American Quarter Horse: Difference between revisions

(Restored bettervwording)
In the 1600s on the Eastern seaboard of what today is the United States began to breed imported English Thoroughbred horses with assorted "native" horses.<ref name=QRH4>Denhardt ''Quarter Running Horse'' pp. 4–8</ref>
One of the most famous of these early imports was [[Janus (horse)|Janus]], a Thoroughbred who was the grandson of the [[Godolphin Arabian]]. He was foaled in 1746, and imported to colonial Virginia in 1756.<ref name=QRH>Denhardt ''Quarter Running Horse'' pp. 20–32</ref> The influence of Thoroughbreds like Janus contributed genes crucial to the development of the colonial "Quarter Horse".<ref name=Colonial106>Mackay-Smith ''Colonial Quarter Race Horse'' p. 106</ref><ref name=Colonial138>Mackay-Smith ''Colonial Quarter Race Horse'' p. 138</ref> The resulting horse was small, hardy, quick, and was used as a work horse during the week and a race horse on the weekends.<ref name="Handbook">{{cite web |url=|title= Quarter Horses|accessdate=2006-05-30 |author = Beckmann, Bruce|website= Handbook of Texas Online|publisher= Texas State Historical Association}}</ref>
As [[flat racing]] became popular with the colonists, the Quarter Horse gained even more popularity as a sprinter over courses that, by necessity, were shorter than the classic racecourses of England. These courses were often no more than a straight stretch of road or flat piece of open land. When competing against a Thoroughbred, local sprinters often won.{{Citation needed|date=January 2010}} As the Thoroughbred breed became established in America, many colonial Quarter Horses were included in the original American stud books.<ref name=Colonialxxxi>Mackay-Smith ''Colonial Quarter Race Horse'' p. xxxi</ref> This began a long association between the Thoroughbred breed and what would later become officially known as the "Quarter Horse", named after the {{Convert|1/4|mile}} race distance at which it excelled.<ref>"American Quarter Horse." Britannica School. Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc., 2015. Web. 1 Jul. 2015.</ref><ref>{{Citation |title=Storey's Illustrated Guide to 96 Horse Breeds of North America |first= Judith |last= Dutson |publisher=[[Storey Publishing]] |year= 2012 |isbn= 9781603429184 |page= 64 |url= }}</ref> Some Quarter Horses have been clocked at up to 55&nbsp;mph.<ref>{{cite web |url=|title= Iowa Quarter Horse Racing Association 1976–2008|accessdate=2008-06-11 |author = Iowa Quarter Horse Racing Association|website= IQHRA Website|publisher= Iowa Quarter Horse Racing Association| archiveurl=| archivedate= 7 June 2008 <!--DASHBot-->|url-status = live}}</ref>