Hurricane Lane (2018): Difference between revisions

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(→‎Maui and Molokaʻi: redundant ref)
Volunteers from [[All Hands And Hearts - Smart Response|All Hands and Hearts]], [[Team Rubicon]], and [[Southern Baptist Convention|Southern Baptist Disaster Relief]] helped residents clean flood damage and remove mold.<ref>{{cite news|first1=Stephanie|last1=Salmons|newspaper=Hawaii Tribune-Herald|date=September 6, 2018|accessdate=September 7, 2018|title=Out with ‘all the moldy stuff’: Volunteers help residents recover from flooding|url=http://www.hawaiitribune-herald.com/2018/09/06/hawaii-news/out-with-all-the-moldy-stuff-volunteers-help-residents-recover-from-flooding/|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20180906225934/http://www.hawaiitribune-herald.com/2018/09/06/hawaii-news/out-with-all-the-moldy-stuff-volunteers-help-residents-recover-from-flooding/|archive-date=September 6, 2018|url-status=live}}</ref> On August&nbsp;29, the Central Pacific Bank announced a new disaster loan program that would provide $1,000–10,000 to eligible applicants.<ref name="MN_0829"/> A brown water advisory was raised for areas between [[Hamakua|Hāmākua Coast]] and [[Laupāhoehoe, Hawaii|Laupāhoehoe]] along the Big Island on September&nbsp;4 as runoff and sewage spills entered Hilo Bay. Officials advised residents to stay out of coastal waters accordingly.<ref>{{cite news|work=Hawaii News Now|date=September 4, 2018|accessdate=September 8, 2018|title=Brown water advisory posted for some Hawaii Island coastlines|url=http://www.hawaiinewsnow.com/story/39025092/brown-water-advisory-posted-for-some-hawaii-island-coastlines|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20180907221544/http://www.hawaiinewsnow.com/story/39025092/brown-water-advisory-posted-for-some-hawaii-island-coastlines|archive-date=September 7, 2018|url-status=live}}</ref><ref>{{cite news|newspaper=Hawaii Tribune-Herald|date=September 4, 2018|accessdate=September 8, 2018|title=Health department issues brown-water advisory|url=http://www.hawaiitribune-herald.com/2018/09/04/hawaii-news/health-department-issues-brown-water-advisory/|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20180908015647/http://www.hawaiitribune-herald.com/2018/09/04/hawaii-news/health-department-issues-brown-water-advisory/|archive-date=September 8, 2018|url-status=live}}</ref> President Trump signed a disaster declaration on September&nbsp;27 for all counties except Honolulu, enabling the distribution of federal funding. FEMA ultimately provided nearly $10&nbsp;million in public assistance.<ref>{{cite web|publisher=Federal Emergency Management Agency|date=September 27, 2018|accessdate=May 4, 2020|title=Hawaii Hurricane Lane (DR-4395)|url=https://www.fema.gov/disaster/4395}}</ref> [[Foodland Hawaii]] and [[Western Union]] provided up to $40,000 to the American Red Cross of Hawaii.<ref>{{cite news|newspaper=The Maui News|date=September 14, 2018|accessdate=May 4, 2020|title=Foodland, Western Union offer support|url=https://www.mauinews.com/news/local-news/2018/09/foodland-western-union-offer-support/}}</ref>
 
Power restoration was initially complicated by debris-covered roads and burned areas made off-limits. The Maui Electric Company contracted workers from the Hawaiian Electric Company to expedite repairs. Six poles providing electricity to Lahaina needed to be replaced.<ref name="MauiNews1"/> The Hawaii County Council reallocated $10&nbsp;million from its budget fortoward maintainingrepairing county propertyfacilities. Repair costs for damaged roads and bridges across eastern areas of the island reached an estimated $35&nbsp;million.<ref>{{cite news|newspaper=Honolulu Star-Advertiser|date=September 21, 2018|accessdate=July 24, 2019|title=Hawaii County delays transportation projects to pay for Hurricane Lane repairs|url=https://www.staradvertiser.com/2018/09/21/breaking-news/hawaii-county-delays-transportation-projects-to-pay-for-hurricane-lane-repairs/|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20190724193014/https://www.staradvertiser.com/2018/09/21/breaking-news/hawaii-county-delays-transportation-projects-to-pay-for-hurricane-lane-repairs/|archive-date=July 24, 2019|url-status=live}}</ref> Five sections of embankments along the Belt Road requiredneeded theto construction of masonrybe reinforced embankmentswith masonry. One landslide near mile marker 7.1 prompted the creation of a [[Mechanically stabilized earth|mechanically stabilized wall]]. Crews also stabilized the foundation of the Kapue Bridge. Excessive rainfall runoff damaged drainage systems along [[Hawaii Route 200|Route 200]]. RepairRehabilitation of damaged roads was completed in April&nbsp;2019.<ref>{{cite news|newspaper=Honolulu Star-Advertiser|date=April 1, 2019|accessdate=July 24, 2019|title=Big Isle highway repairs wrap up after Kilauea Volcano eruption and Hurricane Lane|url=https://www.staradvertiser.com/2019/04/01/hawaii-news/big-isle-highway-repairs-following-kilauea-volcano-eruption-and-hurricane-lane-wrap-up/|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20190724193013/https://www.staradvertiser.com/2019/04/01/hawaii-news/big-isle-highway-repairs-following-kilauea-volcano-eruption-and-hurricane-lane-wrap-up/|archive-date=July 24, 2019|url-status=live}}</ref>
 
