Cyclopædia, or an Universal Dictionary of Arts and Sciences: Difference between revisions

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Chambers' work was carefully done, and popular. However, it had defects and omissions, as he was well aware; at his death, on 15 May 1740, he had collected and arranged materials for seven new volumes. [[George Lewis Scott]] was employed by the booksellers to select articles for the press and to supply others, but he left before the job was finished. The job was then given to [[John Hill (author)|Dr. John Hill]]. The ''Supplement'' was published in London in 1753 in two folio volumes with 3307 pages and 12 plates. Hill was a botanist, and the botanical part, which had been weak in the ''Cyclopaedia'', was the best.
 
[[Abraham Rees]], a [[Nonconformist (Protestantism)|nonconformist]] minister, published a revised and enlarged edition in 1778–1788, with the supplement and improvements incorporated. It was published in London, as a folio of 5 vols., 50105,010 pages (but not paginated), and 159 plates. It was published in 418 numbers at 6d. each. Rees claimed to have added more than 4,400 new articles. At the end, he gave an index of articles, classed under 100 .heads, numbering about 57,000 and filling 80 pages. The heads, with 39 cross references, were arranged alphabetically.<ref>{{Cite EB1911|wstitle=Encyclopaedia|volume=9|page=374}}</ref>
 
==Precursors ==
 
Among the precursors of Chambers's ''Cyclopaedia'' was [[John Harris (writer)|John Harris]]'s ''[[Lexicon Technicum]]'', of 1704 (later editions from 1708 through 1744). By its title and content, it was "An Universal English Dictionary of Arts and Sciences: Explaining not only the Terms of Art, but the Arts Themselves." While Harris's work is often classified as a technical dictionary, it also took material from [[Isaac Newton|Newton]] and [[Edmond Halley|Halley]], among others.{{sfn|Collison | Preece|2015}}
 
 
== Successors ==
 
Chambers's ''Cyclopaedia'' in turn became the inspiration for the landmark ''[[Encyclopédie]]'' of [[Denis Diderot]] and [[Jean le Rond d'Alembert]], which owed its inception to a proposed French translation of Chambers' work begun in 1744 by [[John Mills (encyclopedist)|John Mills]],<ref>{{EB1911|wstitle=Chambers, Ephraim|inline=1}}</ref> assisted by [[Gottfried Sellius]] The later [[Chambers's Encyclopaedia]] (1860–681860–1868) had no connection to Ephraim Chambers’s work, but was the product of [[Robert Chambers (publisher, born 1802)|Robert Chambers]] and his brother William.{{sfn|Collison | Preece|2015}}
 
==References==