240 Central Park South: Difference between revisions

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240 Central Park South was designed by Mayer & Whittlesey, a partnership between [[Albert Mayer (planner)|Albert Mayer]] and [[Julian Whittlesey]].<ref name="NPS p. 3" /><ref>{{Cite aia5|page=308}}</ref> [[Cynthia Wiley]] and [[Eleanor Robertson Paepcke]] were the landscape architects.<ref name="NYCL pp. 4-5">{{harvnb|Landmarks Preservation Commission|2002|ps=.|pp=4–5}}</ref><ref name="NPS p. 14">{{harvnb|National Park Service|2009|ps=.|p=14}}</ref><ref name="nyht19400630">{{cite news|date=June 30, 1940|title=Rooftop Trees Planned on New Midtown House: Setbacks of 28-Story Tower Building on Park Border to Become Sky Gardens New Shops to Support Flower Gardens|page=C4|work=New York Herald Tribune|url=https://search.proquest.com/docview/1243039110|url-access=subscription|access-date=October 19, 2020|id={{ProQuest|1243039110}}|via=ProQuest}}</ref> The building was constructed by the J. H. Taylor Construction Company and managed by the J. H. Taylor Management Corporation; both companies were operated by the Mayer family.<ref name="NYCL p. 2">{{harvnb|Landmarks Preservation Commission|2002|ps=.|p=2}}</ref><ref name="NPS p. 9">{{harvnb|National Park Service|2009|ps=.|p=9}}</ref> Sarah Tobias, renting manager of J. H. Taylor Management Corporation, was involved in the inclusion of interior design elements.<ref name="nyht19400501">{{cite news|date=May 1, 1940|title=Woman Plays Big Part in Building Job: Influenced Plan Details of New 28-Story House on Central Park South Apartment House Covers Acre Site Structure Will Contain 1,000 Rooms, Accommodate 325 Families|pages=C1, C4|work=New York Herald Tribune|url=https://search.proquest.com/docview/1243155284|url-access=subscription|access-date=October 19, 2020|id={{ProQuest|1243155284}}|via=ProQuest}}</ref> Various contractors were hired for the windows, materials, elevators, floor and wall coverings, furnishings, hardware, electrical installation, plumbing, and heating and air conditioning.<ref>{{harvnb|Architectural Forum|1941|ps=.|p=319 (PDF p. 63)}}</ref>
=== Form ===
[[File:Columbus Circle area Oct 2020 19.jpg|thumb|left|The two apartment blocks that make up 240 Central Park South as seen from Broadway]]
The layouts of the units vary, and even between different floors, tenant preferences affected the floor plan of each unit. However, several design elements were standardized, such as doors, windows, and kitchen units.<ref name="AF p. 315">{{harvnb|Architectural Forum|1941|ps=.|p=315 (PDF p. 59)}}</ref> Each apartment had a window in its kitchen, although these were technically unnecessary, as mechanical ventilation systems had been legalized shortly before the building's completion. Above the seventh floor, each corner room was designed as a balcony containing a large window. The units were each designed with between one and four rooms; the three- and four-room units have separate dining rooms, while the one-room units have dining alcoves. The units above the sixth floor also had log-burning fireplaces.<ref name="nyht19410121" /><ref name="NYCL p. 5" /><ref name="NPS p. 16" /> Some units retain their original bookcases and shelves, which were built into the walls. Many apartments contain plaster walls, hardwood floors, wooden wall moldings, and exposed-beam ceilings.<ref>{{harvnb|ps=.|National Park Service|2009|p=7}}</ref>
At its opening, the building provided maid service, and had restrooms and service halls for personnel on every floor. Additionally, the basement had rooms for work, storage, and laundry, while the 20th floor of the northern apartment block had a solarium and recreation area.<ref name="NYCL p. 5" /><ref name="NPS p. 6" /><ref name="NPS p. 16" /> The 20th floor of the northern block also contains three roof terraces, one each to the west, east, and south of the tower.<ref name="NYCL p. 7" />
== History ==