St James's University Hospital
St. James's University Hospital is in Leeds, West Yorkshire, England and is popularly known as Jimmy's being one of the United Kingdom's most famous hospitals, due to its coverage on television. It is managed by the Leeds Teaching Hospitals NHS Trust.
|St James's University Hospital|
|The Leeds Teaching Hospitals NHS Trust|
Main Entrance, St James's University Hospital (Gledhow Wing ahead, Lincoln wing on the left)
|Location||Beckett Street, Leeds, West Yorkshire, England|
|Affiliated university||University of Leeds|
|Opened||1925 replacing the Poor Law Infirmary which had its origin in 1848|
|Lists||Hospitals in England|
The hospital has its origins in the Leeds Moral and Industrial Training School built in 1848 (which now forms part of the Lincoln Wing). Subsequent early developments included the Leeds Union Workhouse (which now houses the Thackray Medical Museum) built in 1858. The chapel, which is a Grade II listed building, was completed in 1861 by the firm of Perkin & Beckhouse, of Leeds, and the Leeds Union Infirmary (the site of the present Gledhow Wing) was built in 1874.
By the end of the 19th century, the facilities were largely used for medical care of the poor, rather than as a workhouse. During the First World War it was called the East Leeds War Hospital, caring for armed services personnel. From 1881 the Medical Superintendent of the Leeds Union Infirmary was Dr James Allen. On his retirement in 1925, the infirmary was renamed St James's Hospital, to honour him, and also Sir James Ford, of the Leeds Board of Guardians, who had overseen the conversion from workhouse to hospital.
The hospital expanded following the creation of the National Health Service in 1948 and the site was redeveloped during the 1960s. It was one of the hospitals investigated in 1967 as a result of the publication of Barbara Robb's book "Sans Everything". Accusations were made against a State Enrolled Nurse including "assaults; the deliberate act of making an elderly female patient inebriated by means of brandy which had been issued to the ward; swearing at patients; mischievously and maliciously squirting spirit onto the bodies of elderly patients in order to give them shocks". There were also allegations of neglect and inefficiency, which were subsequently determined to have been unfounded.
In 1970, following expansion of Leeds School of Medicine, it was renamed St James's University Hospital. The Chancellor's Wing, which included a new Accident and Emergency Department, was opened by the then Chancellor of the University of Leeds, the Duchess of Kent, in February 1972.
A new oncology building, the Bexley Wing, containing the St James's Institute of Oncology (including the Gamma Knife Centre) was procured under a Private Finance Initiative contract in 2004. It was designed by Anshen & Allen and built by Bovis Lend Lease at a cost of £265 million and accepted its first patients in December 2007. It was officially opened by the Princess Royal on 17 July 2008. The building is one of Europe's largest cancer centres, with 1,600 staff and 350 beds.
In 2010, all children's emergency department were moved to Leeds General Infirmary, which meant the loss of this service at St James's. The emergency department at St James's is now just for adults.
All of the hospital buildings except Chancellor's Wing, which was named after the Duchess of Kent, a former Chancellor of the University of Leeds, are named after surrounding streets in the Leeds suburb of Harehills:
- Beckett Wing – Care of the Elderly
- Bexley Wing – Oncology
- Gledhow Wing
- Lincoln Wing
- Chancellor's Wing
The hospital is one of six centres which conduct liver transplants. St James's was the location of the first living-related donor Liver transplantation on the NHS. The University of Leeds has a large presence at the St James's Hospital site with a new molecular medicine centre, the Wellcome Trust Brenner building. There is a notable cystic fibrosis unit in the Gledhow wing which offers specialist inpatient and outpatient services and research, and has its own method of management guidelines called the "Cystic Fibrosis Leeds method of management". The Thackray Medical Museum adjoins the hospital site and is located in the Grade II listed former main building of the Leeds Union Workhouse.
Jimmy's TV seriesEdit
St. James's University Hospital fame derives in part from its extensive television coverage in the documentary series also titled "Jimmy's", produced by Yorkshire Television (YTV) between 1987 and 1996 for ITV.
Leeds Cancer Centre Oncology (Bexley Wing)
- "St James's University Hospital". Leeds Teaching Hospitals NHS Trust. Archived from the original on 3 October 2011. Retrieved 2 August 2010. Confirming name as "St James's"
- Historic England. "St James Hospital Chapel (1256267)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 15 October 2016.
- P. M Pennock Publications of the Thoresby Society, Vol LIX part 2, no 130, pp. 124–76 "The Evolution of St James's 1848–97"
- "Part 4 of Findings and Recommendations Following Enquiries into Allegations Concerning the Care of Elderly Patients in Certain Hospitals". Cmnd. 3687. HMSO. July 1968. Retrieved 13 May 2015.
- "St James's University Hospital". Leodis. Retrieved 22 April 2018.
- "Firms usher in new PFI era with credit guarantee scheme". Law Society Gazette. 29 October 2004. Retrieved 22 April 2018.
- "The Bexley Wing St James Institute of Oncology". John Cooper Architecture. Retrieved 22 April 2018.
- "Royal Opening for Cancer Centre". Yorkshire Post. 18 July 2008. Retrieved 22 April 2018.
- "Children's A&E services relocate". BBC News. 20 April 2010. Retrieved 6 January 2015.
- "Hospital site map" (PDF). St James's University Hospital. Retrieved 22 April 2018.
- "First NHS live liver transplant". BBC. 2 July 2007. Retrieved 22 April 2018.
- "Leeds Institute of Biomedical and Clinical Sciences". Retrieved 22 April 2018.
- Litlewood, James (2009). "The history of Cystic Fibrosis". Cystic Fibrosis Medicine. Retrieved 15 October 2016.
- Historic England. "St James Hospital Northside Building (1256272)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 28 October 2016.
- "Jimmy's (TV series)". British Film Institute. Retrieved 22 April 2018.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to St James's University Hospital.|
- Hospital website
- Historic England. "The chapel (1858–61), Grade II listed (1256267)". National Heritage List for England.
- Historic England. "Former Poor Law Infirmary (1872–74), Grade II listed (1256271)". National Heritage List for England.
- Historic England. "Former Moral and Industrial Training School (1848), Grade II listed (1256275)". National Heritage List for England.
- Gray, Nick (31 January 2010). ""Jimmy's": the rise of the docusoap and the fall of YTV" (pdf). "No Such" Research. Retrieved 15 June 2010. (paper by Deviser/Producer/Director of TV series)