Illustrated Tarock: Difference between revisions

== History and etymology ==
Illustrated Tarock is one of a family of classical Austrian card games known as [[Tarock game]]s; so much so, that the area of the former [[Austro-Hungarian Empire]], in which they have a strong tradition, has been described as 'Tarockania'.<ref name=BK>[ ''Tarockania''] at Retrieved 19 September 2020.</ref> These games have been featured in literature such as [[:de:Fritz von Herzmanovsky-Orlando|Herzmanovsky-Orlando's]] ''Maskenspiel der Genien'' and [[Johann Nestroy]]'s ''Zu ebener Erde und im ersten Stock''. There are numerous variations of Tarock, many still played today, including the challenging four-player games of [[Königrufen]] (the "game of kings"), [[Zwanzigerrufen]] and [[Neunzehnerrufen]], the original three-handed game of [[Tapp Tarock]] and its derivatives, and the "attractive" two-hander of [[Strawman Tarock]].<ref>Kastner, Hugo (2005). "König- oder Zwanz'ger-rufen? Nein, Strohmandeln!" in ''Kartenspiele'', p. 38.</ref>{{sfn|Ulmann|1890|pp=244/245}}{{sfn|Mayr|Sedlaczek|2008|p=380}}
The earliest known rules for Illustrated Tarock are recorded by Löw in 1954{{sfn|Löw|1954|pp=32–36}} and are much simpler than all later rules.{{efn|Löw calls it ''Point Tarock'' and gives the name Illustrated Tarock to another game. See [[#Name|Name]].}} The game is later recorded by Beck (1965 and 1983), Grupp (1974), Alscher (2004), Bamberger (2011), Mayr and Sedlaczek (2015) and Stöckl.{{sfn|Beck|1965|p=}}{{sfn|Grupp|1975|p=141}}{{sfn|Alscher|203|p=170}}{{sfn|Bamberger|2011|pp=56–59}}{{sfn|Mayr|Sedlaczek|2016|pp=368-370}}{{sfn|Stöckl|2019|pp=}}