Kyffhausen Castle: Difference between revisions

Alternative names in English
(Undid revision 979320284 by 2001:818:DD2D:F600:612B:7A45:9B85:A78C (talk) rv good faith edit. The sources have various spellings, but in English we don't usually use German locational adjectives.)
(Alternative names in English)
[[File:Kyffhäuser - Denkmalsanlage vom Turm aus.IMG 7389WI.jpg|thumb|320px|Castle complex with Barbarossa Tower, view from Kyffhäuser Monument]]
The '''Imperial Castle of Kyffhausen''' ({{lang-de|Reichsburg Kyffhausen}}) is a [[medieval]] [[castle]] [[ruin]], situated in the [[Kyffhäuser]] hills in the [[Germany|German]] state of [[Thuringia]], close to its border with [[Saxony-Anhalt]]. Probably founded about 1000, it superseded the nearby [[Kaiserpfalz|imperial palace]] (''Kaiserpfalz'') of [[Tilleda]] under the rule of the [[Hohenstaufen]] emperors during the 12th and 13th centuries. Together with the [[Kyffhäuser Monument]], erected on the castle grounds between 1890 and 1896, it is today a popular tourist destination. The castle is variously known in English as '''Kyffhausen Castle''',{{efn|See e.g. in Goebel, Stefan (2007). ''The Great War and Medieval Memory''. Cambridge: CUP. p. 265: "Amidst the ruins of Kyffhausen Castle..."}} '''Kyffhauser Castle''', {{efn|See e.g. Barrowclough, David (2017). ''Digging for Hitler''. Fonthill. "Schirmer was recommended to him for his work at the Ahnenerbe's Kyffhauser Castle dig..."}} '''Kyffhäuser Castle''',{{efn|See e.g. Willson, A Leslie (2015). ''Surveys and Soundings in European Literature''. Princeton: PUP. p. 7: "As late as 1546 an insane tailor was found in the ruins of Kyffhäuser Castle..."}} and '''Kyffhaueser Castle'''.{{efn|See e.g. Kim, Hoo (2007). ''Art of Success''. New Day. p. 120: "Among Germans, a folk belief is widespread that he didn't die but is asleep in Kyffhaueser Castle...}}
== Location ==
From the time of [[Weimar Classicism]] in the late 18th century, even more in the [[German Romanticism|Romantic]] era, the picturesque castle ruins became a popular destination for writers such as [[Johann Wolfgang von Goethe]], who wandered in the Kyffhäuser range together with Duke [[Karl August, Grand Duke of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach|Karl August of Saxe-Weimar]] in 1776. The legend of Frederick Barbarossa [[King asleep in mountain|asleep in the mountain]], perpetuated by [[Friedrich Rückert]] in an 1817 poem, became a symbol of rising [[German nationalism]], illustrated by regular meetings of ''[[Burschenschaft]]'' fraternities and finally by the erection of the Kyffhäuser Monument from 1890 onwards. In 1900 the ''[[Kyffhäuserbund]]'' veterans' and reservists' association took its name from the historic site.
== Footnotes ==
== References ==