1893). Entry for Moody, James Leith, in The Register of Tonbridge School from 1820 to 1893. Richard Bentley and Son, London. p. 30.
- Knowles, James. "Marston, John". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/18164. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)