Code of Canons of the Eastern Churches: Difference between revisions

The 23 ''[[sui iuris]]'' Churches which collectively make up the [[Eastern Catholic Churches]] have been invited by the Catholic Church to codify their own particular laws and submit them to the [[pope]] so that there may be a full, complete Code of all religious law within Catholicism. Pope [[John Paul II]] promulgated Code of Canons of the Eastern Churches on October 18, 1990, by the document ''Sacri Canones''.<ref>''AAS''82 (1990) pp. 1033-1063</ref> The Code came into force of law on October 1, 1991.<ref>Dr. Thomas Kuzhinapurath, ''Salvific Law: Salvific Character of CCEO, An Historical Overview'', Malankara Seminary Publications, Trivandrum, 2008, p.79</ref>
{{see also|Ecclesiastical Latin}}
The official language of the canon law common to all the Eastern Catholic Churches (called "common law")<ref group=note>This usage should not be confused with the [[common law|common law civil legal system]] or with the ''[[jus commune]]''.</ref> is Latin.<ref name=FarisCXXVI>John D. Faris, "Codifications of Eastern Canon Law", in ''A Practical Commentary to the Code of Canons of the Eastern Churches'', ed. John D. Faris & Jobe Abbass, OFM Conv., cxxvi.</ref> Although Latin is the language of the Latin Church and not of the Eastern Churches, Latin was chosen as the language of the common law because there is no common language in use among all the Eastern Catholic Churches.<ref name=FarisCXXVI/> The members of these churches use a diversity of languages, including Greek, Arabic, Romanian, Malayalam, English, French, Spanish, and Portuguese, but no single one of these languages could be used as the language of the common law.<ref name=FarisCXXVI/> Latin was chosen because it has a long history of legal and juridical tradition and was suitable for serving as the common text from which translations could be made.<ref name=FarisCXXVI/>