9th Street station (PATH): Difference between revisions

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'''9th Street''' is a [[metro station|station]] on the [[PATH (rail system)|PATH]] system. Located at the intersection of [[9th Street (Manhattan)|9th Street]] and [[Sixth Avenue (Manhattan)|Sixth Avenue]] (Avenue of the Americas) in the [[Greenwich Village]] neighborhood of [[Manhattan]], [[New York City]], it is served by the [[Hoboken–33rd Street]] and [[Journal Square–33rd Street]] lines on weekdays, and by the [[Journal Square–33rd Street (via Hoboken)]] line on weekends.
 
==History==
[[Image:9th Street PATH Sta jeh.JPG|left|thumb|Street entrance]]
The construction of the 9th Street station was particularly difficult. In 1900, construction workers for the [[Hudson and Manhattan Railroad]] (H&M), the PATH's predecessor, had to navigate [[quicksand]] formed from the water of the former [[Minetta Creek]] above it. Their work was particularly difficult as they could not break the surface of Sixth Avenue, which would have disrupted traffic.<ref>{{cite journal |first=J. Vipond |last=Davies |title=The Hudson and Manhattan Tunnel System | journal=Railroad Age Gazette |volume=47 |date=October 1, 1909 | via=HathiTrust | url=https://hdl.handle.net/2027/njp.32101049000761?urlappend=%3Bseq=620 | access-date=February 13, 2018 |page=585}}</ref> In 1907, the Degnon Contracting Company was building an extension to the H&M Railroad north of 9th Street and declared the water to have dried up, to the relief of area property owners who had previously spent thousands of dollars on pumps to rid their properties of water.<ref>{{Cite news|url=http://fultonhistory.com/highlighter/highlight-for-xml?altUrl=http%3A%2F%2Ffultonhistory.com%2FNewspaper%252024%2FNew%2520York%2520NY%2520Tribune%2FNew%2520York%2520NY%2520Tribune%25201907%2FNew%2520York%2520NY%2520Tribune%25201907%252009-13%2520Page%25205.pdf|title=Who Stole the Creek?|work=New York Tribune|date=September 13, 1907|access-date=February 13, 2018|page=5|via=Fultonhistory.com}}</ref>
 
The station opened on February 25, 1908, as part of the H&M extension between New Jersey and [[33rd Street station (PATH)|33rd Street]].<ref name="opening1908">{{cite news | title=TROLLEY TUNNEL OPEN TO JERSEY; President Turns On Power for First Official Train Between This City and Hoboken. REGULAR SERVICE STARTS Passenger Trains Between the Two Cities Begin Running at Midnight. EXERCISES OVER THE RIVER Govs. Hughes and Fort Make Congratulatory Addresses -- Dinner at Sherry's in the Evening. | work=The New York Times | date=February 26, 1908 | url=https://timesmachine.nytimes.com/timesmachine/1908/02/26/104797529.pdf | access-date=February 13, 2018}}</ref> Originally, there was an exit on the west side of Sixth Avenue between Waverly Place and Greenwich Avenue. The exit had been removed by 1941.<ref name="Amateau 1907"/>
 
After the [[September 11, 2001 attacks]], which resulted in the destruction of the vital [[World Trade Center (PATH station)|World Trade Center]] station, Ninth Street experienced serious overcrowding. In 2002, Ninth Street was used by an average of 8,900 people per day, about 3.248 million per annum. This was 54% higher than the 1.496 million passengers that utilized this station in 2001. While a new station near the World Trade Center has since reopened, the Port Authority plans to build a second entrance (pending environmental review) at this station, despite local opposition to the project.<ref>{{cite news |last=Carucci |first=Lisa |title=PATH plan for new Village entrance is still on track |newspaper=The Villager |date=December 1, 2004 |url=http://www.thevillager.com/villager_83/pahtplanfornewvillage.html |accessdate=2009-08-16}}</ref> Residents were concerned that the project would endanger the surrounding neighborhood's fragile historic buildings (through the vibrations that major construction would cause) and disrupt business and traffic in the West Village.<ref name="Amateau 1907">{{cite news| last=Amateau | first=Albert | title=History buff discovers a forgotten PATH exit | work=The Villager | date=January 5, 2005 | url=http://thevillager.com/villager_88/historybuffdiscovers.html | access-date=April 27, 2018}}</ref>
 
==Station layout==
 
Just east of the station, the tracks curve north onto Sixth Avenue, while the tunnel continues straight, a provision for a [[level junction]] with a never-built branch line that would have run to [[Astor Place (IRT Lexington Avenue Line)|Astor Place]] on the [[IRT Lexington Avenue Line]].<ref name=":4">{{Cite news|url=https://www.nytimes.com/1904/12/16/archives/madoo-subway-wins-fight-for-franchise-crosstown-line-perpetual-25.html|title=M'ADOO SUBWAY WINS FIGHT FOR FRANCHISE; Crosstown Line Perpetual -- 25 Years Under Sixth Avenue.|date=December 16, 1904|work=The New York Times|access-date=April 24, 2018|language=en-US|issn=0362-4331}}</ref><ref name="cudahy" />{{rp|22}} The [[Bellmouth (railroad terminology)|bellmouth]] for the proposed Astor Place connection north of this station runs for about {{convert|250|ft|m}}. Large portions of the ring erecting machine from the original tunnel construction is in the bellmouth for the proposed extension, and the tunnel is also filled with equipment.<ref name="cudahy">{{Cite Cudahy-Hudson}}</ref>{{rp|20}}<ref>{{cite journal|url=https://www.nycsubway.org/wiki/The_Public_Be_Pleased:_William_Gibbs_McAdoo_and_the_Hudson_Tubes|title=The Public Be Pleased: William Gibbs McAdoo and the Hudson Tubes|last=Fitzherbert|first=Anthony|date=June 1964|journal=Electric Railroaders' Association|access-date=April 24, 2018|via=nycsubway.org}}</ref>
 
