Yarkand River: Difference between revisions

432 bytes added ,  9 months ago
File:Txu-oclc-6654394-nj-43-5th-ed.jpg|Map including the Yarkand River (labeled as Yeh-erh-ch'iang Ho) and surrounding region from the International Map of the World (AMS, 1966)
(|ibox-order=ug, zh (Basis: The English language term for this river is not derived from a transliteration of Chinese characters hence giving the top spot to Chinese characters here seems to be flawed.) File:叶尔羌河 - Yarkand River - 2015.04 - panoramio.jpg|Yarkand River File:叶尔羌河边的羊群 - Sheep on Yarkand River Bank - 2015.04 - panoramio.jpg|Sheep on the bank of the Yarkand River File:A Ferry on the Yarkand River.jpg|Ferry on the Yarkand River (1915) File:兰干桥 - Langar Bridge - 2015.04 - {{commonscat}})
(File:Txu-oclc-6654394-nj-43-5th-ed.jpg|Map including the Yarkand River (labeled as Yeh-erh-ch'iang Ho) and surrounding region from the International Map of the World (AMS, 1966))
{{Chinese|ibox-order=ug, zh|s=叶尔羌河|t=葉爾羌河|p=Yè'ěrqiāng Hé|w=Yeh<sup>4</sup>-erh<sup>3</sup>-ch'iang<sup>1</sup> He<sup>2</sup>|mi={{IPAc-cmn|ye|4|er|3|q|iang|1|-|h|e|2}}|uig=يەكەن دەرياسى|uly=Yeken deryasi|uyy=Yəkən dəryasi|usy=Йəкəн дәряси}}
 
The '''Yarkand River''' (or '''Yarkent River''', '''Yeh-erh-ch'iang Ho''')is a [[river]] in the [[Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region]] of western [[People's Republic of China|China]], originating in the [[Karakoram]] range and flowing into the '''[[Tarim River]]''', with which it is sometimes identified. However, in modern times, the Yarkand river drains into the Shangyou Reservoir and exhausts its supply without reaching the Tarim river. The Yarkand River is approximately 1097&nbsp;km (600&nbsp;mi) in length, with an average discharge of {{convert|210|m3/s|cuft/s|abbr=on}}.
 
A part of the river valley is known to the [[Kyrgyz people]] as '''Raskam''', and the upper course of the river itself is called the Raskam River.<ref>S.R. Bakshi, ''Kashmir through Ages'' {{ISBN|81-85431-71-X}} vol 1 p.22, in Google Books</ref> Another name of the river is '''Zarafshan'''.<ref>[http://geonames.nga.mil/ggmagaz/ NGIA GeoNames search]</ref> The area was once claimed by the ruler of [[Hunza (princely state)|Hunza]].
 
== Course ==
[[File:Txu-oclc-6654394-nj-43-5th-ed.jpg|left|thumb|Map including Zepu (labeled as TSE-P'U (POSGAM)) and surrounding region from the [[International Map of the World]] ([[Army Map Service|AMS]], 1966)]]
The river originates from the [[Rimo Glacier]] in the [[Karakoram]] range in the south of the [[Kashgar Prefecture]].<ref name="AhmadRais1998">{{citation |last1=Ahmad |first1=Naseeruddin |last2=Rais |first2=Sarwar |title=Himalayan Glaciers |url=https://books.google.com/books?id=WyLO6m38jloC&pg=PA50 |year=1998 |publisher=APH Publishing |isbn=978-81-7024-946-7 |page=50}}</ref> It flows roughly due north until reaching the foot of the [[Kunlun Mountains]]. Then it flows northwest where it receives waters from the [[Shaksgam River]], which also originates from the Rimo Glacier. The Shaksgam is also known in its lower course (before falling into the Yarkand) as the Keleqing River ({{zh|c=克勒青河|p=Kèlèqīng Hé|links=no}}).
 
File:Chagatai Khanate (1490).png|Moghulistan (Chagatai Khanate), 1490 AD
File:Map India and Pakistan 1-250,000 Tile NJ 43-15 Shimshal.jpg|Map including part of the Yarkand River (labeled as YĀRKAND RIVER) ([[Army Map Service|AMS]], 1955)
File:Txu-oclc-6654394-nj-43-5th-ed.jpg|Map including the Yarkand River (labeled as Yeh-erh-ch'iang Ho) and surrounding region from the [[International Map of the World]] ([[Army Map Service|AMS]], 1966)
File:Un-kashmir-jammu.png|Map including the upper reaches of the Yarkand River
File:叶尔羌河 - Yarkand River - 2015.04 - panoramio.jpg|Yarkand River