Jack Hawkins: Difference between revisions

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{{Other people}}
{{Multiple issues|
{{Original research|date=May 2020}}
{{Use British English|date=November 2012}}
{{More citations needed|date=June 2012}}
{{Use dmy dates|date=November 2012}}
{{Use British English|date=November 2012}}
{{Use dmy dates|date=NovemberAugust 20122020}}
{{Infobox person
| name = Jack Hawkins
He was born at 45 Lyndhurst Road, [[Wood Green]], in what is now [[Haringey]], London, the son of a builder. He was educated at Wood Green's [[Woodside High School, Wood Green|Trinity County Grammar School]], where, aged eight, he joined the school choir.<ref name="Brit">{{Cite web |url=http://www.britmovie.co.uk/actors/Jack-Hawkins |title=Profile of Jack Hakwins at britmovie.co.uk |access-date=7 March 2015 |archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20150325194647/http://www.britmovie.co.uk/actors/Jack-Hawkins |archive-date=25 March 2015 |url-status=dead |df=dmy-all }}</ref>
By the age of ten Hawkins had joined the local operatic society, and made his stage debut in [[Patience (opera)|Patience]] by [[Gilbert and Sullivan]]. His parents enrolled him in the [[Italia Conti Academy]] and whilst he was studying there he made his London stage debut, when aged eleven, playing the Elf King in ''[[Where the Rainbow Ends]]'' at the [[Holborn Empire]] on Boxing Day, December 1923, a production that also included the young [[Noël Coward]].<ref name="Brit"/> The following year aged 14 he played the page in a production of ''[[Saint Joan (play)|Saint Joan]]'' by [[George Bernard Shaw]].<ref name="jack"/> Five years later he was in a production of ''[[Beau Geste]]'' alongside [[Laurence Olivier]].<ref name="guardian"/>
In the 1930s Hawkins's focus was on the stage. He worked in the companies of [[Sybil Thorndike]], [[John Gielgud]] and [[Basil Dean]].<ref name="new">{{cite news|title=PORTRAIT OF A FILM IDOL: Britain's Jack Hawkins Gives a Self-Effacing Appraisal of Popularity|first=Howard|last=Thompson|newspaper=The New York Times |date=4 AprApril 1954|page= X5}}</ref> His performances included ''Port Said'' by [[Emlyn Williams]] (1931), ''Below the Surface'' by HL Stoker and LS Hunt (1932), ''Red Triangle'' by Val Gielgud (1932), ''Service'' by CI Anthony, for director [[Basil Dean]] (1933), ''One of Us'' by Frank Howard, ''As You Like It'' by William Shakespeare (1933) and ''Iron Flowers'' by Cecil Lewis (1933, with [[Jessica Tandy]] his wife).
He did start appearing in films, including a number of "[[quota quickies]]" as well as more prestigious productions. His appearances included ''[[Birds of Prey (1930 film)|Birds of Prey]]'' (1930), ''[[The Lodger (1932 film)|The Lodger]]'' (1932) (starring [[Ivor Novello]]), ''[[The Good Companions (1933 film)|The Good Companions]]'' (1933), ''[[The Lost Chord (1933 film)|The Lost Chord]]'' (1933), ''[[I Lived with You]]'' (1933), ''[[The Jewel (1933 film)|The Jewel]]'' (1933), ''[[A Shot in the Dark (1933 film)|A Shot in the Dark]]'' (1933) and ''[[Autumn Crocus (film)|Autumn Crocus]]'' (1934).
Hawkins became a star with the release of three successful films in which he played stern but sympathetic authority figures: ''[[Angels One Five]]'' (1951), as an [[RAF]] officer during the war; ''[[The Planter's Wife (1952 film)|The Planter's Wife]]'' (1952), as a rubber planter combating communists in the [[Malayan Emergency]] (with [[Claudette Colbert]]); and ''[[Mandy (1952 film)|Mandy]]'' (1952), the headmaster of a school for the deaf. All films ranked among the top ten most popular films at the British box office in 1952 and British exhibitors voted him the fourth most popular British star at the local box office.<ref name="comedian">{{cite news |url=http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article18504988 |title=COMEDIAN TOPS FILM POLL. |newspaper=[[The Sunday Herald (Sydney)|The Sunday Herald]] |location=Sydney |date=28 December 1952 |accessdate=9 July 2012 |page=4 |via=National Library of Australia}}</ref>
Hawkins consolidated his new status with ''[[The Cruel Sea (1953 film)|The Cruel Sea]]'', playing a driven naval officer in the war. Sir [[Michael Balcon]] said, "Even before the script was written, we knew it had to be Jack Hawkins. If he hadn't been free to play the part, then there wouldn't have been a film."<ref name="boy"/> ''The Cruel Sea'' was the most successful film of the year and saw Hawkins voted the most popular star in Britain regardless of nationality.<ref name=britmovie>{{cite web|url=http://www.britmovie.co.uk/actors/Jack-Hawkins|title=Jack Hawkins|work=britmovie.co.uk|access-date=7 March 2015|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20150325194647/http://www.britmovie.co.uk/actors/Jack-Hawkins|archive-date=25 March 2015|url-status=dead|df=dmy-all}}</ref>
According to one obituary he "exemplified for many cinemagoers the stiff upper lip tradition prevalent in post war British films. His craggy looks and authoritative bearing were used to good effect whatever branch of the services he represented."<ref name="guardian">{{cite news|title=Jack Hawkins|newspaper=The Guardian |date=19 July 1973|page= 7}}</ref>
He turned down the role of ''Colonel Carne'' in ''The Glorious Gloucesters'' for [[Warwick Films]] and [[James Cook|Captain Cook]] for a project for the Rank organisation;<ref name="jack">{{cite news |url=http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article161613230 |title=JACK HAWKINS |newspaper=[[The Newcastle Sun]] |issue=11,178 |location=New South Wales, Australia |date=1 April 1954 |accessdate=30 October 2016 |page=27 |via=National Library of Australia}}</ref> neither movie was made.
