Bhagavad Gita: Difference between revisions

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== Content ==
=== Structure ===
The ''Bhagavad Gita'' is a poem written in the [[Sanskrit]] language.<ref name=flood2013xviii>{{cite book|author1=Galvin Flood|author2=Charles Martin|title=The Bhagavad Gita: A New Translation|url= |year=2013 |publisher=W.W. Norton & Company| isbn=978-0-393-34513-1| page=xxviii}}</ref> Its 700 verses<ref name=minor1982lli/> are structured into several ancient Indian poetic meters, with the principal being the ''shloka'' (''Anushtubh chanda'').{{sfn|Coburn|1991|page=27}} Each ''shloka'' consists of a couplet, thus the entire text consists of 1,400 lines. Each ''shloka'' line has two quarter verses with exactly eight syllables. Each of these quarters is further arranged into "two metrical feet of four syllables each", state Flood and Martin.<ref name=flood2013xviii/>{{refn|group=note|An alternate way to describe the poetic structure of ''Gita'', according to Sargeant, is that it consists of "four lines of eight syllables each", similar to one found in Longfellow's [[The Song of Hiawatha|Hiawatha]].{{sfn|Sargeant|2009|p=8}}}} The metered verse does not rhyme.{{sfn|Sargeant|2009|p=8}} While the ''shloka'' is the principal meter in the ''Gita'', it does deploy other elements of [[Sanskrit prosody]].{{sfn|Egenes|2003|page=4}} At dramatic moments, it uses the ''tristubh'' meter found in the Vedas, where each line of the couplet has two quarter verses with exactly eleven syllables.{{sfn|Sargeant|2009|p=8}}
=== Narrative ===