Cyclopædia, or an Universal Dictionary of Arts and Sciences: Difference between revisions

(Chambers's Encyclopaedia)
Among the precursors of Chambers's ''Cyclopaedia'' was [[John Harris (writer)|John Harris]]'s ''[[Lexicon Technicum]]'', of 1704 (later editions from 1708 through 1744). By its title and content, it was "An Universal English Dictionary of Arts and Sciences: Explaining not only the Terms of Art, but the Arts Themselves." While Harris's work is often classified as a technical dictionary, it also took material from [[Isaac Newton|Newton]] and [[Edmond Halley|Halley]], among others.
Chambers's ''Cyclopaedia'' in turn became the inspiration for the landmark ''[[Encyclopédie]]'' of [[Denis Diderot]] and [[Jean le Rond d'Alembert]], which owed its inception to a proposed French translation of Chambers' work begun in 1744 by [[John Mills (encyclopedist)|John Mills]],<ref>{{EB1911|wstitle=Chambers, Ephraim|inline=1}}</ref> assisted by [[Gottfried Sellius]] The later [[Chambers's Encyclopaedia]] (1860–68) had no connection to Ephraim Chambers’s work, but was the product of [[Robert Chambers (publisher, born 1802)|Robert Chambers]] and his brother William.{{sfn|Collison | Preece|2015}}
== Bibliography Further reading ==
* {{cite encyclopedia |last1= Collison |first1=Robert L. |last2= Preece |first2=Warren E.| title= Encyclopaedia|url= |publisher=[[Encyclopædia Britannica]] |date=2015|ref=harv}}
*Bocast, Alexander. ''Chambers on Definition''. McLean: Berkeley Bridge Press, 2016. ({{ISBN|978-1-945208-00-3}}).
*Bradshaw, Lael Ely. "Ephraim Chambers’ Cyclopedia." ''Notable Encyclopedias of the Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries: Nine Predecessors of the Encyclopédie''. Ed. Frank Kafker. Oxford: The Voltaire Foundation, 1981. 123–137. ({{ISBN|0-7294-0256-8}}).
*Yeo, Richard. "The Best Book in the Universe": Ephraim Chambers’ Cyclopedia. In ''Encyclopædic Visions: Scientific Dictionaries and Enlightenment Culture.'' Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 2001. 120–169. ({{ISBN|0-521-65191-3}})
*Yeo, Richard R. "A Solution to the Multitude of Books: Ephraim Chambers's Cyclopaedia (1728) as "the Best Book in the Universe."" ''Journal of the History of Ideas'', v. 64 (1), 2003. pp.&nbsp;61–72. ({{ISSN|0022-5037}})
==External links==