Constitutio Antoniniana: Difference between revisions

https://academic.oup.com/past/article-abstract/241/1/3/5088540?redirectedFrom=PDF
m (Small readability edits eg splitting longer sentences into shorter sentences.)
(https://academic.oup.com/past/article-abstract/241/1/3/5088540?redirectedFrom=PDF)
{{refimprove|date=October 2013}}
The '''''Constitutio Antoniniana''''' ([[Latin]] for: "Constitution [or Edict] of Antoninus") (also called the '''Edict of Caracalla''' or the '''Antonine Constitution''') was an [[edict]] issued on 11 July in 212 AD,<ref>"Late Antinquity" by Richard Lim in ''The Edinburgh Companion to Ancient Greece and Rome''. Edinburgh: [[Edinburgh University Press]], 2010, p. 114.</ref> by the [[Roman Emperor]] [[Caracalla]]. It declared that [[Peregrinus (Roman)|all free men]] in the [[Roman Empire]] were to be given full [[Roman citizen]]ship and that all free women in the Empire were to be given the same rights as Roman women.
 
Before 212 AD, for the most part only inhabitants of [[Italy (Roman Empire)|Italy]] held full Roman citizenship. Colonies of Romans established in other provinces, Romans (or their descendants) living in provinces, the inhabitants of various cities throughout the Empire, and small numbers of local nobles (such as kings of client countries) also held full citizenship. Provincials, on the other hand, were usually non-citizens, although some held the [[Latin Right]].