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* [[Osborne Apartments]]
{{Use mdy dates|date=August 2019}}
{{Short description|Residential building in Manhattan, New York}}
{{Infobox building
| name = The Osborne
| image = The Osborne Apartments, NYC, September 2015.JPG
| image_caption = (2015)
| building_type = [[Housing cooperative]]
| architectural_style = [[Italian Renaissance|Italian-Renaissance]]
| structural_system = Masonry bearing wall; steel-framed attic
| address = 205 West [[57th Street (Manhattan)|57th Street]]
| location_town = New York City
| location_country = United States
| coordinates = {{coord|40|45|57|N|73|58|48|W|region:US-NY_type:landmark_dim:4km|display=inline,title}}
| start_date = 1883
| completion_date = 1885
| renovation_date = 1906
| floor_count = 11 <small>(front)</small> <br> 15 <small>(rear)</small>
| main_contractor = Thomas Osborne
| architect = [[James Edward Ware]]
{{Infobox NRHP
| embed = yes
| added = April 22, 1993
| refnum = 93000333<ref>{{NRISref|2009a}}</ref>
| designated_other2_name = NYC Landmark
| designated_other2_date = August 13, 1991
| designated_other2_abbr = NYCL
| designated_other2_link = New York City Landmarks Preservation Commission
| designated_other2_number = 1770
| designated_other2_color = #ffe978
'''The Osborne''' is an historic apartment building at 205 West [[57th Street (Manhattan)|57th Street]] at the corner of [[Seventh Avenue (Manhattan)|Seventh Avenue]], in [[Midtown Manhattan]], [[New York City]]. The Osborne was designed and built by [[James Edward Ware]] from 1883 to 1885 and expanded with an annex to the west in 1906, designed by Alfred S. G. Taylor and Julien Clarence Levi. The building's namesake was the stone contractor Thomas Osborne, who erected it as a speculative investment.<ref>The most extensive description of the Osborne is Andrew Alpern's essay in ''Luxury Apartment Houses of Manhattan, An Illustrated History,'' (Dover Publications, New York), 1992.</ref>
It was made a [[New York City landmark]] in 1991, and was added to the [[National Register of Historic Places]] in 1993.
== Site ==
The Osborne is on the northwest corner of 57th Street and [[Seventh Avenue (Manhattan)|Seventh Avenue]], [[wikt:cater-corner|cater-corner]] from [[Carnegie Hall]]. It faces [[Rodin Studios]] immediately to the south, across 57th Street; [[Alwyn Court]] and the [[Louis H. Chalif Normal School of Dancing]] to the east, across Seventh Avenue; [[200 Central Park South|200]] and [[220 Central Park South]] to the north, across 58th Street; and the [[Art Students League of New York]], [[American Fine Arts Society]], and [[Central Park Tower]] to the west.<ref name="NYCityMap">{{Cite web|last=|first=|date=|title=NYCityMap|url=|url-status=live|archive-url=|archive-date=|access-date=March 20, 2020||publisher=[[New York City Department of Information Technology and Telecommunications]]}}</ref>
== Design ==
The Osborne was designed with 11 stories on the southern [[elevation (architecture)|elevation]] on 57th Street, containing the parade rooms of the apartments—foyers, parlors, dining rooms, with {{convert|14|ft|adj=on}} ceilings—and 14 stories on the back, where bedrooms and private baths were either up or down a flight of seven steps, and the ceilings were just over {{convert|8|ft}} high. In 1891, the 11th-floor attic, which occupied the southern section of the building only, was extended to the north edge of the building to provide additional servants' quarters, making it 15 stories in the rear.