In Maui, the fires proved to be the most damaging result of the hurricane. On August&nbsp;30 the Maui County Federal Credit Union opened disaster relief programs to fire victims in Lahaina.<ref>{{cite news|newspaper=The Maui News|date=August 30, 2018|accessdate=May 4, 2018|title=Credit union to aid Tropical Storm Lane, fire victims|url=https://www.mauinews.com/news/local-news/2018/08/credit-union-to-aid-tropical-storm-lane-fire-victims/}}</ref> The Maui division of [[Habitat for Humanity]] assisted residents with rebuilding homes by purchasing appliances and providing vendor discounts, namely with lumber.<ref name="Fire2019"/> Several local businesses sent monetary donations to the agency.<ref>{{cite news|newspaper=The Maui News|date=January 27, 2019|accessdate=May 4, 2020|title=Grants|url=https://www.mauinews.com/news/community-news/2019/01/grants-39/}}</ref> Two restaurant groups, Na Hoaloha ‘Ekolu and Old Lahaina Lu’au, donated $50,0000 and $10,000, respectively. Furthermore,The theformer group also held a fundraiser on October&nbsp;13 during which 20&nbsp;percent of sales from four restaurants would be donated to Habitat for Humanity.<ref>{{cite news|newspaper=The Maui News|date=September 30, 2018|accessdate=May 4, 2020|title=Restaurant group, Na Hoaloha ‘Ekolu, aids hurricane victims with donation, fundraiser|url=https://www.mauinews.com/news/community-news/2018/09/restaurant-group-na-hoaloha-ekolu-aids-hurricane-victims-with-donation-fundraiser/}}</ref> A resident of [[Honokowai]] organized a Facebook fundraiser that received more than $150,000 in donations. The Office of Hawaiian Affairs approved $35,000 in funds for 20&nbsp;families—$2,000 each to 11 families and $1,000 each for 9 familiesothers. However, none of the aid washad been distributed byone the one-year anniversary ofafter the fires.<ref name="Fire2019"/> A benefit concert on October&nbsp;21 raised $50,000, distributed evenly to ten families who did not have insurance or other means of financial assistance.<ref name="Kauaula"/> Of the eleven homes destroyed in Kauaula Valley, only one was rebuildrebuilt by August&nbsp;2019. Other residents remained in the care of relatives or at the Ka Hale A Ke Ola homeless shelter.<ref name="Fire2019"/>
 
The combination of Kīlauea's eruption and Hurricane Lane negatively impacted tourism. Although visitor numbers were up from 2017, continuing a long-term trend, the 1.4&nbsp;percent increase was the lowest since May&nbsp;2016.<ref name="Tourism1">{{cite news|first=Brian|last=Perry|newspaper=The Maui News|date=September 29, 2018|accessdate=May 4, 2020|title=Hurricane Lane dashed some travel in August|url=https://www.mauinews.com/news/local-news/2018/09/hurricane-lane-dashed-some-travel-in-august/}}</ref> In Maui, hotel occupancy fell 4.1&nbsp;percent and overall visitor spending fell 2.6&nbsp;percent during August&nbsp;2018 compared to August&nbsp;2017.<ref name="Tourism1"/><ref name="Tourism2">{{cite news|first=Lee|last=Imada|newspaper=The Maui News|date=September 25, 2018|accessdate=May 4, 2020|title=Hurricane Lane impacted August tourism on Maui|url=https://www.mauinews.com/news/local-news/2018/09/hurricane-lane-impacted-august-tourism-on-maui/}}</ref> The island's tourism returned to normal levels by the start of September.<ref>{{cite news|first=Brian|last=Perry|newspaper=The Maui News|date=September 2, 2018|accessdate=May 4, 2020|title=Officials: Hurricane, fire tourism impacts appear slight|url=https://www.mauinews.com/news/local-news/2018/09/officials-hurricane-fire-tourism-impacts-appear-slight/}}</ref>