Effects of Hurricane Wilma in Mexico: Difference between revisions

m (proper noun)
==Background and preparations==
[[Hurricane Wilma]] developed on October&nbsp;15, 2005 in the [[Caribbean Sea]], as assesseddetermined by the [[National Hurricane Center]] (NHC). Four days later, it strengthened into a Category&nbsp;5 hurricane on the [[Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Scale|Saffir-Simpson scale]], with the lowest recorded [[atmospheric pressure|barometric pressure]] of any Atlantic hurricane;: [[53rd Weather Reconnaissance Squadron|reconnaissance aircraft]] recorded a minimum pressure of {{convert|882|mbar|inHg|abbr=on|sigfig=4}}. Wilma weakened as it drifted northwestward through the Caribbean over the next two days.<ref name="TCR"/> Originally, theThe hurricane was originally projected to move throughtransit the [[Yucatán Channel]] between Mexico and Cuba, but it maintained its northwest trajectory.<ref name="mexdam"/> Wilma made [[landfall (meteorology)|landfall]] late on October&nbsp;21 on the island of [[Cozumel]];. theThe NHC estimated the landfall intensity at {{Convert|927|mbar|inHg|abbr=on|sigfig=4}}, with [[List of Category 4 Atlantic hurricanes|Category&nbsp;4]] [[maximum sustained winds]] of 150&nbsp;mph (240&nbsp;km/h), making it a [[List of Category 4 Atlantic hurricanes|Category&nbsp;4]]. Early on October&nbsp;22, Wilma made a second landfall on the [[Quintana Roo]] mainland near [[Puerto Morelos]]. It then drifted across the northeastern Yucatán Peninsula, emerging into the [[Gulf of Mexico]] on October&nbsp;23. The hurricane later moved to the northeast, striking [[Florida]] on October&nbsp;24. It accelerated northeastward across the Atlantic Ocean, becomingand became an [[extratropical cyclone]] on October&nbsp;26.<ref name="TCR"/>
[[File:Wilma in cozumel island-109920 m.jpg|left|thumb|The [[eye (cyclone)|eye]] of Hurricane Wilma moving over [[Cozumel]]|alt=Satellite image with Cozumel visible within the eye of Wilma]]
On October&nbsp;18, the Mexican government issued a [[tropical cyclone warnings and watches|hurricane watch]] for the easteastern coastline of the [[Yucatán Peninsula]] from [[Punta Allen]] to [[Cabo Catoche]], including offshore islands. As the hurricane approachedgrew closer, these watches were upgraded to warnings and expanded from [[Chetumal]] nearin Belizesouthern Quintana Roo to [[San Felipe Municipality, Yucatán|San Felipe, Yucatán]]; a tropical storm warning extended westward to [[Celestún]]. TheseThe warnings were droppeddiscontinued on October&nbsp;23 as the hurricane moved into the Gulf of Mexico.<ref name="TCR">{{cite web|author1=Richard J. Pasch |author2=Eric S. Blake |author3=Hugh D. Cobb III |author4=David P. Roberts |url={{NHC TCR url|id=AL252005_Wilma}}|title=Hurricane Wilma Tropical Cyclone Report|date=January 12, 2006|publisher=[[National Hurricane Center]]|accessdate=May 7, 2010}}</ref> Mexico's national weather service – [[Servicio Meteorológico Nacional (Mexico)|Servicio Meteorológico Nacional]] – issued 88&nbsp;notices or bulletins related to Hurricane Wilma.<ref name="wmo"/> Officials declared a [[state of emergency]] in 23&nbsp;municipalities across the Yucatán,<ref name="ifrc1021"/> and placed Quintana Roo and Yucatán under a [[Tropical_cyclone_warnings_and_watches#Western_hemisphere|red alert]], the highest on its color-coded alert system. Neighboring [[Campeche]] was placed on an orange alert; [[Tabasco]] and [[Veracruz]] were placed on green alert,; and [[Chiapas]] was placed on blue alert, the lowest warning on the scale.<ref name="gub1021">{{cite report|work=Government of Mexico|title=Mexico: El Presidente Vicente Fox estará en contacto permanente para ser informado de la evolución del huracán, Rubén Aguilar, vocero de Presidencia|language=Spanish|date=October 21, 2005|at=ReliefWeb|accessdate=March 18, 2020|url=https://reliefweb.int/report/mexico/mexico-el-presidente-vicente-fox-estará-en-contacto-permanente-para-ser-informado-de}}</ref>
