Yarkand River: Difference between revisions

355 bytes added ,  9 months ago
|ibox-order=ug, zh (Basis: The English language term for this river is not derived from a transliteration of Chinese characters hence giving the top spot to Chinese characters here seems to be flawed.) File:叶尔羌河 - Yarkand River - 2015.04 - panoramio.jpg|Yarkand River File:叶尔羌河边的羊群 - Sheep on Yarkand River Bank - 2015.04 - panoramio.jpg|Sheep on the bank of the Yarkand River File:A Ferry on the Yarkand River.jpg|Ferry on the Yarkand River (1915) File:兰干桥 - Langar Bridge - 2015.04 - {{commonscat}}
(→‎Historical maps: File:Un-kashmir-jammu.png|Map including the upper reaches of the Yarkand River)
(|ibox-order=ug, zh (Basis: The English language term for this river is not derived from a transliteration of Chinese characters hence giving the top spot to Chinese characters here seems to be flawed.) File:叶尔羌河 - Yarkand River - 2015.04 - panoramio.jpg|Yarkand River File:叶尔羌河边的羊群 - Sheep on Yarkand River Bank - 2015.04 - panoramio.jpg|Sheep on the bank of the Yarkand River File:A Ferry on the Yarkand River.jpg|Ferry on the Yarkand River (1915) File:兰干桥 - Langar Bridge - 2015.04 - {{commonscat}})
}}
 
{{Chinese|ibox-order=ug, zh|s=叶尔羌河|t=葉爾羌河|p=Yè'ěrqiāng Hé|w=Yeh<sup>4</sup>-erh<sup>3</sup>-ch'iang<sup>1</sup> He<sup>2</sup>|mi={{IPAc-cmn|ye|4|er|3|q|iang|1|-|h|e|2}}|uig=يەكەن دەرياسى|uly=Yeken deryasi|uyy=Yəkən dəryasi|usy=Йəкəн дәряси}}
 
The '''Yarkand River''' (or '''Yarkent River''' is a [[river]] in the [[Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region]] of western [[People's Republic of China|China]], originating in the [[Karakoram]] range and flowing into the '''[[Tarim River]]''', with which it is sometimes identified. However, in modern times, the Yarkand river drains into the Shangyou Reservoir and exhausts its supply without reaching the Tarim river. The Yarkand River is approximately 1097&nbsp;km (600&nbsp;mi) in length, with an average discharge of {{convert|210|m3/s|cuft/s|abbr=on}}.
It is possible that alternative trade routes developed after this time between Yarkand and [[Ladakh]] via the [[Karakash River|Karakash Valley]]. The region of [[Hunza District|Hunza]] adjoining Xinjiang, which contained the passes through the Karakoram range, began to split off from Gilgit as an independent state around 997, and internecine wars with Gilgit as well as neighbouring [[Nagar District|Nagar]] became frequent.{{sfn|Dani|1998|pp=223,&nbsp;224}}{{sfn|Pirumshoev|Dani|2003|pp=238,&nbsp;242}} The rising importance of the Ladakh route is illustrated by the raids into Ladakh conducted by [[Mirza Abu Bakr Dughlat]] who took control of Kashgaria in 1465. His successor, [[Sultan Said Khan]] launched a proper invasion of Ladakh and Kashmir in 1532, led by his general [[Mirza Haidar Dughlat]].{{sfn|Khan|Habib|2003|p=330}}
 
==Historical mapsGallery==
Historical English-language maps including the Yarkand River:
<gallery mode="packed" heights="160">
File:Tarimrivermap.png|Rivers of the Tarim Basin
File:Map India and Pakistan 1-250,000 Tile NJ 43-15 Shimshal.jpg|Map including part of the Yarkand River (labeled as YĀRKAND RIVER) ([[Army Map Service|AMS]], 1955)
File:Un-kashmir-jammu.png|Map including the upper reaches of the Yarkand River
File:叶尔羌河 - Yarkand River - 2015.04 - panoramio.jpg|Yarkand River
File:叶尔羌河边的羊群 - Sheep on Yarkand River Bank - 2015.04 - panoramio.jpg|Sheep on the bank of the Yarkand River
File:A Ferry on the Yarkand River.jpg|Ferry on the Yarkand River (1915)
File:兰干桥 - Langar Bridge - 2015.04 - panoramio.jpg|Langar Bridge ({{lang|zh-hans|兰干桥}}) on the Yarkand River
</gallery>
 
== External links ==
* [https://www.openstreetmap.org/relation/532792#map=7/37.914/78.292 Yarkand River] plotted on OpenStreetMap.
{{commonscat}}
 
[[Category:Rivers of Xinjiang]]