Plaza Hotel: Difference between revisions

The Plaza Hotel became associated with celebrities and the wealthy upon its opening, surpassing the original Waldorf Astoria in that respect.<ref name="Satow ch. 1">{{harvnb|Satow|2019|ps=.|loc=chapter 1}}</ref><ref>{{cite book|last=Groth|first=Paul|url=https://books.google.com/books?id=iISubnikC2kC|title=Living Downtown: The History of Residential Hotels in the United States|publisher=University of California Press|year=1994|isbn=978-0-520-06876-6|location=|page=42}}</ref> The Palm Court (then the tea room), with its mostly female guest list, was particularly frequented. Weeks after the hotel's 1907 opening, actress [[Mrs Patrick Campbell]] attempted to smoke there, and the resulting controversy boosted the Plaza's stature.<ref name="NYCL p. 57" /><ref name="Harris p. 66, 68">{{harvnb|Harris|1981|ps=.|pp=66, 68}}</ref> In January 1908, crowds flocked to see heiress [[Gladys Vanderbilt Széchenyi|Gladys Vanderbilt]] and her fiance, Hungarian count [[László Széchenyi]], have tea while Theodora Shonts arrived with her fiance [[Emmanuel d'Albert de Luynes]], the [[Duke of Chaulnes]].<ref name="NYCL p. 15" /><ref>{{Cite news|date=January 12, 1908|title=Crush to See Brides Who'll Wear Titles; Throng of Women at the Plaza Jams Corridors, Men's Cafe, and Grill. Duke and Count on View With Miss Theodora Shonts and Miss Gladys Vanderbilt, Whom They Are Soon to Wed|language=en-US|work=The New York Times|url=https://www.nytimes.com/1908/01/12/archives/crush-to-see-brides-wholl-wear-titles-throng-of-women-at-the-plaza.html|url-status=live|access-date=November 27, 2020|issn=0362-4331}}</ref><ref name="Brown p. 174">{{harvnb|Brown|1967|ps=.|p=174}}</ref> That year, the ''New York World'' dubbed the hotel the "Home-for-the-Incurably Opulent".<ref name="NPS p. 8">{{harvnb|National Park Service|1978|ps=.|p=8}}</ref><ref name="Harris p. 66">{{harvnb|Harris|1981|ps=.|p=66}}</ref> By 1909, the Palm Court was consistently exceeding its 350-person capacity.<ref name="NYCL p. 15" /><ref>{{Cite news|date=April 25, 1909|title=Society's Latest Fad--Tearooms|language=en-US|work=The New York Times|url=https://www.nytimes.com/1909/04/25/archives/societys-latest-fadtearooms.html|url-status=live|access-date=November 28, 2020|issn=0362-4331}}</ref>
 
During the 1920s, the basement's grill room was a popular meeting place for young adults born during the [[Lost Generation]].<ref name="Harris p. 67">{{harvnb|Harris|1981|ps=.|p=67}}</ref> The Oak Room was frequented by actor [[George M. Cohan]], and a commemorative plaque for Cohan was installed in the room in the 1940s after his death.<ref name="NYCL p. 15" /><ref name="Gathje p. 78">{{harvnb|Gathje|2000|ps=.|p=78}}</ref><ref>{{Cite news|date=March 11, 1943|title=Plaque to Honor Cohan, Harris|language=en-US|work=The New York Times|url=https://www.nytimes.com/1943/03/11/archives/plaque-to-honor-cohan-harris.html|url-status=live|access-date=November 28, 2020|issn=0362-4331}}</ref> The Persian Room was popular with the "cafe society", being frequented by socialites and fashion trendsetters.<ref name="Satow ch. 6" /> [[Eddy Duchin]] and [[Hildegarde]] were among the roomPersian Room's early performers,<ref name="Harris p. 104">{{harvnb|Harris|1981|ps=.|p=104}}</ref> and it later attracted others such as [[Eartha Kitt]], [[Peggy Lee]], and [[Liza Minnelli]].<ref name="Horsley" /> By the 1970s, the Persian Room hosted performances from pop singers like [[Robert Goulet]] and [[Dusty Springfield]].<ref name="Satow ch. 10" />
 
The hotel has also been popular among world leaders, particularly presidents of the United States. The first of these was [[Theodore Roosevelt]], the 26th U.S. president, who moved his [[Republican Party (United States)|Republican Party]]'s events to the Plaza Hotel from the [[Fifth Avenue Hotel]] after the closure of the formerlatter in 1908.<ref name="Harris pp. 109-110">{{harvnb|Harris|1981|ps=.|pp=109–110}}</ref> Theodore Roosevelt's distant cousin, president [[Franklin D. Roosevelt]], had his birthday luncheon in the Palm Court in 1935.<ref name="NYCL p. 58">{{harvnb|Landmarks Preservation Commission|2005|ps=.|p=58 (PDF p.&nbsp;59)}}</ref><ref>{{Cite news|date=January 31, 1935|title=Gay Pageant Here Honors President|language=en-US|work=The New York Times|url=https://www.nytimes.com/1935/01/31/archives/gay-pageant-here-honors-president-ball-at-the-waldorf-is-central.html|url-status=live|access-date=November 30, 2020|issn=0362-4331}}</ref> Other U.S. presidents who frequented the hotel's guestrooms or restaurants have included [[William Howard Taft]], [[Harry S. Truman]], and [[Richard Nixon]],<ref name="NYCL p. 58" /><ref name="Harris p. 110">{{harvnb|Harris|1981|ps=.|p=110}}</ref> as well as onetime owner Donald Trump.<ref name="nyt20190607" /> For other world leaders, the Plaza Hotel kept a series of national flags, which were displayed whenever a foreign head of state visited.<ref name="Harris p. 110" /> The Plaza Hotel has additionally been used for diplomacy, as in September 1985, the finance ministers of several countries signed the [[Plaza Accord]] at the hotel, which [[Currency appreciation and depreciation|depreciated]] the [[United States dollar|U.S. dollar]] in relation to other currencies.<ref>{{cite book|last=Funabashi|first=Yōichi|url=https://books.google.com/books?id=wuZgDwAAQBAJ&pg=PA263|title=Managing the Dollar: From the Plaza to the Louvre|publisher=Institute for International Economics|year=1989|isbn=978-0-88132-097-8|series=Books / Institute for international economics|pages=261–271}}</ref>
 
=== Receptions ===