Keir Hardie: Difference between revisions

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==MP for West Ham South==
Hardie was invited to stand in [[West Ham South (UK Parliament constituency)|West Ham South]] in 1892, a working-class seat in [[Essex]] (now [[Greater London]]). The Liberals decided not to field a candidate, but at the same time not to offer Hardie any assistance. Competing against the [[Conservative Party (UK)|Conservative Party]] candidate, Hardie won by 5,268 votes to 4,036. He was variously described as the Labour<ref>[https://www.britishnewspaperarchive.co.uk/viewer/bl/0001652/18920705/062/0007 ''The Globe''], 5 July 1892]</ref> or "[[Liberal-Labour (UK)|Liberal and Labour]]"<ref>[https://www.britishnewspaperarchive.co.uk/viewer/bl/0001635/18920709/073/0003 ''Essex Herald''], 9 July 1892</ref> candidate. Upon taking his seat on 3 August 1892, Hardie refused to wear the "parliamentary uniform" of black [[frock coat]], black silk [[top hat]] and starched [[wing collar]] that other working-class MPs wore. Instead, Hardie wore a plain [[Tweed (cloth)|tweed]] [[Suit (clothing)|suit]], a red tie and a [[deerstalker]]. Although the deerstalker hat was the correct and matching apparel for his suit, he was nevertheless lambasted in the press, and was accused of wearing a flat cap, headgear associated with the common working man – "cloth cap in Parliament". In Parliament, Hardie advocated a graduated income tax, free schooling, pensions, the abolition of the [[House of Lords]] and for women's right to vote.
 
==Independent Labour Party==