Hurricane Wilma affected parts of northeast Mexico that werehad been struck by [[Hurricane Emily (2005)|Hurricane EmilyStan]] injust two weeks Julyearlier, as well as [[Hurricane StanEmily (2005)|Hurricane Emily]], whichin struck Mexico two weeks before WilmaJuly.<ref name="gub"/><ref name="mexdam"/> Ahead of Wilma's landfall, officialsworkers cuttrimmed trees near power lines and placed notices on roads.<ref name="mexdam"/> About 75,000&nbsp;people evacuated in northeastern Mexico, includingevacuated the path of the storm. aboutSome 45,000&nbsp;peopleindividuals, whomany of them tourists, rode out the storm in 200&nbsp;emergency shelters, many of them tourists.<ref name="ocha5">{{cite report|work=U.N. Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs|at=ReliefWeb|accessdate=March 12, 2020|date=October 24, 2005|title=The Caribbean: Hurricane Wilma OCHA Situation Report No. 5|url=https://reliefweb.int/report/cuba/caribbean-hurricane-wilma-ocha-situation-report-no-5}}</ref> TheAmong the facilities serving as shelters includedwere schools, clinics, and, in one [[Maya peoples|Maya community]], a cave.<ref name="wv">{{cite report|work=World Vision|date=October 25, 2005|title=Hurricane Wilma devastates Yucatan Peninsula in Mexico|at=ReliefWeb|accessdate=March 12, 2020|url=https://reliefweb.int/report/mexico/hurricane-wilma-devastates-yucatan-peninsula-mexico}}</ref> About 300&nbsp;people had to be evacuatedrelocated when their shelter flooded in Cancún flooded. Thousands of tourists fled the region thebefore dayofficials beforeclosed the hurricaneinternational struck,airports in Cancún and Cozumel.<ref>{{cite news|title=Huracán Wilma azota a balnearios de México y se acerca a Florida|date=October 20, 2005|language=Spanish|url=https://www.eluniverso.com/2005/10/21/0001/14/5936AD55B349445A9DEBB2E87CE3E1A5.html|accessdate=March 18, 2020|agency=Reuters}}</ref> before officials closed the international airports in Cancún and Cozumel.<ref name="wv"/> TheCancún police in Cancún ordered that all residents to stay in their homeshome during the storm.<ref name="ifrc1021"/> [[Los Premios MTV Latinoamérica]] – the MTV Video Music Awards Latinoamérica – were canceled due to the hurricane,. The event eas originally scheduled to occur in [[Playa del Carmen]] on October&nbsp;20.<ref>{{cite news|title=Cancelación definitiva de los Premios MTV Latinoamérica|date=November 16, 2005|language=Spanish|publisher=La Nacion|accessdate=March 18, 2020|url=https://www.lanacion.com.ar/espectaculos/cancelacion-definitiva-de-los-premios-mtv-latinoamerica-nid756808}}</ref> Schools were canceledclosures in Quintana Roo, Yucatán, and Campeche, lasted up to 15&nbsp;days in some areas.<ref name="univer">{{cite report|page=36|title=Evaluación de Daños en la Infraestructura de Quintana Roo y Yucatún Causados por el Huracán Wilma|language=Spanish|author=Orlando de Jesús Alva Gonzákes|publisher=National Autonomous University of Mexico|accessdate=March 18, 2020|year=2015|url=http://www.ptolomeo.unam.mx:8080/xmlui/bitstream/handle/}}</ref>