St. Christopher's Cathedral, Manuka

St Christopher’s Cathedral, officially The Cathedral of St Christopher,[2] is the main place of Roman Catholic worship[3] and the seat of the Archbishop of the Archdiocese of Canberra and Goulburn, in the city of Canberra, in the Australian Capital Territory, Australia.[4][5]

St Christopher’s Cathedral
The Cathedral of St Christopher
Canberra StChristopherCathedral.JPG
St Christopher’s Cathedral is located in Australian Capital Territory
St Christopher’s Cathedral
St Christopher’s Cathedral
35°19′08″S 149°07′58″E / 35.31896°S 149.13271°E / -35.31896; 149.13271Coordinates: 35°19′08″S 149°07′58″E / 35.31896°S 149.13271°E / -35.31896; 149.13271
Location55 Franklin Street, Forrest/Manuka, Australian Capital Territory
CountryAustralia
DenominationRoman Catholic
Websitecg.org.au/cathedral/
History
Former name(s)St Christopher's Church
StatusCathedral
Founded
  • 1927; 92 years ago (1927)
    (as St Christopher's Church)
  • 8 May 1938; 81 years ago (1938-05-08)[1]
    (as St Christopher's Cathedral)
Founder(s)
DedicationSaint Christopher
Consecrated5 February 1948 (1948-02-05)
Architecture
Functional statusActive
Heritage designationACT Heritage Register
Designated1998
Architect(s)
  • Clement Glancy (Snr.)
  • Clement Glancy (Jnr.)
Architectural typeSpanish Romanesque
Specifications
Capacityc. 1,000 worshippers
Other dimensionsOrgan: Hill, Norman & Beard
Administration
ArchdioceseCanberra and Goulburn
Clergy
ArchbishopMost Rev. Christopher Prowse[2]
Priest(s)Fr Andrew Lotton (acting)

The Cathedral of St Christopher is located in the suburb of Forrest, but in the local centre known as Manuka.

HistoryEdit

St Christopher's was built as the first parish church in Canberra by the first priest, Father Patrick Haydon, although the beginnings of Catholic life in the district go back to 1862 when the Diocese of Goulburn was erected.[6] The parish was originally part of St Gregory's Parish, Queanbeyan, until 1912. Following the erection of the Diocese of Wagga Wagga in 1918, the parish was transferred to the Diocese of Goulburn.[7]

A foundation stone was laid by Archbishop Kelly in 1927 for a church and school. The following year St Christopher's became an independent parish with the first classes taught in the adjacent school, and the open day attended by the Prime Minister, Bruce. Father Patrick Haydon was appointed as parish priest of the new St Christopher's Parish at Manuka in 1928.[1] In 1930 a large cathedral was proposed for the site behind Regatta Point, but economic circumstances and World War II made this impractical.[8] A foundation stone for the cathedral was laid in 1938 by Archbishop of Sydney Gilroy in a ceremony which included Joseph Lyons and James Scullin. The choice of St Christopher as patron saint was selected on the basis that Canberra would be a place to which many travellers would come. In the presence of Robert Menzies, the Apostolic Delegate, Archbishop Panico, opened the parish church in 1939.[6]

Haydon oversaw the building of a convent and school, opened in 1928, and the first stage of St Christopher's Cathedral which was completed in 1939. The Catholic community had intended to build a full cathedral on Commonwealth Avenue but their plans were never realised as the Great Depression took away the ability to raise funds for the project and the impetus was never regained.[1]

The first ordination in St Christopher's Church took place in 1947 when Vivian Morrison, the son of the pioneering Morrison family (who donated the tower and bells of the extended cathedral) of Tralee Queanbeyan, was ordained to the priesthood.[6] The following year, the Archdiocese of Canberra (and Goulburn) was created and St Christopher's became a pro-cathedral.

