Husarln: Difference between revisions

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== History and etymology ==
Husarln is one of a family of classical Austrian card games known as [[Tarock game]]s; so much so, that the area of the former [[Austro-Hungarian Empire]], in which they have a strong tradition, has been described as 'Tarockania'.<ref name=BK>[ ''Tarockania''] at Retrieved 19 September 2020.</ref> These games have been featured in literature such as [[:de:Fritz von Herzmanovsky-Orlando|Herzmanovsky-Orlando's]] ''Maskenspiel der Genien'' and [[Johann Nestroy]]'s ''Zu ebener Erde und im ersten Stock''. There are numerous variations of Tarock, many still played today, including the challenging four-player games of [[Königrufen]] (the "game of kings"), [[Zwanzigerrufen]] and [[Neunzehnerrufen]], the original three-handed game of [[Tapp Tarock]] and its derivatives, [[Illustrated Tarock]] and [[Point Tarock]], and the "attractive" two-hander of [[Strawman Tarock]].<ref>Kastner, Hugo (2005). "König- oder Zwanz'ger-rufen? Nein, Strohmandeln!" in ''Kartenspiele'', p. 38.</ref>{{sfn|Ulmann|1890|pp=244/245}}{{sfn|Mayr|Sedlaczek|2008|p=380}}
According to Dummett, Husarln is a close Austrian relative of the 42-card, three-handed Hungarian games such as Hungarian Tarok and Hungarian Tapper.{{sfn|Dummett|1980|pp=467-469}} In the earliest known rules, Löw states that the bidding is similar to that of [[Illustrated Tarock]],{{efn|Sometimes called Point Tarock although that also refers to a different point-bidding game}} a game also first recorded by him in 1954.{{sfn|Löw|1954|pp=36–37}}{{sfn|Löw|1954|p=33–35}} The game is later recorded by Beck (1965), Grupp (1975) and, more recently, by Bamberger (2011).{{sfn|Beck|1965|p=}}{{sfn|Grupp|1975|p=141}}{{sfn|Bamberger|2011|pp=56–59}} Confusingly, Beck, Bamberger and Grupp call it ''Block Tarock'' which, as Dummett notes, is the name of an earlier and quite different game.{{sfn|Dummett|1980|pp=469/470}} However, all three note that it is also called Husarln. Since ''Husar'' is German for "Hussar", the name ''Husarln'' means "playing [the game of] Hussar".{{sfn|Worsch|p=624|2004}} The name may therefore reflect a Hungarian origin in a similar way to the 2-player, 54-card game of [[Kosakeln]] ("playing Cossack"). [[Wolfgang Mayr|Mayr]] and [[Robert Sedlaczek|Sedlaczek]] note that Husarln is a ''"dialectic name for Tappen{{efn|Tappen is another name for [[Tapp Tarock]].}} with 42 cards."'' The Kings lose their significance and the game is totally dominated by the distribution of the Tarocks [Tarot cards]. This gives the game "that brisk and energetic feel that is so succinctly expressed in its widely used name 'Hussar'".{{sfn|Mayr|Sedlaczek|2015|p=311}}