Libyan Sea: Difference between revisions

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{{short description|The portion of the Mediterranean Sea north of the African coast of ancient Libya}}
The '''Libyan Sea''' ([[Ancient Greek|Greek]] {{lang|grc|Λιβυκό πέλαγος}}, [[Latin]] ''Libycum Mare'', [[Arabic]] البحر الليبي) is the portion of the [[Mediterranean Sea]] north of the [[North Africa|African]] coast of [[Ancient Libya|ancient ''Libya'']], i.e. [[Cyrenaica]], and [[Marmarica]]
(the [[coast]] of what is now [[Butnan District|eastern Libya]] and [[Matrouh Governorate|western Egypt]], between [[Tobruk]] and [[Alexandria]]).<ref>George Ripley and Charles Anderson Dana, ''The New American Cyclopaedia: A Popular Dictionary of General Knowledge'', 1861, D. Appleton and Co.</ref> This designation was used by ancient [[Geographer|geographers]]s describing the southern Mediterranean, but the term is also used by modern travel [[Writer|writers]]Writers and cartographers.<ref>''Crete Map'', Eastern Crete Development Organization (2004) Fotis Serfas</ref> The southern coastline of [[Crete]] which borders the Libyan Sea includes the [[Asterousia Mountains]] and [[Mesara Plain]]; this area is the locus of considerable ancient [[Bronze Age]] settlement including the sites of [[Kommos (Crete)|Kommos]], [[Hagia Triada]] and [[Phaistos]].<ref>[ C.Michael Hogan, ''Phaistos fieldnotes'', The Modern Antiquarian, 2007]</ref>
Not counting Crete, other islands in Libyan sea are [[Gavdos]], [[Gavdopoula]], [[Koufonisi, Crete|Koufonisi]] and [[Chrysi (island)|Chrysi]].