When Archbishop Eris O'Brien took up residence in Canberra it became a co-cathedral with St Peter and St Paul, Goulburn. St Christopher's was extended to twice its size, holding 1,000 worshippers. This work, which retained the stained glass windows of the original church, was completed in 1973 according to plans developed by Clement Glancy, son of the original architect. The plans for the enlarged church included the bell tower, Blessed Sacrament Chapel, large sacristies and a crypt. The extensions were consecrated by Archbishop Cahill and the extended St Christopher's became the cathedral church of the Archdiocese of Canberra and Goulburn, superseding St Peter and St Paul, Goulburn.[6][7][9] In June 2008, under the direction of Archbishop Mark Coleridge, the cathedral was refurbished to mark the diamond jubilee of the archdiocese. The cathedral has had three Catholic prime ministers as regular parishioners; Scullin, Lyons and Frank Forde.[6][10]

The present pipe organ was built by Hill, Norman & Beard from Melbourne and was used by St James' Anglican Church, King Street, Sydney, while their organ was being rebuilt. Its size was doubled when installed on the gallery in 1972. There are 1,100 wood and metal pipes contained in two cases on either side of the rose window.[7]

In 1998 the Cathedral was listed on the ACT Heritage Register by the ACT Heritage Council.[11]

In 2010 it was reported that the archdiocese planned to commence a A$35 million redevelopment of the precinct surrounding St Christopher's Cathedral, to include church offices and aged care units.[12][13] In subsequent media reports, the diocese entered into an agreement with the ACT Government to exchange land held by the church in Braddon to partially fund the redevelopment of the cathedral site. However, a proposed listing of St Patrick's Church in Braddon on the register of the Heritage Council may mean that the redevelopment may not proceed.[14]

Archbishops Eris O'Brien and Thomas Cahill are buried in the crypt of the cathedral.[15][16]

OverviewEdit

Members of the Parliament of Australia often have their year opening prayers at St Christopher's or St. Paul's, usually in February during the first sitting period.[17] St Christopher's also hosts significant national and diocesan services for the national capital. These include major ecumenical services, because St Chistopher's is the largest church in the national capital of any Christian denomination.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c "History of the Parish". St Christopher's Cathedral Parish. Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Canberra and Goulburn. 2008. Retrieved 10 May 2019.
  2. ^ a b "St Christopher's Cathedral in Manuka". GCatholic.org. 29 April 2019. Retrieved 10 May 2019.
  3. ^ Rosa, Maria (15 March 2014). To Hell and Back: The Life Story of an Austrian World War II Survivor. Maria Rosa. ISBN 9780996035927.
  4. ^ Pictorial History Canberra. Kingsclear Books Pty Ltd. 1 January 2000. ISBN 9780908272655.
  5. ^ Australian National Bibliography. National Library Australia. 1 January 1978.
  6. ^ a b c d e "History". St Christopher’s Cathedral Parish. 2008. Retrieved 1 October 2011.
  7. ^ a b c "St Christopher's Catholic Cathedral". Organ Historical Trust of Australia. 2007. Retrieved 1 October 2011.
  8. ^ D. Flannery, In pursuit of a Catholic Cathedral for Canberra: a history of the 'Cathedral Hill' site, Journal of the Australian Catholic Historical Society 24 (2003), 31-43.
  9. ^ "St Christopher's Roman Catholic Cathedral". Heritage walks. The Twentieth Century Heritage Society of NSW Inc. 2011. Retrieved 1 October 2011.
  10. ^ "Religion: Chif's chair". Exhibitions: Building a new life. National Museum of Australia. Retrieved 1 October 2011.
  11. ^ "20099. St Christopher's Cathedral Precinct (Entry to the ACT Heritage Register)" (PDF). ACT Heritage Council. 26 June 1998. Retrieved 16 March 2014.
  12. ^ "Development planned for Canberra cathedral precinct". CathNews. Australia. 29 June 2010. Archived from the original on 6 April 2012. Retrieved 1 October 2011.
  13. ^ "Precinct planning picks up pace". Catholic Voice. Australia. 2010. Archived from the original on 1 April 2012. Retrieved 1 October 2011.
  14. ^ "Church to appeal heritage listing". ABC Canberra. Australia. 13 July 2011. Retrieved 1 October 2011.
  15. ^ Johnston, Elizabeth (2000). "O'Brien, Eris Michael (1895–1974)". Australian Dictionary of Biography. National Centre of Biography, Australian National University. Retrieved 1 October 2011.
  16. ^ Maher, Brian (1993). "Cahill, Thomas Vincent (1913–1978)". Australian Dictionary of Biography. National Centre of Biography, Australian National University. Retrieved 1 October 2011.
  17. ^ [1] Archived December 11, 2004, at the Wayback Machine

External linksEdit