Juan Diego: Difference between revisions

4 bytes removed ,  6 months ago
edits and two paragraph breaks in the lead for topic shifts and descriptor narrative
(rewording in lead)
(edits and two paragraph breaks in the lead for topic shifts and descriptor narrative)
|prayer_attrib=
}}
'''Saint Juan Diego Cuauhtlatoatzin''',{{efn|This is the official name of the Saint.<ref>[https://www.vatican.va/news_services/liturgy/saints/ns_lit_doc_20020731_juan-diego_en.html Biographical Note] ''Vatican Information Service'', July 31, 2002.</ref> The indigenous name {{lang|nci|Cuauhtlatoatzin}} means "the eagle that talks", or "the talking eagle".<ref>John Paul II, [https://www.vatican.va/holy_father/john_paul_ii/homilies/2002/documents/hf_jp-ii_hom_20020731_canonization-mexico_en.html homily] at the canonization Mass, 31 July 2002.</ref>}} also known as '''Juan Diego''' (1474–1548), a native of [[Mexico]], is the first Roman Catholic indigenous saint from the [[Americas]].{{efn|[[Rose of Lima]] (1586–1617) was the first American saint (beatified 1667, canonized 1671); [[Martin de Porres]] (1579–1639) was the first mestizo American saint (beatified 1837, canonized 1962); and [[Kateri Tekakwitha]] (1656–1680), a Mohawk-Algonquin woman who lived in New York State was the first indigenous American to be beatified (in 1980; she was canonized in 2012).}} He is said to have been granted an [[Marian apparition|apparition]] of the [[Virgin Mary]] on four separate occasions in December 1531 at the hill of [[Tepeyac]], then a rural area but now within the borders of [[Mexico City]]. The [[Basilica of Guadalupe]], located at the foot of Tepeyac, claims to possess Juan Diego's mantle or cloak (known as a [[Tilmàtli|tilma]]) on which an image of the Virgin is said to have been impressed by a miracle as a pledge of the authenticity of the apparitions.
 
The [[Basilica of Guadalupe]], located at the foot of the hill of Tepeyac, claims to possess Juan Diego's mantle or cloak (known as a [[Tilmàtli|tilma]]) on which an image of the Virgin is said to have been impressed by a miracle as a pledge of the authenticity of the apparitions. These apparitions and the imparting of the miraculous image, are together known as the Guadalupe event ({{lang-es|el acontecimiento Guadalupano}}), and are the basis of the veneration of [[Our Lady of Guadalupe]]. This veneration is ubiquitous in Mexico, prevalent throughout the Spanish-speaking Americas, and increasingly widespread beyond.{{efn|See, for example, the remarks of Pope John Paul II in his 1997 Apostolic Exhortation, [https://www.vatican.va/holy_father/john_paul_ii/apost_exhortations/documents/hf_jp-ii_exh_22011999_ecclesia-in-america_en.html ''Ecclesia in America''] para. 11, regarding the veneration of Our Lady of Guadalupe as "Queen of all America", "Patroness of all America", and "Mother and Evangeliser of America"; ''cf.'' {{harvp|Sousa|Poole|Lockhart|1998|p=1}}. In May 2010, the church of Our Lady of Guadalupe in Makati, Manila, Philippines, was declared a national shrine by the bishops' conference of that country.<ref>[http://www.rcam.org/news/2010/archdiocesan_shrine_of_our_lady_of_guadalupe_declared_national_shrine_on_may31.html Archdiocesan Shrine of Our Lady of Guadalupe declared National Shrine], website of Archdiocese of Manila.</ref>}} As a result, the Basilica of Guadalupe is now one of the world's major centre of pilgrimage for Roman Catholics, receiving 22 million visitors in 2010.<ref>[http://www.zenit.org/rssenglish-31230 Guadalupe Shrine Hosts 6M for Feastday Weekend] {{Webarchive|url=https://web.archive.org/web/20120927020133/http://www.zenit.org/rssenglish-31230 |date=2012-09-27 }}, ''Zenit news agency'', December 13, 2010.</ref>{{efn|For comparison, in 2000, the year of the Great Jubilee, 25 million pilgrims were reported by the Rome Jubilee Agency,<ref>[https://www.zenit.org/article-232?l=english Pilgrims to Rome Break Records in Year 2000], ''Zenit'' news agency, January 1, 2001</ref> but in 2006 the city of Rome computed altogether 18 million visitors, many of whom were there for purely cultural reasons.<ref>[http://www.timesonline.co.uk/tol/news/world/article1289890.ece Vatican puts a squeeze on visitors], ''The Times'' online, January 6, 2007.</ref> Eight million were expected at Lourdes in 2008 (the 150th anniversary of the apparitions).<ref>[http://www.zenit.org/article-20995?l=english Benedict XVI to Join Celebrations at Lourdes], ''Zenit'' news agency, November 13, 2007.</ref>}} Juan Diego was [[beatified]] in 1990 and [[canonized]] in 2002.<ref name="Saragoza">{{cite book |last1=Saragoza |first1=Alex |title=Mexico Today: An Encyclopedia of Life in the Republic |date=2012 |publisher=ABC-CLIO |isbn=978-0-313-34948-5 |page=95 |url=https://books.google.com/?id=v49ppkhgtjMC&pg=PA95&lpg=PA95&dq=Antonio+of+Tlaxcala+beatified#v=onepage&q=Antonio%20of%20Tlaxcala%20beatified&f=false |language=en}}</ref>
 
Juan Diego was [[beatified]] in 1990 and [[canonized]] in 2002.<ref name="Saragoza">{{cite book |last1=Saragoza |first1=Alex |title=Mexico Today: An Encyclopedia of Life in the Republic |date=2012 |publisher=ABC-CLIO |isbn=978-0-313-34948-5 |page=95 |url=https://books.google.com/?id=v49ppkhgtjMC&pg=PA95&lpg=PA95&dq=Antonio+of+Tlaxcala+beatified#v=onepage&q=Antonio%20of%20Tlaxcala%20beatified&f=false |language=en}}</ref>
 
==Biography==