Effects of Hurricane Wilma in Mexico: Difference between revisions

(→‎Impact: c/e)
[[File:Cancún, Huracán Wilma, Oct 22.jpg|right|thumb|Storm damage to a [[McDonald's]] restaurant in Cancún|alt=Photograph of a fast food restaurant showing some damage to its façade with debris on the adjacent road]]
Storm sheltershelters evacueesand facedaffected foodcommunities both faced shortages in the immediate aftermath of Wilma.<ref name="wv"/> In Cancún, officials distributed food and water from the city hall.<ref name="ifrc6">{{cite report|title=Caribbean, Central America, and Mexico: Hurricane Wilma – Information Bulletin n° 4|work=International Federation of Red Cross And Red Crescent Societies|at=ReliefWeb|date=October 24, 2005|accessdate=March 12, 2020|url=https://reliefweb.int/report/cuba/caribbean-central-america-and-mexico-hurricane-wilma-information-bulletin-n-4}}</ref> There were 10&nbsp;community kitchens across the city, each capable of feeding 1,500&nbsp;people everyper day.<ref name="elun">{{cite news|title=Wilma: Inicia la reconstrucción mxm (martes)|language=Spanish|publisher=El Universal|date=October 26, 2005|accessdate=March 18, 2020|url=https://archivo.eluniversal.com.mx/notas/312456.html}}</ref> Local and federal troops quelled looting and rioting in Cancún.<ref name="ocha6"/><ref name="ifrc6"/> Traffic on Cancun's Kukulkán Boulevard reopened on October&nbsp;25, after beingthe roadway was flooded for three days.<ref name="elun"/> The Mexican Army partially reopened the Cancún International Airport on October&nbsp;24 to transferfacilitate the movement of aid and equipment;<ref name="univer"/> it reopened to the public three days later.<ref>{{cite report|work=U.N. Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs|date=October 28, 2005|at=ReliefWeb|accessdate=March 12, 2020|title=The Caribbean: Hurricane Wilma OCHA Situation Report No. 8|url=https://reliefweb.int/report/cuba/caribbean-hurricane-wilma-ocha-situation-report-no-8}}</ref> While Cancún's airport was closed to the public, stranded visitors filled taxis and buses to Mérida, Yucatán. Located 320&nbsp;km (200&nbsp;mi) from Cancún, Mérida was thehome region'sto the closest functioningoperational airport.<ref>{{cite news|author=Sofia Miselem|title=After Wilma Hits Mexico, All Buses Lead To Merida|agency=Agence France-Presse|date=October 24, 2005|accessdate=April 18, 2020|url=https://www.terradaily.com/news/hurricane-05zzzzze.html|publisher=Terra Daily}}</ref> Hotels and outgoing flights were filled to capacity in Mérida for several days after the storm.<ref>{{cite news|agency=Associated Press|date=October 26, 2005|title=Stranded In Mexico, 6 Days Later|publisher=CBS|accessdate=April 19, 2020|url=https://www.cbsnews.com/news/stranded-in-mexico-6-days-later/}}</ref> On October&nbsp;27, Mexico'sPresident then-presidentof Mexico [[Vicente Fox]] surveyed the storm damage. Fox's [[Secretariat of Tourism (Mexico)|Secretary of Tourism]], [[Rodolfo Elizondo Torres]], coordinatedorchestrated the reconstructionresponse with thea aimgoal forof quick restoration ofrevival tourist areas.<ref>{{cite report|date=October 28, 2005|title=Mexico: Concluye Presidente Vicente Fox Gira de Supervisión por destinos de playa dañados en Quintana Roo por Wilma|language=Spanish|at=ReliefWeb|accessdate=March 12, 2020|publisher=Government of Mexico|url=https://reliefweb.int/report/mexico/mexico-concluye-presidente-vicente-fox-gira-de-supervisi%C3%B3n-por-destinos-de-playa}}</ref> President Fox pledged that 75% of the hotels would be repaired by December&nbsp;15, promising loans and tax breaks to restore the industry.<ref>{{cite news|author=Will Weissert|title=In Cancun, the rebuilding goes slowly after Hurricane Wilma|newspaper=Seattle Times|agency=Associated Press|date=December 14, 2005|url=https://www.seattletimes.com/life/travel/in-cancun-the-rebuilding-goes-slowly-after-hurricane-wilma/|accessdate=March 18, 2020}}</ref> Most hotels in Cozumel, Isla Mujeres, and the [[Riviera Maya]] were largely reopened by early January 2006.<ref>{{cite news|author=Will Weissert|title=After the hurricane, Cancun still has a long way to go|newspaper=Seattle Times|agency=Associated Press|date=January 5, 2006|url=https://www.seattletimes.com/life/travel/after-the-hurricane-cancun-still-has-a-long-way-to-go/|accessdate=March 18, 2020}}</ref> The resorts in Cancún took longer to reopenrestore, but most were operationalopen byfor Wilma'sbusiness by one- year anniversaryafter the storm.<ref>{{cite news|title=Cancun, rebuilt and showing off|author=Chris Erskine|date=November 12, 2006|accessdate=March 18, 2020|url=https://www.latimes.com/archives/la-xpm-2006-nov-12-tr-yucatan12-story.html}}</ref>
