Code of Canons of the Eastern Churches: Difference between revisions

display issues
(display issues)
==Language==
{{see also|Ecclesiastical Latin}}
The official language of the canon law common to all the Eastern Catholic Churches (called "common law")<ref group=note>.{{efn|This usage should not be confused with the [[common law|common law civil legal system]] or with the ''[[jus commune]]''.</ref>}} is [[ecclesiastical Latin|Latin]].<ref name=FarisCXXVI>John D. Faris, "Codifications of Eastern Canon Law", in ''A Practical Commentary to the Code of Canons of the Eastern Churches'', ed. John D. Faris & Jobe Abbass, OFM Conv., cxxvi.</ref> Although Latin is the language of the Latin Church and not of the Eastern Churches, Latin was chosen as the language of the common law because there is no common language in use among all the Eastern Catholic Churches.<ref name=FarisCXXVI/> The members of these churches use a diversity of languages, including Greek, Arabic, Romanian, Malayalam, English, French, Spanish, and Portuguese, but no single one of these languages could be used as the language of the common law.<ref name=FarisCXXVI/> Latin was chosen because it has a long history of legal and juridical tradition and was suitable for serving as the common text from which translations could be made.<ref name=FarisCXXVI/>
 
==Emendations==
 
'''Can. 4.''' The CCEO neither degrades or abrogates treaties/pacts entered into by the Holy See with nations/political societies. Therefore, they still have their force, notwithstanding any prescriptions of the CCEO to the contrary.
 
 
== The Rights and Obligations of All the Christian Faithful ==
=== Churches Sui Iuris and Rites ===
{{Eastern Catholicism }}
A church sui iuris is "a community of the Christian faithful, which is joined together by a hierarchy according to the norm of law and which is expressly or tacitly recognized as sui iuris by the supreme authority of the Church" (CCEO.27) . The term sui iuris is an innovation of CCEO (Codex Canonum Ecclesiarum Orientalium - Code of Canons of the Oriental Churches) and denotes the relative autonomy of the Oriental Catholic Churches. This canonical term, pregnant with many juridical nuances, indicates the God-given mission of the Oriental Catholic Churches to preserve their patrimonial autonomous nature. The autonomy of these churches is relative in the sense that they are under the authority of the [[Bishop of Rome]].<ref name="scribdcom2">{{cite web|url=https://www.scribd.com/doc/2057012/Malankara-Catholic-Church-sui-iuris-Juridical-Status-and-Power-of-Governance|title=Malankara Catholic Church sui iuris: Juridical Status and Power of Governance - Eastern Christianity - Religious Organizations|website=Scribd|accessdate=8 July 2018}}</ref>{{efn|For a better understanding of the concept of church sui iuris see, Žužek, ''Understanding The Eastern Code'', pp.&nbsp;94–109. “Una Chiesa Orientale cattolica è una parte della Chiesa Universale che vive la fede in modo corrispondente ad una delle cinque grandi tradizioni orientali- Alessandrina, Antiochena, Costantinopolitina, Caldea, Armena- e che contiene o è almeno capace di contenere, come sue componenti minori, più comunità diocesane gerarchicamente riunite sotto la guida di un capo comune legittimamente eletto e in comunione con Roma, il quale con il proprio Sinodo costituisce la superiore istanza per tutti gli affari di carattere amministrativo, legislativo e giudiziario delle stesse Communità, nell'ambito del diritto comune a tutte le Chiese, determinato nei Canoni sanciti dai Concili Ecumenici o del Romano Pontefice, sempre preservando il diritto di quest'ultimo di intervenire nei singoli casi” pp.&nbsp;103–104.<ref>{{cite web|url=https://books.google.com/books?id=N09OAAAAYAAJ&q=%22quale+con+il+proprio+Sinodo+costituisce+la+superiore%22|title=Österreichisches Archiv für Kirchenrecht|date=8 July 1994|publisher=Herder|accessdate=8 July 2018|via=Google Books}}</ref><ref name="scribdcom2"/> A rough translation of this may be rendered "An Eastern Catholic Church is on part of the Universal Church in which lives the faith in a corresponding manner to one of the five great Eastern Traditions - Alexandria, Antioch, Constantinople, Chalcedon, Armenian - and which contains or is capable of containing, as its small marts, more community specific diocesan rule and the guide of a legitimately elected head of the community and in Communion with [[Rome]], in which, with its own Synod, constitutes the highest law for all those affairs of an administrative character, legislative and guiding of its own community, in the aim of the direction common to all the Church, determined in the Holy Canons of the Ecumenical Councils or of the Roman Pontiff, always preserving the direction of the latter in individual cases."}}
 