"I'm tired of playing decent fellows", he said in a 1954 interview, "with stiff upper lip and even stiffer morals. I'm going to kill them off before they kill me as an actor. And I want stories written for me, not rejects intended for other fellows... I just inherit them from other people. Often, I find they've left the name of the actor originally suggested for the role. Always the same old names ... Errol Flynn, Gregory Peck ... five or six others. Before the script reaches them, somebody remembers me especially if it's one of those infernally nice characters."<ref>{{cite news |url=http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article163335136 |title=I Want To Be Evil |newspaper=[[The Newcastle Sun]] |issue=11,357 |location=New South Wales|date=9 December 1954 |accessdate=30 October 2016 |page=33 |via=National Library of Australia}} {{cite news |url=http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article163335136 |title=I Want To Be Evil |newspaper=[[The Newcastle Sun]] |issue=11,357 |location=New South Wales|date=9 December 1954 |accessdate=30 October 2016 |page=33 |via=National Library of Australia}}</ref>
===International star===
In December 1965, Hawkins was diagnosed with [[Esophageal cancer|throat cancer]]. His entire larynx was removed in January 1966. In March of that year he appeared at a royal screening of ''[[Born Free]]'' attended by the [[Elizabeth II|Queen]] and received a standing ovation.<ref>{{cite news|title=Queen Gives Jack Hawkins a Big Hand|newspaper=Los Angeles Times|date=16 MarMarch 1966|page= d14}}</ref>
Thereafter his performances were dubbed, often (with Hawkins's approval) by [[Robert Rietti]] or [[Charles Gray (actor)|Charles Gray]]. Hawkins continued to smoke after losing his voice.<ref>{{cite web|url=https://www.allmovie.com/artist/jack-hawkins-p31110|title=Jack Hawkins movies, photos, movie reviews, filmography and biography – AllMovie|work=AllMovie}}</ref> In private, he used a [[electrolarynx|mechanical larynx]] to aid his speech.<ref name="Connelly">{{cite book | first=Jack | last=Hawkins | title=Anything for a Quiet Life | publisher=Coronet | location=London | year=1975 | isbn=0-340-19866-4}}</ref>
In 1967 it was reported that he would direct [[Peter O'Toole]] in ''St Patrick's Battalion'' in [[Mexico]] but the film was not made.<ref>{{cite news|title=Jack Hawkins to direct O'Toole|newspaper=The Irish Times |date=10 July 1967|page= 11}}</ref>
==Personal life==
Hawkins married actress [[Jessica Tandy]] in 1932, and the couple divorced in 1940. Together they had one daughter, Susan Hawkins (b. 1934).<ref>https://articles.latimes.com/1995-06-18/entertainment/ca-14212_1_jessica-tandy</ref> In 1947, Hawkins married former actress [[Doreen Hawkins|Doreen Lawrence]] (1919–2013), and they remained married until his death in 1973.<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.screenonline.org.uk/people/id/512405/|title=BFI Screenonline: Hawkins, Jack (1910-1973) Biography|work=screenonline.org.uk}}</ref><ref>{{cite web|url=https://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/newstopics/mandrake/10123675/Widow-of-Jack-Hawkins-dies-aged-94.html|title=Widow of Jack Hawkins dies aged 94|date=17 June 2013|work=Telegraph.co.uk}}</ref> Together they had three children, Caroline (b. 1955),<ref>{{Cite book | url=https://books.google.com/books?id=Ey59RZZaWeYC&pg=PA154&lpg=PA154#v=onepage&q=caroline%20hawkins%20daughter%20of%20jack%20hawkins | title=London Theatre Walks: Thirteen Dramatic Tours Through Four Centuries of History and Legend| isbn=9781557835161| last1=Young| first1=Jim De| last2=Miller| first2=John| year=2003}}</ref> Andrew, and Nicholas Hawkins.
*1953 &ndash; most popular international star
*1954 &ndash; 5th most popular international star, most popular British star<ref name="JOHN WAYNE HEADS BOX-OFFICE POLL"/>
*1955 &ndash; 6th most popular British star<ref>"'The Dam Busters'." ''The Times'' [London, England] 29 DecDecember 1955: 12. ''The Times'' Digital Archive. Web. 11 July 2012.</ref>
*1956 &ndash; 2nd most popular British star<ref>"The Most Popular Film Star Inin Britain" ''The Times'' [London, England] 7 DecDecember 1956: 3. ''The Times'' Digital Archive. Web. 11 July 2012.</ref>
*1957 &ndash; 9th most popular British star<ref>'BRITISH ACTORS HEAD FILM POLL: BOX-OFFICE SURVEY', ''The Manchester Guardian (1901–1959)'' [Manchester (UK)] 27 DecDecember 1957: 3.</ref>
*1958 &ndash; 9th most popular British star
==External links==