Kómnzo language: Difference between revisions

==== Consonants ====
The consonant inventory comprises 18 phonemes (ᵐb, t, ⁿd, k, ᵑɡ, kʷ, ᵑɡʷ, m, n, ŋ, ɸ, ʦ, ⁿʣ, ð, s, r, w, j). The system consists of a series of obstruents (oral and prenasalized plosives and affricates), fricatives, nasals and semivowels. Consonants occurring only in loanwords are: b, g, d, l.
{| class="wikitable"
 
|
|'''bilabial'''
|'''dental'''
|'''alveolar'''
|'''palato-alveolar'''
|'''palatal'''
|'''velar'''
|'''labio-velar'''
|-
|'''oral obstruent'''
|
|align="center" colspan="2" |t̪~t
< t >
|align="center" |ts
< z >
|
|align="center" |k
< k >
|align="center" |kʷ
< kw >
|-
|'''prenasal obstruent'''
|align="center" |<sup>m</sup>b
< b >
|
|align="center" |<sup>n</sup>d
< d >
|align="center" |<sup>n</sup>dz
< nz >
|
|align="center" |ᵑɡ
< g >
|align="center" |ᵑɡʷ
< gw >
|-
|'''fricative'''
|align="center" |ɸ
< f >
|align="center" |ð
< th >
|align="center" |s
< s >
|
|
|
|
|-
|'''nasal'''
|align="center" |m
< m >
|align="center" |n
< n >
|
|
|
|align="center" |ŋ
< ŋ >
|
|-
|'''lateral'''
|
|align="center" |r~ɾ
< r >
|
|
|
|
|
|-
|'''semivowel'''
|
|
|
|
|align="center" |j
< y >
|
|align="center" |w
< w >
|}
==== Vowels ====
The vowel inventory consists of eight phonemes (i, e, æ, a, ʏ, ø, u, o) and one epenthetic vowel (ə).
 
{| class="wikitable"
!&nbsp;
![[Front vowel|Front (unrounded)]]
![[Front rounded vowel|Front (rounded)]]
![[Central vowel|Central]]
![[Back vowel|Back]]
|-
![[Close vowel|Close]]
| align="center" |{{IPA|i}}
< i >
| align="center" |{{IPA|y}}
< ü >
|
| align="center" |{{IPA|u}}
< u >
|-
![[Mid vowel|Mid]]
| align="center" |{{IPA|e}}
< e >
| align="center" |{{IPA|œ}}
< ö >
| align="center" |{{IPA|ə̯}}
< é >
| align="center" |{{IPA|o}}
< o >
|-
![[Near-open vowel|Near-open]]
| align="center" |{{IPA|æ}}
< ä >
|
|
|
|-
![[Open vowel|Open]]
| colspan="4" style="text-align:center;" |{{IPA|a}}
< a >
|}
==== Epenthesis ====
Komnzo phonology exhibits widespread vowel epenthesis. The epenthetic vowel is usually a short schwa (ə), sometimes a short high front or high back vowel. Many syllables and many words in Komnzo lack a specified vowel, e.g. ''mnz '''house' [mə̯nts] or ''gwth'' 'nest' [ᵑɡʷə̯θ].
 
==== Orthography ====
 
In the tables above, graphemes are indicated by <angle brackets>. The current orthography of Komnzo does not represent the epenthetic vowel because it can be predicted by the rules of syllabification. This leads to orthographic representations that untrained users of the orthography might find hard to pronounce, for example: ''zfth'' 'reason' is pronounced [tsə̯ɸə̯θ] or ''fta'' '36' is pronounced [ɸə̯ta].
 
==Numeral system==
|-
|''näbi''
|align="center" |‘one’
|align="center" |1
|1
|-
|''eda ~ yda''
|align="center" |‘two’
|align="center" |2
|2
|-
|''etha ~ ytho''
|align="center" |‘three’
|align="center" |3
|3
|-
|''asar''
|align="center" |‘four’
|align="center" |4
|4
|-
|''tabuthui''
|align="center" |‘five’
|align="center" |5
|5
|-
|''nibo''
|align="center" |‘six’
|align="center" |6
|6
|-
|''nibo a näbi''
|align="center" |'seven'
|align="center" |6 and 1
|-
|''nibo a eda''
|align="center" |'eight'
|align="center" |6 and 2
|-
|''fta''
|align="center" |‘36’
|align="center" |6<sup>2</sup>
|-
|''taruba''
|align="center" |‘216’
|align="center" |6<sup>3</sup>
|-
|''damno''
|align="center" |‘1296’
|align="center" |6<sup>4</sup>
|-
|''wärämäkä''
|align="center" |‘7776’
|align="center" |6<sup>5</sup>
|-
|''wi''
|align="center" |'46656'
|align="center" |6<sup>6</sup>
|}
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