=== Facade ===
The building has a [[Rustication (architecture)|rusticated]] [[brownstone]] cladding.<ref>{{cite web|last=Dolkart|first=Andrew S.|title=The Architecture and Development of New York City|url=|quote=Loosely modeled on an Italian-Renaissance [[Palazzo|palace]]}}</ref><ref>{{cite news|last=Gray|first=Christopher|authorlink=Christopher Gray|date=February 6, 1994|title=Streetscapes – The Osborne; Restoring a Stone Dealer's Idiosyncratic Building|newspaper=[[The New York Times]]|url=|quote=this huge clunky mass neatly defeats stylistic description, and it is really the vernacular of the practical building, quite innocent of esthetic pretension}}</ref> Three [[modillion]]ed cornices divide the height into three broad horizontal bandings. A two-story [[attic (architecture)|attic]], added for servants' quarters in 1891, is capped with a cornice. The original building is constructed of masonry bearing walls tapering in thickness from {{Convert|4.5|ft||abbr=}} at the base to {{Convert|1.5|ft||abbr=}} at the top. The 1906 annex is constructed of steel-framing behind brick and brownstone [[curtain wall (architecture)|curtain walls]].
Its range of street-level [[storefront]]s is broken at the center of the main, 57th Street front by its entrance. The unusually richly decorated lobby, in [[American Renaissance]] taste, has stuccoed and mosaic-tiled walls, floors that mix tile mosaics and slabs of varicolored Italian marble. Complementary marble was used for the wainscoting and carved marble recesses with benches. Mosaics and glazed terracotta "Della Robbia" panels cover the walls and ceilings in rich hues of red, blue and gold leaf.<ref>Whitaker, Barbara (October 12, 1997) "Habitats/The Osborne, 205 West 57th Street", ''[[The New York Times]]''</ref> with contributions by [[Augustus Saint-Gaudens]], the great sculptor of the [[American Renaissance]], the muralist [[John La Farge]], glass by [[Tiffany Studios]] and French designer [[Jacob Adolphus Holzer]].<ref>[ City Realty: The Osborne]</ref>
=== Interior ===
About half of the spacious [[Gilded Age]] apartments, originally just four per floor, in a variety of spatial configurations with separate servant quarters, have been subdivided since World War I. Floors are of [[parquet]] with banded edgings, fireplaces richly carved with tiled surrounds. Insulated walls thirty inches thick insulate apartments from neighbors' noise.
== Notable residents ==
*[[Dana Andrews]], actor<ref name="NYCL p. 7" />
*[[Leonard Bernstein]], composer/conductor, owned apartment 4B, also rented a studio apartment where he worked<ref name=short-bernstein>{{cite news| url = | title=Bobby Short and Leonard Bernstein Home on the Market| first= Candace| last=Taylor| work = [[The Real Deal (magazine)|The Real Deal]] | date=May 11, 2009| accessdate= August 19, 2014}}</ref>
*[[Peter Beard]], artist, photographer<ref>{{cite news|url= | title= Leggy model suing photographer Peter Beard and wife| first=Richard |last=Johnson | date= July 25, 2014 | work=[[New York Post]] | accessdate=August 19, 2014}}</ref>
*[[Shirley Booth]], actress<ref name="NYCL p. 7">{{harvnb|Landmarks Preservation Commission|1991|ps=.|p=7}}</ref><ref name=faith />
*[[Hortense Calisher]], writer<ref name=faith />
*[[Jessica Chastain]], two-time Academy Award-nominated actress, owns 4B, Bernstein's former apartment<ref>{{cite news|author=Budion, Jeremiah| url = |title=Jessica Chastain Buys Leonard Bernstein's Former Co-op |work=Curbed |date=March 11, 2015}}</ref>
*[[Van Cliburn]], pianist<ref name="NYCL p. 7" />
*[[Gary Graffman]], American classical pianist<ref>[[Janet Malcolm|Malcolm, Janet]] (September 5, 2016) [ "Yuja Wang and the Art of Performance"], ''[[The New Yorker]]''</ref>
