Drużbart: Difference between revisions

20 bytes added ,  2 months ago
(Not a six-hand game)
| card_rank = {{Suit of Acorns}}J {{Suit of Leaves}}8 {{Suit of Hearts}}K 9s As Js 6s (remainder are 'duds')
| origin = [[Poland]]
| related = [[Bräus]], [[Brus (card game)|Brus]], [[Brús]], [[Bruus|Brusbart/Bruus]], [[Voormsi]]
| playing_time =
| random_chance =
== Background ==
Drużbart is one of a family of games descended from [[Karnöffel]], the oldest European card game with a continuous tradition of play to the present day.{{sfn|Dummett|1981|p=130}} These games are characterised by "the wildly disturbed ranking order in the chosen suit and particularly by the special role of the chosen Seven."{{sfn|McLeod|1996|pp=54/55}} It is one of the [[BruusBrusbart]] family of games whose progenitor was the German game of [[Brusbart]]. Other members of the family include Russian Bruzbart or Dulya, Livonian Brusbart, Swedish [[Bräus]], Danish and Estonian [[Brus]], and Greenlandic [[Voormsi]]. More distant cousins include Faroese [[Stýrivolt]] and Schleswig [[Knüffeln]].{{sfn|Smith|1997|pp=45-51}}
The game was widespread in Poland during the 18th century,{{sfn|Doroszewski|1960|p=396}} one account describing how ladies in an upper-class house played it as an after-dinner game along with [[Zwicken]].{{sfn|Czajkowski|1843|p=169}} In the 19th century it is recorded as being played "by the lower classes or children"{{sfn|Gołębiowski|1831|pp=45/46}} and in 1840 as being "in vogue among the common people."{{sfn|Forster|1840|p=216}} However, there are only two imperfect descriptions of its mode of play, dating to 1831 and 1888.{{sfn|Gołębiowski|1831|pp=45/46}}{{sfn|Gracz|1888|pp=31-33}}