Siege of Neuss: Difference between revisions

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Under Charles's father, [[Philip the Good]], the Duchy of Burgundy had allied itself to the cause of the newly elected [[Electorate of Cologne|Archbishop of Cologne]], [[Ruprecht of the Palatinate (Archbishop of Cologne)|Ruprecht]]. Ruprecht proved immensely unpopular, and by 1471 several major towns in the archbishopric, as well as the Kölners themselves, were on the verge of revolt. Attempts by the Emperor [[Frederick III, Holy Roman Emperor|Frederick III]] to mediate the conflict failed, and in 1474 Charles the Bold signed a treaty with Ruprecht which stipulated that Charles would subdue the rebels and serve as Ruprecht's lifelong protector in return for 200,000 florins a year. To secure his western border, Charles concluded a treaty with [[Louis XI of France]] and then prepared to march into the Rhine valley; contemporaries suspected his real motive was the eventual reconquest of all of [[Alsace]].
 
== The Siegesiege ==
Charles's route towards Cologne led him past Neuss, one of the centers of resistance against Ruprecht. Fearing the threat Neuss would pose to his exposed rear if left uninvested, Charles prepared to lay siege to the city, and the investment began on 29 July 1474. The Neussers, though they had had only a short time to prepare, laid in enough provisions to last until Christmas. They were led by [[Hermann IV of Hesse|Hermann, Landgrave of Hesse]], and had the support of many nearby towns and cities.