Ay: Difference between revisions

22 bytes removed ,  9 months ago
→‎Rule as pharaoh: slimmed previous edit to clarify that Tutankhamun had no living children as heirs - Horemheb was his designated heir.
m (Rephrased a sentence to increase its sensitivity. The fact that Tutankhamun died without seeing the birth of a healthy son does not mean that he "failed" to produce an heir.)
(→‎Rule as pharaoh: slimmed previous edit to clarify that Tutankhamun had no living children as heirs - Horemheb was his designated heir.)
[[File:Kheperkheperure Ay.jpg|left|thumb|x230px|Faience plate with the complete royal titulary of Ay, [[Egyptian Museum]].]]
[[File:ReliefWithNameOfAy-PetrieMuseum-August21-08.jpg|thumb|150px|Fragment of a cartouche of Ay in the [[Petrie Museum]].]]
Tutankhamun's death around the age of 18 or 19, together with the fact thathe thehad youngno kingliving passed away without an heirchildren, left a power vacuum that his Grand Vizier Ay was quick to fill: Ay is depicted conducting the funerary rites for the deceased monarch and assuming the role of heir. The grounds on which Ay based his successful claim to power are not entirely clear. The Commander of the Army, [[Horemheb]], had actually been designated as the "idnw" or "Deputy of the Lord of the Two Lands" under Tutankhamun and was presumed to be the boy king's heir apparent and successor.<ref>Peter J. Brand, ''The Monuments of Seti I: Epigraphic, Historical and Art Historical Analysis'', Brill, NV Leiden, (2000), p. 311</ref> It appears that Horemheb was outmaneuvered to the throne by Ay, who legitimized his claim to the throne by burying Tutankhamun, as well as possibly marrying [[Ankhesenamun]], Tutankhamun's widow.
Since he was already advanced in age upon his accession, Ay ruled Egypt in his own right for only four years. During this period, he consolidated the return to the old religious ways that he had initiated as senior advisor and constructed a mortuary temple at [[Medinet Habu (temple)|Medinet Habu]] for his own use. A stela of [[Nakhtmin]] (Berlin 2074), a military officer under Tutankhamun and Ay—who was Ay's chosen successor—is dated to '''Year 4, IV Akhet day 1''' of Ay's reign.<ref>Urk IV: 2110</ref> [[Manetho]]'s Epitome assigns a reign length of four years and one month to Horemheb, and this was usually assigned to Ay based on this Year 4 dated stela; however, it is now believed that figure should be raised by a decade to fourteen years and one month and attributed to Horemheb instead, as Manetho intended. Hence, Ay's precise reign length is unknown and he could have ruled for as long as seven to nine years, since most of his monuments and his funerary temple at Medinet Habu were either destroyed or usurped by his successor, [[Horemheb]].{{Citation needed|date=July 2015}}