Novgorod Detinets: Difference between revisions

→‎History: also the clocktower
(→‎Modern Construction: the source says 'rebuilt')
(→‎History: also the clocktower)
The compound was originally the site of a [[Slavic paganism|pagan]] burial ground upon which the first bishop of Novgorod, [[Ioakim Korsunianin]], built the [[Saint Sophia Cathedral in Novgorod|Cathedral of Holy Wisdom]] upon his arrival in the area in 989 or so. Thus the compound was and remained largely an ecclesiastical site, although many Novgorodian [[boyars]] built their houses in the southern part of the [[Detinets]].<ref>S. V. Troianovskii, "O nekotorikh rezul'tatakh raskopok v Novgorodskom kremle v 1992-1996 gg.," ''Novgorod i novgorodskaia zemlia, istoriia i arkheologiia'', No. 12, (1998): 58-70.</ref>
The first reference of the fortification on the site dates to 1044, with additional construction taking place in 1116. These were probably earthen embankments topped by a wooden palisade, although stone towers and walls were built in 1302. [[Archbishop of Novgorod|Archbishop]] [[Vasily Kalika]] (1330–1352) rebuilt the stone wall along the eastern side of the Detinets in 1331–1335. The rest was completed in stone only in 1400. In 1433, underUnder the rule of Archbishop [[Evfimy II (Archbishop of Novgorod)|Evfimy II]] (1429–1458), a [[Chamber of Facets|council hall for the nobility council]] ofand Novgoroda Republicclocktower waswere built as a part ofin the episcopal compound in 1433 and 1436 respectively. TodayThe itcouncil ishall, now called the Episcopal Chamber or the [[Chamber of Facets]], due to its elaborate [[Gothic architecture|Gothic]] vaults, is one of the easternmost examples of [[Brick Gothic]]. In 1437, part of Vasily's walls collapsed into the Volkhov River and were rebuilt by Evfimy II, too.<ref>Troianovskii, "O nekotorikh rezul'tatakh raskopok v Novgorodskom kremle," 59.</ref><ref>{{cite book|last1 = Варенцов|first1 = В. А.|last2 = Коваленко|first2 = Г. М.|title = В составе Московского государства: очерки истории Великого Новгорода конца XV-начала XVIII в|year=1999|lang=ru|isbn=9785867891008|publisher=Русско-Балтийский информационный центр БЛИЦ|pages = 135|lang=ru}}</ref>
===Modern Construction===