==History==
The construction of the 9th Street station was particularly difficult. In 1900, construction workers for the [[Hudson and Manhattan Railroad]] (H&M), the PATH's predecessor, had to navigate [[quicksand]] formed from the water of the former [[Minetta Creek]] above it. Their work was particularly difficult as they could not break the surface of Sixth Avenue, which would have disrupted traffic.<ref>{{cite journal |first=J. Vipond |last=Davies |title=The Hudson and Manhattan Tunnel System | journal=Railroad Age Gazette |volume=47 |date=October 1, 1909 | via=HathiTrust | url=https://hdl.handle.net/2027/njp.32101049000761?urlappend=%3Bseq=620 | access-date=February 13, 2018 |page=585}}</ref> In 1907, the Degnon Contracting Company was building an extension to the H&M Railroad north of 9th Street and declared the water to have dried up, to the relief of area property owners who had previously spent thousands of dollars on pumps to rid their properties of water.<ref>{{Cite news|url=http://fultonhistory.com/highlighter/highlight-for-xml?altUrl=http%3A%2F%2Ffultonhistory.com%2FNewspaper%252024%2FNew%2520York%2520NY%2520Tribune%2FNew%2520York%2520NY%2520Tribune%25201907%2FNew%2520York%2520NY%2520Tribune%25201907%252009-13%2520Page%25205.pdf|title=Who Stole the Creek?|work=New York Tribune|date=September 13, 1907|access-date=February 13, 2018|page=5|via=Fultonhistory.com}}</ref>
 
The station opened on February 25, 1908, as part of the H&M extension between New Jersey and [[33rd Street station (PATH)|33rd Street]].<ref name="opening1908">{{cite news | title=TROLLEY TUNNEL OPEN TO JERSEY; President Turns On Power for First Official Train Between This City and Hoboken. REGULAR SERVICE STARTS Passenger Trains Between the Two Cities Begin Running at Midnight. EXERCISES OVER THE RIVER Govs. Hughes and Fort Make Congratulatory Addresses -- Dinner at Sherry's in the Evening. | work=The New York Times | date=February 26, 1908 | url=https://timesmachine.nytimes.com/timesmachine/1908/02/26/104797529.pdf | access-date=February 13, 2018}}</ref> Originally, there was an exit on the west side of Sixth Avenue between Waverly Place and Greenwich Avenue. The exit had been removed by 1941.<ref name="Amateau 1907"/>
 
After the [[September 11, 2001 attacks]], which resulted in the destruction of the vital [[World Trade Center (PATH station)|World Trade Center]] station, Ninth Street experienced serious overcrowding. In 2002, Ninth Street was used by an average of 8,900 people per day, about 3.248 million per annum. This was 54% higher than the 1.496 million passengers that utilized this station in 2001. While a new station near the World Trade Center has since reopened, the Port Authority plans to build a second entrance (pending environmental review) at this station, despite local opposition to the project.<ref>{{cite news |last=Carucci |first=Lisa |title=PATH plan for new Village entrance is still on track |newspaper=The Villager |date=December 1, 2004 |url=http://www.thevillager.com/villager_83/pahtplanfornewvillage.html |accessdate=2009-08-16}}</ref> Residents were concerned that the project would endanger the surrounding neighborhood's fragile historic buildings (through the vibrations that major construction would cause) and disrupt business and traffic in the West Village.<ref name="Amateau 1907">{{cite news| last=Amateau | first=Albert | title=History buff discovers a forgotten PATH exit | work=The Villager | date=January 5, 2005 | url=http://thevillager.com/villager_88/historybuffdiscovers.html | access-date=April 27, 2018}}</ref>
 
==Nearby attractions==
* [http://www.google.com/maps/@40.7342722,-73.9987109,3a,75y,212.3h,86.58t/data=!3m8!1e1!3m6!1s-MBgzYee6dRI%2FV5btV5mFaoI%2FAAAAAAAAMVg%2FfW5B4QQI1QYgSAu-FyZDDL3-yGBFNjvWQCLIB!2e4!3e11!6s%2F%2Flh3.googleusercontent.com%2F-MBgzYee6dRI%2FV5btV5mFaoI%2FAAAAAAAAMVg%2FfW5B4QQI1QYgSAu-FyZDDL3-yGBFNjvWQCLIB%2Fw203-h100-p-k-no%2F!7i9728!8i4864!4m3!8m2!3m1!1e1!6m1!1e1 Platform from Google Maps Street View]
 
[[Image:9th Street PATH Sta jeh.JPG|left|thumb|Street entrance]]
{{PATH (rail system)}}