Point Tarock: Difference between revisions

1,994 bytes added ,  1 month ago
'''Point Tarock''', also known as '''Illustrated Tapp''',<ref name=Tarocchi/> was a three-player [[tarot card game]], played mainly in [[Austria]], which used the 54-card ''[[Industrie und Glück]]'' deck. Furr describes it as being "identical to [[Tapp Tarock|Tapp]] but for the addition of a special announcement, allowing a Declarer to capitalize on a very good hand... spicing up the game considerably."<ref name=Tarocchi>Furr (2009), p. 90.</ref> Point Tarock is sometimes confused with its close cousin, [[Illustrated Tarock]].
== History and etymology ==
Point Tarock is one of a family of classical Austrian card games known as [[Tarock game]]s; so much so, that the area of the former [[Austro-Hungarian Empire]], in which they have a strong tradition, has been described as 'Tarockania'.<ref name=BK>[http://web.archive.org/web/20070514081801/http://www.webit.at/bk/tarock.html ''Tarockania''] at web.archive.org. Retrieved 19 September 2020.</ref> These games have been featured in literature such as [[Fritz von Herzmanovsky-Orlando|Herzmanovsky-Orlando's]] ''Masquerade of the Genii'' and [[Johann Nestroy]]'s ''Zu ebener Erde und im ersten Stock''. There are numerous variations of Tarock, many still played today, including the challenging four-player games of [[Königrufen]] (the "game of kings"), [[Zwanzigerrufen]] and [[Neunzehnerrufen]], the original three-handed game of [[Tapp Tarock]] and its derivatives, and the "attractive" two-hander of [[Strawman Tarock]].<ref>Kastner, Hugo (2005). "König- oder Zwanz'ger-rufen? Nein, Strohmandeln!" in ''Kartenspiele'', p. 38.</ref>{{sfn|Ulmann|1890|pp=244/245}}{{sfn|Mayr|Sedlaczek|2008|p=380}}
The earliest known rules for Point Tarock are recorded (as Illustrated Tarock) by Löw in 1954 where he describes it as played "according to the rules of the normal Tarock game differing... only in the fact that there are new announcements" which the declarer can make and which commit him or her to winning additional points.{{sfn|Löw|1954|pp=31/32}} In 1965, Beck switches the names of the two games referring to this version now as Point Tarock (''Pointtarock'') . He continues to do so for the next two decades. The only subsequent record of its rules is published by Alscher in 2004 where, again it is referred to as Illustrated Tarock, a name that, however, has become increasingly associated with its more popular and complex cousin.{{sfn|Alscher|203|p=170}}
== Name ==
There is no consensus over the name of this game, which was variously called Point Tarock{{sfn|Beck|1972|p=135}} or Illustrated Tarock (''Illustriertes Tarock'').{{sfn|Alscher|2003|p= 170}} Confusingly there is a closely related, butits more complex variant whichcousin is also called Illustrated Tarock{{sfn|Beck|1972|pp=69–93}} or Point Tarock{{sfn|Bamberger|1983|pp=43-48}} or both.{{sfn|Mayr|Sedlaczek|2001|pp=111–114}} Since ''illustriertes'' implies "embellished", there is a logic in using Point Tarock for this variant which involves point-bidding and Illustrated Tarock for the more complex variant that is embellished (Dummett suggests "embroidered"){{sfn|Dummett|1980|p=479}} with additional announcements and bonuses. The game may in any case now be obsolete, being noticeably absent from Bamberger's successor to Löw's and Beck's Tarock series.{{sfn|Bamberger|2011|pp=56–59}}