WNET: Difference between revisions

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===Independent station (1948–1962)===
WNET commenced broadcasting on May 15, 1948, from a transmitter located atop First Mountain in [[West Orange, New Jersey]], as '''WATV''', a commercial television station owned by Atlantic Television, a subsidiary of Bremer Broadcasting Corporation.<ref>{{Cite web |url=https://www.americanradiohistory.com/Archive-BC/BC-1948/1948-05-10-BC.pdf#page=17 |title=''Broadcasting - Telecasting'' "It's a 50,000 watt boy, Mr. Time Buyer!" (p.17) |website=americanradiohistory.com |access-date=March 17, 2019}}</ref><ref>{{Cite web |url=https://www.americanradiohistory.com/Archive-BC/BC-1948/1948-05-24-BC.pdf#page=50 |title=''Broadcasting - Telecasting'' "WATV Newark Begins Regular Telecasting" (p.50) |date=May 24, 1948 |website=americanradiohistory.com |access-date=March 17, 2019}}</ref> Frank V. Bremer, the CEO, also owned two [[North Jersey]] radio stations, [[WNYM|WAAT]] (970 AM) and [[WNSH|WAAT-FM]] (94.7&nbsp;MHz). The three stations were based in the [[Newark Symphony Hall|Mosque Theatre]] at 1020 Broad Street in Newark. WATV was the first of three new stations in the New York City television market to sign on the air during 1948, and was also the first [[Independent station (North America)|independent station]]. One unusual daytime program, ''Daywatch,'' consisted of a camera focused on a [[Teleprinter|teletypewriter]] printing [[News agency|wire service]] news stories, interspersed with cutaways to mechanical toys against a light music soundtrack. Another early series by the station was ''[[Stairway to Stardom (1950 TV program)|Stairway to Stardom]]'' (1950–1951), one of the first TV series with an African-American host. WATV's transmitter was moved to the [[Empire State Building]] in November 1953.<ref name="Inc.1953">{{cite book|author=Nielsen Business Media, Inc.|title=Billboard|url=https://books.google.com/books?id=VAoEAAAAMBAJ&pg=PA8|date=14 November 1953|publisher=Nielsen Business Media, Inc.|pages=8–|id={{ISSN|0006-2510}}}}</ref>
On October 6, 1957, Bremer Broadcasting announced it had sold its stations for $3.5 million to [[National Telefilm Associates]] (NTA), an early distributor of motion pictures for television, joining its [[NTA Film Network]].<ref>{{Cite web |url=https://www.americanradiohistory.com/Archive-BC/BC-1957/1957-10-07-BC.pdf#page=9 |title=''Broadcasting - Telecasting'' "WAAT, WATV (TV) Sold To NTA For $3.5 Million" (p.9) |date=October 7, 1957 |website=americanradiohistory.com |access-date=March 17, 2019}}</ref><ref>{{Cite web|url=https://www.americanradiohistory.com/Archive-BC/BC-1958/1958-04-07-BC.pdf#page=64 | title=''Broadcasting'' "NTA Newark Purchase Gets FCC's Approval" (p.64)|date=April 7, 1958 |website=americanradiohistry.com |access-date=March 17, 2019}}</ref> On May 7, 1958, channel 13's [[call sign]] was changed to '''WNTA-TV''' to reflect the new ownership; the radio stations also adopted these call letters. NTA's cash resources enabled WNTA-TV to produce a schedule of programming with greater emphasis on the people and events of New Jersey, compared to the other commercial television stations.<ref>{{Cite web |url=https://www.americanradiohistory.com/Archive-BC/BC-1957/1957-10-14-BC.pdf#page=77 |title=''Broadcasting'' - "NTA Said Planning Overhaul Of WAAT-WATV (TV) Operations" (p.77) |date=October 14, 1957 |website=americanradiohistory.com |access-date=March 17, 2019}}</ref> NTA also sought to make channel 13 the center of a new commercial network, though during its run the NTA Film Network offered only one night of "in-pattern" network programming, Friday nights in 1957–58, and for most purposes WNTA served as the New York showcase for nationally [[broadcast syndication|syndicated]] programming and produced several such entries, notably the anthology drama series ''Play of the Week''; the [[talk show]] ''[[The David Susskind Show|Open End]]'', hosted by [[David Susskind]]; [[children's television series|children's show]] ''[[The Magic Clown]]''; and a popular [[dance on television|dance program]] emceed by [[Clay Cole]]. The station continued to lag behind New York's other independent stations—[[WNYW|WNEW-TV]] (channel 5), [[WWOR-TV|WOR-TV]] (channel 9) and [[WPIX]] (channel 11)—in terms of audience size, and NTA incurred a large debt load. National Telefilm Associates put the WNTA stations up for sale in February 1961.<ref>{{Cite web |url=https://www.americanradiohistory.com/Archive-BC/BC-1961/1961-02-20-BC.pdf#page=42 |title=''Broadcasting'' - "NTA to Sell WNTA-AM-TV; Landau Out" (p.42) |date=February 20, 1961 |website=americanradiohistory.com | access-date=March 17, 2019}}</ref>