For a better understanding of the concept of church sui iuris see, Žužek, ''Understanding The Eastern Code'', pp.&nbsp;94–109. “Una Chiesa Orientale cattolica è una parte della Chiesa Universale che vive la fede in modo corrispondente ad una delle cinque grandi tradizioni orientali- Alessandrina, Antiochena, Costantinopolitina, Caldea, Armena- e che contiene o è almeno capace di contenere, come sue componenti minori, più comunità diocesane gerarchicamente riunite sotto la guida di un capo comune legittimamente eletto e in comunione con Roma, il quale con il proprio Sinodo costituisce la superiore istanza per tutti gli affari di carattere amministrativo, legislativo e giudiziario delle stesse Communità, nell'ambito del diritto comune a tutte le Chiese, determinato nei Canoni sanciti dai Concili Ecumenici o del Romano Pontefice, sempre preservando il diritto di quest'ultimo di intervenire nei singoli casi” pp.&nbsp;103–104.<ref>{{cite web|url=https://books.google.com/books?id=N09OAAAAYAAJ&q=%22quale+con+il+proprio+Sinodo+costituisce+la+superiore%22|title=Österreichisches Archiv für Kirchenrecht|date=8 July 1994|publisher=Herder|accessdate=8 July 2018|via=Google Books}}</ref><ref name="scribdcom2"/> A rough translation of this may be rendered "An Eastern Catholic Church is on part of the Universal Church in which lives the faith in a corresponding manner to one of the five great Eastern Traditions - Alexandria, Antioch, Constantinople, Chalcedon, Armenian - and which contains or is capable of containing, as its small marts, more community specific diocesan rule and the guide of a legitimately elected head of the community and in Communion with [[Rome]], in which, with its own Synod, constitutes the highest law for all those affairs of an administrative character, legislative and guiding of its own community, in the aim of the direction common to all the Church, determined in the Holy Canons of the Ecumenical Councils or of the Roman Pontiff, always preserving the direction of the latter in individual cases."
 
According to the CCEO the Oriental Catholic Churches sui iuris are of 4 categories:
 
=== The Patriarchal Churches ===
*Jerusalem Church founded by St. James, the Apostle, in the year 37
Roman*Antioch Church founded by St. Peter, The Apostle, in the year 4439
 
Antioch*Alexandria Church founded by St. PeterMark, Thethe Apostle, in the year 3937
Celtic*Greek churchChurch founded by St. AndrewJohn, the Apostle, in Scotland, in the year 5542
 
Alexandria*Roman Church founded by St. MarkPeter, theThe Apostle, in the year 3744
*Mar Thoma church of India founded by St. Thomas the Apostle, in the year 38
 
Greek*Celtic Churchchurch founded by St. JohnAndrew, the Apostle, in Scotland, in the year 4255
 
Roman Church founded by St. Peter, The Apostle, in the year 44
 
Mar Thoma church of India founded by St. Thomas the Apostle, in the year 38
 
Celtic church founded by St. Andrew, the Apostle, in Scotland, in the year 55
 
==Patriarchal Curia (Canons 114-125)==
The organs connected to patriarchal curia:
All organs of patriarchal church who collaborate in the administration of the Patriarchal church, including superior tribunal, moderator general of the administration of justice, a group of bishops for recourse, patriarchal procurator in Rome, Roman curial organs, curia of other patriarchal churches, etc.
(As far as the curia is concerned, it is the same for the Patriarchal and Major Archiepiscopal Churches)<ref>{{efn|Dr. Francis Eluvathingal, Patriarchal and Major Archiepiscopal Churches in the Eastern Catholic Legislations based on CCEO Canon 114-125.</ref>}}
 
==See also==
*[[1917 Code of Canon Law]]
*[[Roman Catholic (term)]]
 
===Notes===
{{Notelist}}
 
==References==
{{reflist}}
===Notes===
{{reflist|group=note}}
 
==Bibliography==