Beloyarsk Nuclear Power Station: Difference between revisions

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Two earlier reactors were constructed at Beloyarsk: an [[AMB-100 reactor]] (operational 1964–1983) and an [[AMB-200 reactor]] (operational 1967–1989).
 
Both were [[supercritical water reactor]]s; the first unit used 67 tons of uranium enriched to 1.8%, while the second unit used 50 tons of uranium enriched to 3.0%. The first unit had an indirect steam cycle, while the second had a direct one.<ref name="Kingery2011b">{{cite book|editorseditor=Steven B Krivit; |editor2=Jay H Lehr; |editor3=Thomas B Kingery|title=Nuclear Energy Encyclopedia: Science, Technology, and Applications|year=2011|publisher=Wiley|isbn=978-1-118-04347-9|pages=318–319}}</ref>
 
Although they were comparable in power to the [[Shippingport Atomic Power Station]], the Soviet planners regarded the Beloyarsk reactors as prototypes.<ref name="Josephson2005"/> Their main novelty was the use of superheated steam ran through a standard turbine thus resulting in a better efficiency compared to the earlier [[Obninsk Nuclear Power Plant]] pilot plant. The first Beloyarsk unit produced about 285&nbsp;MW heat of which about 100&nbsp;MW were converted to electricity.<ref name="Josephson2005">{{cite book|author=Paul R. Josephson|title=Red Atom: Russia's Nuclear Power Program from Stalin to Today |url=https://books.google.com/books?id=Y3MJq8w8sKsC&pg=PA28#v=twopage&q&f=false |year=2005|publisher=University of Pittsburgh Pre|isbn=978-0-8229-7847-3|page=28}}</ref> The second unit, which used two turbines, had a similar conversion efficiency of about 36%.<ref name="Kingery2011b"/>