1870 Londonderry City by-election: Difference between revisions

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[[Richard Dowse]] was a [[Liberal Party (UK)|Liberal Party]] politician who was first elected to the [[House of Commons of the United Kingdom]] for the [[Londonderry City (UK Parliament constituency)|Londonderry City]] constituency at the [[1868 United Kingdom general election|17 November 1868 general election]].<ref name=thompson>{{cite book |last1=Thompson |first1=Frank |title=The End of Liberal Ulster: Land Agitation and Land Reform, 1868–1886 |publisher=Ulster Historical Foundation |isbn=978-1-903688-06-9 |page=74| date=2013|url=https://books.google.com/books?id=kqNVgAVmaZUC |language=en}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |title=Mr Richard Dowse |url=https://api.parliament.uk/historic-hansard/people/mr-richard-dowse/index.html |website=Hansard |accessdate=14 September 2020}}</ref> At this election he had defeated his only rival, the [[Irish Conservative Party]]'s [[Lord Claud Hamilton (1843–1925)|Claud Hamilton]], by 704 votes to 599.<ref name=thom/>
 
A lawyer by profession, Dowse was appointed [[Solicitor-General for Ireland]] in February 1870 which, under the law of the time, triggered a [[ministerial by-election]].<ref name=thom>{{cite book |title=Thom's Directory of Ireland |date=1876 |publisher=Alexander Thom |location=Dublin |page=749 |url=https://books.google.com/books?id=o0o9AQAAMAAJ |language=en}}</ref><ref name=otte>{{cite book |last1=Otte |first1=Thomas |last2=Readman |first2=Paul |title=By-Elections in British Politics, 1832–1914 |date=2013 |publisher=Boydell Press |isbn=978-1-84383-780-0 |page=74 |url=https://books.google.com/books?id=fASYFMKoTRIC |language=en}}</ref> The election was scheduled for 15 February and Dowse faced a strong challenge by the Conservative Party's Robert Baxter, at a time when ministerial by-elections (abolished in 1926) were increasingly uncontested.<ref>{{cite book |last1=Otte |first1=Thomas |last2=Readman |first2=Paul |title=By-Elections in British Politics, 1832–1914 |date=2013 |publisher=Boydell Press |isbn=978-1-84383-780-0 |pages=73–74 |url=https://books.google.com/books?id=fASYFMKoTRIC |language=en}}</ref><ref>{{cite book |last1=Blackburn |first1=R. M. |title=The Electoral System in Britain |date=2016 |publisher=Springer |location=Basingstoke, Hampshire |isbn=978-1-349-24090-6 |page=184 |url=https://books.google.com/books?id=EQ6_DAAAQBAJ |language=en}}</ref>
 
== Results ==