On November&nbsp;28, the [[Official Journal of the Federation (Mexico)|Official Journal of the Federation]] announced a disaster area for 9 of Quintana Roo's [[municipalities of Quintana Roo|11&nbsp;municipalities]] – Benito Juárez, Cozumel, [[Felipe Carrillo Puerto Municipality|Felipe Carrillo Puerto]], Isla Mujeres, [[Lázaro Cárdenas, Quintana Roo|Lázaro Cárdenas]], [[Othón P. Blanco, Quintana Roo|Othon P. Blanco]], and [[Solidaridad Municipality|Solidaridad]].<ref name="mexdam"/> Following the destructive impacts of Wilma and earlier [[Hurricane Stan]], Mexico's state-owned bank, [[Banobras]], authorized $21&nbsp;billion (MXN, US$2&nbsp;billion) to states and local municipalities for rebuilding.<ref>{{cite report|title=El Presidente anunciará apoyos extraordinarios del Gobierno Federal para la reconstrucción y reparación de las 50 mil viviendas dañadas por el huracán en el estado de Chiapas: Rubén Aguilar, vocero de Presidencia|language=Spanish|at=ReliefWeb|publisher=Government of Mexico|date=November 1, 2005|accessdate=March 12, 2020|url=https://reliefweb.int/report/mexico/el-presidente-anunciar%C3%A1-apoyos-extraordinarios-del-gobierno-federal-para-la}}</ref> Mexico's [[Development finance institution|development bank]] – Nacional Financiera – provided financial assistance for businesses affected by Wilma and Stan through a $400&nbsp;million fund (MXN, US$37&nbsp;million). Quintana Roo's state government began a temporary work program for residents whose jobs were impacted by the hurricane. Other Mexican state governments sent helicopters, machinery, food, and aid to the hardest hit areas.<ref name="elun"/> Mexico healthHealthcare workers provided vaccines and focused on preventing [[Vector (epidemiology)|vector-borne]] diseases.<Ref name="gub"/> About 3,500&nbsp;people worked to restore water and power service, although total restoration forof electricity was expected to take about a month. Mexico's Comisión Nacional de Libros de Texto Gratuitos sent 250,000&nbsp;textbooks to Quintana Roo for the thousands of students who lost their academic supplies.<ref name="elun"/> DueTo toreplenish the extensive beach erosionbeaches, crews installed geotubes and dredged about 2.5&nbsp;million m<sup>3</sup> (660&nbsp;ft<sup>3</sup>) of sand, supported by Mexico's federal government and the Instituto Mexicano de Tecnología del Agua.<ref name="univer"/> The new beaches were not as smooth or whitefair in color as the previous beachones, which had formed naturally over time.<ref name="dp"/>
The Mexican Red Cross assisted residents in the aftermath of the hurricane, providingprovided health care and food to emergency shelters.<ref name="rc1024">{{Cite report|title=Mexican Red Cross delivers immediate aid to victims of Wilma in the Yucatan Peninsula|url=https://reliefweb.int/report/mexico/mexican-red-cross-delivers-immediate-aid-victims-wilma-yucatan-peninsula|work=International Federation of Red Cross And Red Crescent Societies|date=October 24, 2005|accessdate=March 18, 2020|at=ReliefWeb}}</ref> The agency sent 54&nbsp;tons of food and water supplies to the Yucatán Peninsula, along with teams of experts to coordinate the disaster response.<ref name="ifrc1021"/> TheIt Red Crossalso distributed 3,650&nbsp;emergency kits to affected residents in Quintana Roo,;<ref>{{cite report|title=Mexico: Distribución de botiquines en Quinana Roo|publisher=Mexican Red Cross|language=Spanish|date=October 18, 2006|at=ReliefWeb|accessdate=March 9, 2020|url=https://reliefweb.int/report/mexico/mexico-distribuci%C3%B3n-de-botiquines-en-quinana-roo}}</ref> includingthe kits included plastic sheeting, mosquito nets, kitchen sets, and hygiene supplies.<ref name="ocha7">{{cite report|work=U.N. Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs|at=ReliefWeb|accessdate=March 12, 2020|title=The Caribbean: Hurricane Wilma OCHA Situation Report No. 7|date=October 26, 2005|url=https://reliefweb.int/report/cuba/caribbean-hurricane-wilma-ocha-situation-report-no-7}}</ref> A Salvation Army plane dropped off 10&nbsp;tons of bottled water to Cancún and took stranded tourists on its return flight.<ref name="sa"/> The [[United States Agency for International Development]] sent $9.8&nbsp;million (US$900,000) to the Mexican Red Cross to purchase relief supplies following hurricanes Stan and Wilma.<ref>{{cite report|work=United States Agency for International Development|date=November 2, 2005|accessdate=March 9, 2020|title=USAID increase assistance to Mexico flood victims|url=https://reliefweb.int/report/mexico/usaid-increase-assistance-mexico-flood-victims|at=ReliefWeb}}</ref>
The name ''Wilma'' was later [[List of retired Atlantic hurricane names|retired]], meaning it will not be used again for another [[Atlantic hurricane]].<ref>{{cite web|title=Tropical Cyclone Naming History and Retired Names|url=https://www.nhc.noaa.gov/aboutnames_history.shtml|publisher=National Hurricane Center|accessdate=March 18, 2020}}</ref>