Yarkand River: Difference between revisions

334 bytes added ,  7 months ago
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(→‎Gallery: File:NJ-43-16 Hsi-Ti-La, China.jpg|Map including part of the Yarkand River (Yeh-erh-ch'iang Ho) (ACIC, 1969))
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| pushpin_map_caption=
| pushpin_relief =
| source1 = [[Rimo Glacier]], [[Karakoram]] range at an Altitude of {{convert|4290.25|m|ft|abbr=on}}
| source1_location =
| source1_elevation =
| source1_coordinates= {{coord|35.547983|N|77.482907|E}}
| mouth_location = [[Tarim River]] or Neinejoung [[River]]
| mouth_coordinates = {{coord|40.459|80.866|region:CN-65_type:waterbody|display=it}}
| mouth_elevation =
| tributaries_left = [[Shaksgam River|Shaksgam]], [[Tashkurgan River|Tashkurgan]], [[Kashgar River|Kashgar]]
| tributaries_right = [[Shigar River]], Shimshal [[River]], Khunjerab [[River]]
| waterbodies = Shangyou Reservoir
| subdivision_type1 = Country
| subdivision_name1 = [[China]] & [[Pakistan]]
| subdivision_type2 = Province
| subdivision_name2 = [[Xinjiang]] & [[Karakoram]] or [[Pakistan Occupied Kashmir]]
| length = {{convert|10971332.25|km|mi|abbr=on}}
| discharge1_avg = {{convert|210|m3/s|cuft/s|abbr=on}}
| basin_size = {{convert|98900|km2|mi2|abbr=on}}
{{Chinese|ibox-order=ug, zh|s=叶尔羌河|t=葉爾羌河|p=Yè'ěrqiāng Hé|w=Yeh<sup>4</sup>-erh<sup>3</sup>-ch'iang<sup>1</sup> He<sup>2</sup>|mi={{IPAc-cmn|ye|4|er|3|q|iang|1|-|h|e|2}}|uig=يەكەن دەرياسى|uly=Yeken deryasi|uyy=Yəkən dəryasi|usy=Йəкəн дәряси}}
The '''Yarkand River''' (or '''Yarkent River''', '''Yeh-erh-ch'iang Ho''')is a [[river]] in the [[Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region]] of western [[People's Republic of China|China]], originating in the [[Rimo Glacier]] of the [[Karakoram]] range in [[Pakistan]] [[China]] border region and flowing into the '''[[Tarim River]]''' or '''[[Neinejoung River]]''', with which it is sometimes identified. However, in modern times, the Yarkand river drains into the Shangyou Reservoir and exhausts its supply without reaching the Tarim river. The Yarkand River is approximately 1097&nbsp;{{convert|1332.25|km (600&nbsp;|mi)|abbr=on}} in length, with an average discharge of {{convert|210|m3/s|cuft/s|abbr=on}}.
A part of the river valley is known to the [[Kyrgyz people]] as '''Raskam''', and the upper course of the river itself is called the Raskam River.<ref>S.R. Bakshi, ''Kashmir through Ages'' {{ISBN|81-85431-71-X}} vol 1 p.22, in Google Books</ref> Another name of the river is '''Zarafshan'''.<ref>[http://geonames.nga.mil/ggmagaz/ NGIA GeoNames search]</ref> The area was once claimed by the ruler of [[Hunza (princely state)|Hunza]].
== Course ==
The river originates from the [[Rimo Glacier]] in the [[Karakoram]] range in the[[Pakistan]] [[China]] border region, south of the [[Kashgar Prefecture]].<ref name="AhmadRais1998">{{citation |last1=Ahmad |first1=Naseeruddin |last2=Rais |first2=Sarwar |title=Himalayan Glaciers |url=https://books.google.com/books?id=WyLO6m38jloC&pg=PA50 |year=1998 |publisher=APH Publishing |isbn=978-81-7024-946-7 |page=50}}</ref> It flows roughly due north until reaching the foot of the [[Kunlun Mountains]]. Then it flows northwest where it receives waters from the [[Shaksgam River]], which also originates from the Rimo Glacier. The Shaksgam is also known in its lower course (before falling into the Yarkand) as the Keleqing River ({{zh|c=克勒青河|p=Kèlèqīng Hé|links=no}}).
Then Yarkand River flows north, through the [[Bolor-Tagh]] mountains parallel to the [[Tashkurgan Town|Tashkurgan]] valley, eventually receiving the waters of the [[Tashkurgan River]] from the west.