Congress of Paris (1856): Difference between revisions

Rescuing orphaned refs ("Candan Badem 1856 p.403" from rev 926983297)
Tag: references removed
(Rescuing orphaned refs ("Candan Badem 1856 p.403" from rev 926983297))
The territories of Russia and Turkey were restored to their prewar boundaries.<ref name="Congress"/> The [[Black Sea]] was neutralized so that no warships were allowed to enter; however, it was open to all other nations.<ref name="Congress"/> It also opened the [[Danube River]] for shipping from all nations.<ref name="Britannica"/>
Turkish historians still express dissatisfaction with this fact. By example: "Although Ottoman Empire was on the side of winners, the Porte also lost the right to have a navy in the Black Sea together with the Russia. Put differently, the Empire had become a part of the European Concert, but not an actor in the European balance of power. Thus it was not recognized as a great power that could claim compensation in case of territorial gain by another member of the system".<ref name="Candan Badem 1856 p.403">Candan Badem, The Ottoman Crimean War (1853-1856). Leiden-Boston.1970.p.403</ref>
The peace conditions of the Paris Congress collapsed with the defeat of France in the war with Prussia in 1870-71. After the capitulation of the fortress of Metz (after that, France actually lost hope to reverse the course of the war), Russia announced its refusal to comply with the terms of the Treaty of 1856.