St. Louis Fire Department
The St. Louis Fire Department (STLFD) provides fire protection and emergency medical services to the city of St. Louis, Missouri. The department is also the second oldest paid fire department in the United States. The STLFD is responsible for 70.0 square miles (181 km2) and has a population of approximately 308,626 with a daytime population over 2 million and with events going on. The department is a division of the Public Safety Department - City of St. Louis.
|Established||September 14, 1857|
|Annual calls||114,000 (2019)|
|Annual budget||$60,305,664 mil.USD [FY 2020] |
|EMS level||ALS & BLS|
|Facilities and equipment|
The St. Louis Fire Department is led by the Fire Commissioner, currently Dennis Jenkerson. The Fire Commissioner is appointed by the Mayor and Each bureau is commanded by a Deputy Fire Commissioner, who oversees the department's bureaus. There are five bureaus under the Deputy Fire Commissioner: Administrative Services, Fire Prevention, Operations , Support Services, Emergency Medical Services.
The first organized fire department in St. Louis was created in 1822, had several volunteer fire departments in the area. An ordinance was passed to purchase the equipment, which primarily consisted of leather buckets. When the alarm sounded, members of the department would fetch their bucket and rush to the scene. On September 14, 1857 the department transitioned to an all paid department. The St. Louis Fire Department is the second oldest fire department, second only to Cincinnati.
In addition to fire suppression and emergency medical services, the St. Louis Fire Department also has specialized units which include:
- Aircraft Rescue Firefighting at St. Louis Lambert International Airport
- Hazmat Task Force
- Marine Operations with a Boston Whaler called the "Jack Buck," which is permanently moored on the Mississippi River, along with several other small *Rapidly deployable boats.
- Dive & Swift Water Rescue
- High-Angle Rope Rescue
- Trench & Collapse Rescue
The SLFD'S's organization consists of Five bureaus. These include: Each bureau is commanded by a Deputy Fire Commissioner.
- Bureau of Administrative Services
- Bureau of Fire Prevention
- Bureau of Operations
- Bureau of Support Services
- Bureau of Emergency Medical Services
Ranks of the STLFDEdit
In the St. Louis Fire Department, helmet colors often denote a fire fighter's rank or position. In general, white helmets denote chief officers, while red helmets may denote company officers, but the specific meaning of a helmet's color or style varies from region to region and department to department. The rank of an officer in St. Louis Fire Department is most commonly denoted by a number of speaking trumpets, a reference to a megaphone like device used in the early days of the fire service, although typically called "bugle" in today's parlance. Ranks proceed from one (lieutenant) to five (fire chief) bugles.
||Battalion Chief/District Chief
||Division Chief or Assistant /Deputy Assistant
|Deputy Fire Chief/Commissioner
|| Fire Chief/Commissioner
- Note: In place of Bugle(s) Captains and Lieutenants assigned to: Ladder Companies are signified by axe(s), Rescue Companies by Life gun(s), Squad Companies by crossed Ladder(s) and Stacked Tip Nozzle(s) and Marine Companies by Bugle(s) with Anchor.
From May 17, 1849, to Jul 12th, 2017, the Supporting Heroes Page reported that 169 Firefighters in the St. Louis Fire Department died in the line of duty,
As of 2013 there are four small fireboats operated in St. Louis. The largest two are named. The 27 feet (8.2 m) Jack Buck was commissioned in 2003 and the 44 feet (13 m) Stan Musial in 2013.
Great Fire of 1849Edit
On May 17, 1849, at 9:00 p.m. an enormous fire broke out in the heart of St. Louis. A steamboat named "The White Cloud" sitting on Cherry Street was on fire. The Fire Department, which at that time consisted of 9 hand engines and hose reels, responded to the scene. The moorings holding the boat broke and the steamer floated down stream setting 22 other steamers on fire as it went.
The flames leaped from building to building sweeping everything on the levee for four blocks. The Firemen, after fighting for over eight hours, were completely exhausted. The entire business portion of the city appeared lost. In a last ditch effort to save the city, 6 buildings were spread with explosive powder and blown up. When the fire was finally contained after 11 hours, 430 buildings were destroyed, 23 steamboats along with over a dozen other boats were lost and 3 people had died including a Fire Captain.
Stations and apparatusEdit
St Louis Airport Fire StationEdit
The St. Louis Fire Department also provides structural fire protection, emergency medical services, rescue response, and aircraft rescue firefighting at St. Louis Lambert International Airport from two fire stations located at the airport.
- "Public Safety: Department Responsibilities" (PDF). Board of Aldermen. February 15, 2017. p. 153. Retrieved June 30, 2016.
- "About". St. Louis Fire Department. Retrieved 26 May 2015.
- "2015 Budget" (PDF). St. Louis. Retrieved 26 May 2015.
- "Fire Suppression". St. Louis Fire Department. Retrieved 26 May 2015.
- "St. Louis Fire Department". St. Louis Fire Department. Retrieved 26 May 2015.
- "Fire Department". stlouis-mo.gov.
- American, Chris King Of the St Louis. "Promotions under Jenkerson heavily favor South Side whites". St. Louis American. Retrieved 10 July 2019.
- "Volunteer Department". St. Louis Fire Department. Retrieved 26 May 2015.
- "History". St. Louis Fire Department. Retrieved 26 May 2015.
- "About us - St. Louis Fire Department". St. Louis Fire Department. Retrieved 27 Nov 2016.
- "St. Louis Fire Department to be featured on A&E's 'Live Rescue' Monday night". KSDK.
- "Saint Louis Fire Department (MO)". Supporting Heroes. April 27, 2016.
- Brett Blume (2012-05-24). "New Rescue Boats To Patrol St. Louis Riverfront". CBS News. Archived from the original on 2012-06-03. Retrieved 2013-09-30.
"St. Louis Fire Department names newest marine unit "The Stan Musial"". Fox News. 2013-09-29. Archived from the original on 2013-09-30.
The St. Louis Fire Department bought the boat, because of the growth of the St. Louis inland ports, which is now the third largest port in the United States.
Bob Hamilton (2013-09-29). "St. Louis Fire Department Getting New Boat". CBS News. Archived from the original on 2013-09-30. Retrieved 2013-09-30.
It can pump up to 7,000 gallons of water or fire-suppressing foam per minute and can fight fires even while it’s moving.
- "Great Fire". St. Louis Fire Department. Retrieved 26 May 2015.
- "Station Locations". St. Louis Fire Department. Retrieved 26 May 2015.