Kómnzo language: Difference between revisions

changes to: classification, language name, phonology and references
(changes to: classification, language name, phonology and references)
{{Infobox language
| name =Kómnzo Komnzo
| altname = Rouku
| region = [[Papua New Guinea]]
| coordinates = {{coord|-8.701793|141.598485|type:city_region:PG_source:enwiki|name=Rouku|display=inline,title}}
| speakers =150–200 150-250
| date =2010 2018
| ref = {{citationDöhler needed2018|date=December 20142018}}
| familycolor = Papuan
| fam1 = [[Trans-Fly – Bulaka RiverYam languages|Trans-Fly – Bulaka RiverYam]]?
| fam2 = [[YamTonda languages|YamTonda]]
| iso3 =none tci
|fam3=[[Tonda languages|Tonda]]
| isoexception = dialect
|fam4=[[Upper Morehead language|Upper Morehead]] ?
| glotto = komn1238
| glottorefname = Kómnjo
'''KómnzoKomnzo''', also ''Kómnzo'', ''Kómnjo'', ''Kamundjo'', and ''Rouku''{{cn|date=May<ref 2016|reasonname=not"doehler2018" listed at glottolog; Rouku is listed as a variety of Arammba}}/> is a [[PapuanYam languages|Yam language]] of [[Papua New Guinea]] spoken by 150–200150–250 people in the village of Rouku ({{coord|-8.701793|141.598485|type:city_region:PG|name=Rouku}}) and the town of Morehead.<ref name="doehler2018">{{Cite book
| vauthors = Döhler, C
| title = A grammar of Komnzo
KómnzoKomnzo phonemic inventory:<ref name="Evans-Southern">{{cite book |last=Evans |first=Nicholas |authorlink=Nicholas Evans (linguist) |editor1-last=Palmer |editor1-first=Bill |date=2018 |title=The Languages and Linguistics of the New Guinea Area: A Comprehensive Guide |chapter=The languages of Southern New Guinea |series= The World of Linguistics |volume=4 |location=Berlin |publisher=De Gruyter Mouton |pages=641-774 |isbn=978-3-11-028642-7}}</ref>
;Consonants:The consonant inventory comprises 18 phonemes (ᵐb, t, ⁿd, k, ᵑɡ, kʷ, ᵑɡʷ, m, n, ŋ, ɸ, ʦ, ⁿʣ, ð, s, r, w, j). The system consists of a series of obstruents (oral and prenasalized plosives and affricates), fricatives, nasals and semivowels. Consonants occurring only in loanwords are b, g, d, l.
==== Vowels ====
*Consonants occurring only in loanwords are b, g, d, l.
The vowel inventory consists of eight phonemes (i, e, æ, a, ʏ, ø, u, o) and one epenthetic vowel (ə).
==== Epenthesis ====
;Vowels: i, e, æ, a, ʏ, ø, u, o
Komnzo phonology exhibits widespread vowel epenthesis. The epenthetic vowel is usually a short schwa (ə), sometimes a short high front or high back vowel. Many syllables and many vowels in Komnzo lack a specified vowel, e.g. ''mnz '''house' [mə̯nts] or ''gwth'' 'nest' [ᵑɡʷə̯θ].
==Numeral system==
Its number words use a [[senary]] numeral system, with the following numerals: ''nimbonibo'' (6<sup>1</sup>), ''fétafta'' (6<sup>2</sup>), ''tarumbataruba'' (6<sup>3</sup>), ''ntamnodamno'' (6<sup>4</sup>), ''wärämäkä'' (6<sup>5</sup>), and ''wi'' (6<sup>6</sup>).
*Languages of Southern New Guinea [https://chl.anu.edu.au/departments/linguistics/newguinea_languages.php/ project page at ANU, Canberra]
*Christian Döhler's [http://people.anu.edu.au/christian.doehler/ personal website at ANU] on research about Kómnzo
*Döhler, Christian (2013) [http://scholarspace.manoa.hawaii.edu/handle/10125/26087/ "Don't talk to him! His family speaks a bit mixed." Multilingualism from the perspective of the documenter]. presentation at the 3rd International Conference on Language Documentation and Conservation (ICLDC)
*Döhler, Christian (2018) ''A grammar of Komnzo.'' (Studies in Diversity Linguistics 22). Berlin: Language Science Press. [http://langsci-press.org/catalog/book/212 doi:10.5281/zenodo.1477799. ISBN 978-3-96110-125-2.]
{{Yam languages}}