Ay: Difference between revisions

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Ay's reign was preceded by that of [[Tutankhamun]], who ascended to the throne at the age of eight or nine, at a time of great tension between the new monotheism and the old polytheism. He was assisted in his kingly duties by his predecessor's two closest advisors: [[Vizier (Ancient Egypt)|Grand Vizier]] Ay and General of the Armies [[Horemheb]]. Tutankhamun's nine-year reign, largely under Ay's direction, saw the return of the old gods – and, with that, the restoration of the power of the Amun priesthood, who had lost their influence over Egypt under Akhenaten.
Egyptologist [[Bob Brier]] suggested that Ay murdered Tutankhamun in order to usurp the throne, a claim which was based on X-ray examinations of the body done in 1968. He also alleged that [[Ankhesenamun]] and the Hittite prince she was about to marry were also murdered at his orders.<ref name="Brier 1998">{{cite book |last1=Brier |first1=Bob |title=The murder of Tutankhamen : a true story |date=1998 |publisher=Putnam |isbn=0399143831 |edition= Hardcover |url-access=registration |url=https://archive.org/details/murderoftutankha00brie }}</ref> This murder theory was not accepted by all scholars, and further analysis of the x-rays, along with [[CT scan]]s taken in 2005, found no evidence to suggest that Tutankhamun died from a blow to the head as Brier had theorized.<ref name="Boyer et al skull spine">{{cite journal |last1=Boyer |first1=RS |last2=Rodin |first2=EA |last3=Grey |first3=TC |last4=Connolly |first4=RC |title=The skull and cervical spine radiographs of Tutankhamen: a critical appraisal. |journal=AJNR. American journal of neuroradiology |date=2003 |volume=24 |issue=6 |pages=1142–7 |pmid=12812942 |url=http://www.ajnr.org/content/ajnr/24/6/1142.full.pdf |accessdate=15 September 2019}}</ref><ref>{{cite book |last1=Hawass |first1=Zahi |last2=Saleem |first2=Sahar N. |title=Scanning the Pharaohs : CT Imaging of the New Kingdom Royal Mummies |date=2016 |publisher=The American University in Cairo |isbn=978-977-416-673-0 |pages=101–102}}</ref>
In 2010, a team led by [[Zahi Hawass]] reported that the young king had died from a combination of a broken leg, [[malaria]] and [[Köhler disease]]<ref name="Hawass et al 2010 646">{{cite journal |last1=Hawass |first1=Zahi |title=Ancestry and Pathology in King Tutankhamun's Family |journal=JAMA |date=17 February 2010 |volume=303 |issue=7 |pages=638–47 |doi=10.1001/jama.2010.121 |pmid=20159872 |url=http://www.leben-in-luxor.de/docs/Hawass_Ancestry_and_Pathology_joc05008_638_647.pdf |accessdate=27 August 2019}}</ref> but another team from the [[Bernhard Nocht Institute for Tropical Medicine]] in [[Hamburg]] believes his death was caused by [[sickle cell disease]].<ref name="Timmann Meyer 2010">{{cite journal |last1=Timmann |first1=Christian |title=King Tutankhamun’s Family and Demise |journal=JAMA |date=23 June 2010 |volume=303 |issue=24 |pages=2471 |doi=10.1001/jama.2010.822}}</ref>