*[[Phil Jackson]], [[New York Knicks]] basketball team executive<ref>{{cite news |author=Clarke, Katherine|title=Slamdunk: Knicks president Phil Jackson drops $4.85M on Midtown pad |newspaper=[[New York Daily News]] |date=August 15, 2014|url= }}</ref>
*[[Leo Lerman]], writer and editor<ref name=faith />
*[[Ira Levin]], novelist<ref name=short-bernstein />
*[[Elinor Lipman]], novelist<ref>Alleman, Richard (2005) ''New York: the Movie Lover's Guide : the Ultimate Insider Tour of Movie New York''. New York: Broadway.</ref>
*[[Sylvia Miles]], actress<ref name=faith />
*[[Alice Nielsen]], Broadway performer and opera singer<ref name="NYCL p. 7" />
*[[Robert Osborne]], [[Turner Classic Movies|TCM]] host<ref>Sandomir, Richard (March 6, 2017) [ "Robert Osborne, Turner Classic Movies Host, Dies at 84"], ''[[The New York Times]]''</ref>
*[[Charles Osgood]], newscaster<ref>{{cite web | url = | title= Charles Osgood at the Osborne, Estate of the Day| date= April 28, 2009| first= Deidre| last= Woollard | | archiveurl = | archivedate= April 30, 2009}}</ref>
*[[Tom Poston]], actor<ref name="NYCL p. 7" /><ref name=faith />
*[[Lynn Redgrave]], actress and her husband [[John Clark (actor)|John Clark]]<ref name="NYCL p. 7" /><ref name=faith />
*[[Bobby Short]], singer, moved to apartment 4B in the 1970s, and lived there for 14 years<ref name=short-bernstein />
*[[Faith Stewart-Gordon]], owner of the [[Russian Tea Room]]<ref name=faith />
*[[Larry Storch]], actor, lived in apartment 4B immediately after Leonard Bernstein<ref name=short-bernstein />
*[[Blanche Thebom]], opera singer and director<ref name="NYCL p. 7" /><ref name=faith />
*[[André Watts]], pianist<ref name=faith>Stewart-Gordon, Faith (1999). ''The Russian Tea Room: A Love Story''. New York: Scribner. {{ISBN|0-684-85981-5}}.</ref>
*[[Dane Clark]], actor, learned about apartment 6B through Leonard Bernstein in 1960, and lived there until 1994.{{citation needed|date=April 2020}}
*[[Maury Yeston]], composer, lyricist, educator and musicologist{{citation needed|date=March 2019}}
*[[Gig Young]], American actor{{citation needed|date=April 2020}}
== See also ==
*[[National Register of Historic Places listings in Manhattan from 14th to 59th Streets]]
*[[List of New York City Designated Landmarks in Manhattan from 14th to 59th Streets]]
== References ==
=== Sources ===
* {{cite web|date=August 13, 1991|title=Osborne Apartments|url=|publisher=[[New York City Landmarks Preservation Commission]]|ref={{harvid|Landmarks Preservation Commission|1991}}}}
* {{cite web|date=April 22, 1993|title=Historic Structures Report: Osborne Apartments|url=|publisher=[[National Register of Historic Places]], [[National Park Service]]|ref={{harvid|National Park Service|1993}}}}
== External links ==
{{commonscat|Osborne Apartments}}
* [ The Osborne] at CityRealty
* [ The Osborne] on ''The New York Songlines''
{{Midtown North, Manhattan}}
{{National Register of Historic Places in New York|state=collapsed}}
{{DEFAULTSORT:Osborne, The}}
[[Category:1885 establishments in New York (state)]]
[[Category:57th Street (Manhattan)]]
[[Category:Apartment buildings in New York City]]
[[Category:Condominiums and housing cooperatives in Manhattan]]
[[Category:Midtown Manhattan]]
[[Category:New York City Designated Landmarks in Manhattan]]
[[Category:Renaissance Revival architecture in New York City]]
[[Category:Residential buildings completed in 1885]]
[[Category:Residential buildings in Manhattan]]
[[Category:Residential buildings on the National Register of Historic Places in Manhattan]]
[[Category:Residential skyscrapers in Manhattan]]
[[Category:Seventh Avenue (Manhattan)]]